Anus, Rectum, and Prostate

The flashcards below were created by user WindWell2794 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. anal canal
    • terminal portion of the rectum
    • lined by columns of mucosal tissue (columns of Morgagni)
  2. anal fistula
    inflammatory tract that runs from the anus or rectum and opens onto the surface of the perianal skin or other tissue
  3. anal warts
    infection with the HPV
  4. anorectal fissure
    • tear in the anal mucosa
    • appears most often in the posterior midline
  5. benign prostatic hypertrophy
    benign growth of the prostate gland common in men older than 50 years of age
  6. enterobiasis
    • adult nematode (parasite) lives in the rectum or colon and emerges onto the perianal skin to lay eggs while the person sleepsĀ 
    • common in children
  7. hemorrhoids
    varicose veins in the rectum that may be external below the anorectal line and/or internal above the anorectal line
  8. imperforate anus
    • congenital defect in which the rectal opening is blocked or missing
    • one of a variety of anorectal malformations that can occur during fetal development
  9. perianal and perirectal abscesses
    infection of the soft tissues surrounding the anal canal
  10. pilonidal cyst
    cyst or sinus tract located in the midline superficial to the coccyx and lower sacrum
  11. polyp
    • projecting mass of swollen membrane that may occur anywhere in the intestinal tract
    • may be malignant or benign
  12. prostate gland
    gland located at the base of the bladder and surrounding the urethra
  13. prostititis
    inflammation of the prostate gland
  14. pruritus ani
    • itching of the skin around the anus
    • commonly caused by fungal infection in adults and by parasites in children
  15. rectal prolapse
    condition in which the rectal mucosa (with or without the muscular wall) protrudes through the anal ring
  16. rectum
    terminal portion of the GI tract
Card Set:
Anus, Rectum, and Prostate
2013-04-09 22:50:10
test six

H.A. test six
Show Answers: