medchem III test III quiz packet 4

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medchem III test III quiz packet 4
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2013-04-09 18:58:26
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medchem III test III quiz packet 4
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  1. inhibits muscarinic action of acetylcholine at the bladder smooth muscle - treatment of overactive bladder
    oxybutin chloride - ditropan XL
  2. a depolarizing ultra-short acting muscle relaxant that acts directly on the skeletal muscle endplate - adjunt in surgery
    succinylcholine - anectine
  3. continuous sedation & control of intubated ICU patients - michael jackson's favorite sleep aid
    propofol - diprivan
  4. skeletal muscle relaxant which acts to interfer with Ca release preventing muscle contraction - watch for 1st day choking hazard, hepatoxicity - used in MS, cerebral palsy and malignant hypertheria
    dantrolene sodium - dantrium
  5. local anesthetic amide based product also used to control cardiac arrhythmias
    lidocaine - xylocaine
  6. centrally acting sedative muscle relaxant used for acutr injury and discolors urine and orange or puple-red color
    chlorzoxazone - parafon
  7. non-depolarizing steroidal based muscle relaxant used in general anesthesia for muscle relaxation and intubation for respiratory support
    pancuronium bromide
  8. local anesthetic natural product still used in ocular surgery
    cocaine
  9. GABA receptor agonist that causes hyperpolarization & muscle relaxation in multiple sclerosis by both an oral & intrathecal routes
    baclofen - lioresal
  10. inhalation gas commonly used in dental offices for paine relief/relieve anxiety
    nitrous oxide
  11. centrally acting sedative muscle relaxant used for acute injury-monitor liver function for possible dysfuntion
    metaxalone - skelaxin
  12. ultra-short acting barbiturate used in anesthesia induction
    thiopental sodium - pentothal
  13. simplest ester vased short acting topical active only local anesthetic due to complete insolubility in water
    benzocaine
  14. amide based local anesthetic with a very high partition coefficient- useful in lumbar epidural, spinal and other sympathetic nerve blocks
    bupivacaine - sensorcaine
  15. cholinergic muscle stimulant used to treat myasthenia gravis and reversal of non-depolarizing muscle relaxants
    pyridostigmine - regonol
  16. volatile liquid general anesthetic gas commonly used
    isoflurane - forane
  17. non-depolarizing & non-steroidal muscle relaxant used in general anesthesia for muscle relaxation and intubation for respiratory support
    atracurium besylate
  18. a dissociative anesthetic agent used as a sole agent not requiring skeletal muscle relaxation-associated with a 12% risk of severe emergence reactions-watch for hallucinations
    ketamine - ketalar
  19. rapid acting benzodiazepine used in preoperative sedation, anziety and amnesia-associated with respiratory depression
    midazolam

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