PTG 105-Exam3 -Lecture 16- 7
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What are most causes of pancreatitis due to?
How do gallstones play a role in pancreatitis?
Gallstones can obstrct the pancreatic duct, leading to pancreatitis
What are some common etiologies for pancreatitis other than Gallstones and Alcoholism?
NSAIDs and diuretics
What are the two type of pancreatitis?
- Acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis
- Chronic pancreatitis
What does Acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis usually follow?
Heavy alcohol laden meal
What does acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis lead to?
abdominal pain and shock
Acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis is or is not fatal?
Chronic pancreatitis has what characterisitcs?
- Slow progression
- Diabetes Mellitus ( complication)
What are consequences/complications f chronic pancreatitis?
- Diabetes Mellitus
Acute pancreatitis can be detected by what levels in teh blood?
- Elevated Amylase
- Elevated lipase
Elevated amylas and lipase in the blood indicates what disease?
What is cystic fibrosis?
- Inherited autosomal recessive disorder
- Disrupts chloride transport accross cell membranes
WHat disease disrupts Cl transport across cell membranes?
Cystic fibrosis effect what body organs?
Lungs, GI and pancreas
How is cystic fibrosis treated?
- replace pancreatic enzymes
- preven pneumonia
- supportive therapy
What type of primary liver tumor is found in young patients?
Hepatoblastoma is found in what group?
Hepatocellular Carcinoma is found in what group?
Adults develop what type of primary liver tumor?
Hepatoblastoma is malignant or benign?
Which is more common metastatic disease or Primary liver carcinoma?
Is Primary liver diseae common?
No, it is rare
What are risk factors for Hepatocellular carcinoma?
- alcohol abuse
- thorotrast exposure
- androgenic steroids
Androgenic steroids, Hematochromatosis, aflatoxins, Throblast exposure, HBV, HCV, alcohol abuse and cirrhoisis are all risk factors for what?
What sigsn and symptoms are there for Hepatocellular carcinoma?
- enlgarged liver
- tumor marker Alpha feto protein (elevated 60-70%)
A patien with Alpha feto protein elevated by about 60-70%, cirrhosis and liver enlargement may likley have what disease?
What is the prognosis for Hepatocellular carcinoma?
Hepatocellular carcinoma is mostly seen in what type of patient?
Thsoe with cirrhosis
How common is Metastatic Cancer?
Most common tumor of the liver
What is the most common tumor of the liver?
Cancers that commonly spread to the liver are:
Cancers suchas: Colon, stomach, leukemias, lymphomas and pancreas tumors commonly spread to what other organ?
What would you like to do?
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