Neurological System

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Neurological System
2013-04-09 19:12:06
HA test six

HA test six
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  1. antalgic
    referring to behavior used to limit pain
  2. ataxia
    inability to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movement
  3. basal ganglia
    pathway and processing station between the cerebral motor cortex and the upper brainstem
  4. bell's palsy
    temporary acute paralysis or weakness of one side of the face
  5. brainstem
    pathway between the cerebral cortex and spinal cord
  6. brudzinski sign
    sign characterized by involuntary flexion of the hips and knees when the neck is flexed
  7. cerebellum
    • works with the motor cortex of the cerebrum
    • involved in voluntary movement
    • processes information from eyes, ears, and touch
  8. cerebral palsy
    permanent disorder of movement and posture development associated with nonprogressive disturbances in the brain of the developing fetus or infant
  9. encephalitis
    • acute inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
    • involves the meninges and is often caused by a virus such as herpes simplex virus
  10. frontal lobe
    • portion of the brain that contains the motor cortex
    • associated with voluntary skeletal movement
  11. graphesthesia
    tactual ability to recognize writing on the skin
  12. guillain-barre syndrome
    autoimmune-mediated destruction of peripheral nerve myelin sheaths and inflammation of nerve roots that occurs 1 to 3 weeks after a nonspecific GI or upper respiratory infection or following immunization
  13. hypothalamus
    part of the brain that maintains temperature control, water metabolism, and neuroendocrine activity
  14. kernig sign
    sign assessed by flexing the leg at the knee and hip and then attempting to straighten the leg of a supine patient
  15. intrapartum maternal lumbrosacral plexopathy
    neuroapthy that can occur during late pregnancy and delivery when the lumbrosacral trunk and sometimes the superior gluteal and obturator nerves are compressed
  16. lower motor neuron disorder
    absence of deep tendon reflexes may be an indication of the is type of neuron disorder or peripheral neuropathy
  17. medulla oblongata
    • base or hindmost part of the brain
    • acts as the respiratory center and relay center for major ascending and descending spinal tracts
  18. meningitis
    inflammatory of the meninges, the membranes around the brain and spinal cord
  19. multiple sclerosis
    progressive autoimmune disorder characterized by a combination of inflammation and degeneration of the myelin sheath of the brain's white matter leading to decreased brain mass and obstruction of the transmission of nerve impulses
  20. myasthenia gravis
    an autoimmune disorder of neuromuscular transmission involving the production of autoantibodies directed against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
  21. myelomeningocele
    congenital defect of one or more vertebrae that permits a meningeal sac filled with a portion of the spinal cord to protrude
  22. normal pressure hydrocephalus
    a syndrome simulating degenerative disease that is caused noncommunicating  by hydrocephalus
  23. nuchal rigidity
    • stiff neck
    • associated with meningitis
  24. occipital lobe
    portion of the brain that contains the primary visual center and is involved in the interpretation of visual data
  25. Parkinson's disease
    slowly progressive, degenerative neurologic disorder associated with a deficiency of the dopamine neurotransmitter
  26. peripheral neuropathy
    disorder of the peripheral nervous system that results in motor and sensory loss in the distribution of one or more nerves
  27. postpolio syndrome
    condition marked by the reappearance of neurologic signs in a survivor of an earlier case of polio
  28. romberg sign
    sign assessed as positive when a patient standing with eyes closed is unable to maintain balance
  29. seizure disorder
    condition marked by episodic abnormal electrical discharges of cerebral neurons
  30. shaken baby syndrome
    • condition that is caused by the violent shaking of an infant under 1 year of age
    • severe form of child abuse
  31. steppage gait
    an unexpected gait pattern manifested by an excessive lift of the hip and knee and an inability to walk on the heels
  32. stereognosis
    ability to identify an object to touch
  33. stroke
    • sudden interruption in the blood supply to a part of the brain or by the rupture of a blood vessel
    • also called cerebral vascular accident
  34. temporal lobe
    portion of the brain responsible for perception and balance, as well as interpretation of sounds, tastes, and smells
  35. thalamus
    part of the brain that conveys sensory impulses to and from the cerebrum and integrates the impulses between the motor cortex and the cerebrum