A system of law concerned with those who commit crimes.
The system of law concerned with private relations between members of a community rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs.
The body of English law as adopted and modified separately by the different states of the US and by the federal government.
An earlier event or action regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances.
The body or branch of law concerned with the study, interpretation, and application of a country or state's constitution.
The process to seek and obtain a review and reversal of an administrative decision by a court or by a higher authority within the administrative agency.
The power wielded by a government over its subjects, their property, and the land and natural resources within its boundaries.
A court in the state or federal system, typically the lowest level trial court serving a particular geographical area
The holding of a court consisting of multiple members, typically an appellate court, issued together by the majority of the members, and establishing the formal legal result of the case, as opposed to a dissenting opinion.
The first time you appeal to your case.
Court of Appeals
a state court to which appeals are taken from the trial courts: usually it is an intermediate appellate court, but in several states it is the final appellate court.
The jurisdiction which a superior court has to bear appeals of causes which have been tried in inferior courts. It differs from original jurisdiction, which is the power to entertain suits instituted in the first in stance.
Highest judicial body in the United States.
The power of a court to adjudicate the constitutionality of legislative or executive acts.
To send back to custody.
A belief or conclusion held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof.
An opinion that agrees with the court's disposition of the case but is written to express a particular judge's reasoning.
an opinion that disagrees with the court's disposition of the case