Judicial Branch

Card Set Information

Judicial Branch
2013-04-09 19:39:15

Vocab Words
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  1. Crime
    illegal activities
  2. Criminal Law
    A system of law concerned with those who commit crimes.
  3. Civil Law
    The system of law concerned with private relations between members of a community rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs.
  4. Common Law
    The body of English law as adopted and modified separately by the different states of the US and by the federal government.
  5. Precedent
    An earlier event or action regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances.
  6. Constitutional Law
    The body or branch of law concerned with the study, interpretation, and application of a country or state's constitution.
  7. Appeal
    The process to seek and obtain a review and reversal of an administrative decision by a court or by a higher authority within the administrative agency.
  8. Jurisdiction
    The power wielded by a government over its subjects, their property, and the land and natural resources within its boundaries.
  9. District Court
    A court in the state or federal system, typically the lowest level trial court serving a particular geographical area
  10. Majority Opinion
    The holding of a court consisting of multiple members, typically an appellate court, issued together by the majority of the members, and establishing the formal legal result of the case, as opposed to a dissenting opinion.
  11. Original Jurisdiction
    The first time you appeal to your case.
  12. Court of Appeals
    a state court to which appeals are taken from the trial courts: usually it is an intermediate appellate court, but in several states it is the final appellate court.
  13. Appellate Jurisdiction
    The jurisdiction which a superior court has to bear appeals of causes which have been tried in inferior courts. It differs from original jurisdiction, which is the power to entertain suits instituted in the first in stance.
  14. Justices
    Highest judicial body in the United States.
  15. Judicial Review
    The power of a court to adjudicate the constitutionality of legislative or executive acts.
  16. Remand
    To send back to custody.
  17. Opinion
    A belief or conclusion held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof.
  18. Concurring Opinion
    An opinion that agrees with the court's disposition of the case but is written to express a particular judge's reasoning.
  19. Dissenting Opinion
    an opinion that disagrees with the court's disposition of the case