PTG 105- Exam 3- Lecture 20 - 6

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  1. What are the symptoms of Prolactinoma?
    • Galactorrhea (abnormal lactation)
    • Amenorrhea
    • Low libido
    • Anovulation
    • Infertility
  2. Galactorrhea is what?
    Abnormal lactation
  3. What is the term for abnormal lactation?
  4. What is the cause for someone who has Galactorrhea, amenorrhea, anovulation, infertility and loss of libido?
  5. What hormone is responsible for normal lactation?
  6. What does Growth hormone secreting adenoma or the pituitary cause?
    Gigantism or Acromegaly
  7. Gigantism and Acromegaly are caused by what disease?
    Growth hormone secreting adenoma of the pituitary
  8. Gigantism is found in what group of patients?
  9. Acromegaly is found in what group of patients?
  10. What are the manifestations of acromegaly?
    • Large hands
    • coarse facial features
    • diabetes mellitus
    • muscle weakness
    • hypertension
    • Cardiac failure
  11. Large hands, hypertension, cardiac failure, muscle weakness, diabetes mellitus and coarse facial features are all manifestations of what disease?
  12. What lab test is there for Gigantism and Acromegaly?
    GH increased in serum
  13. What is the treatment for GH secreting adenoma/Gigantism/Acromegaly?
    Surgical removal
  14. Pituitary gigantism includes what specific type of course facial features?
    Prominant jaw
  15. How is apituitary adenoma diagnosised?
    MRI CT
  16. What are the causes of reduced ADH production/Diabetes insipidus?
    metastic neoplasm, inflammation or trauma to the posterior pituitary
  17. How does Diabetes Insipidus manifest itself?
    • Polyuria
    • Polydipsia (increased intake of fluids)
  18. What is polydipsia?
    Increased intake of fluids
  19. What would you suspect a patient had if they were suffering from polyurea and polydispia?
    Diabetes insipidus
  20. What is the treatment for Diabetes insipidus caused by the posterior pituitary?
    • Hormone replacement
    • Surgery
  21. What is a goiter?
    Enlargment of the thyroid gland
  22. The thyroid follicle contains what?
    The hormone
  23. The hormone is contained where inside the thyroid?
    The thyroid follicle
  24. An enlarged thyroid is called what?
    A goiter
  25. What does T4 do?
    • increase cellular metabolism
    • effect brain and other organs nutritionally
  26. What does T3 do?
    Same as T4, nutritional metabolic control
  27. What does Calcitonin do?
    • Increases deposition of Ca and phosphate into the bone
    • Lowers blood Ca
  28. What hormone lowers blood Ca and increases Ca and phosphate deposition in the bone?
  29. What hormones are produced by the thyroid gland?
    T4, T3 and Calcitonin
  30. What are causes of Hypothyroidism?
    • Hashimoto's disease
    • Hyperthyroidism
    • Iodine deficiency
    • Idiopathic
  31. What are the manifestations of of Hypothyroidism?
    • Decreased activity
    • Intolerance to cold
    • Dry skin/hair
    • Myxedma
    • Cretinism
    • Decreased T3, T4
    • Elevated TSH
    • Decreased I131 uptake
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PTG 105- Exam 3- Lecture 20 - 6
2013-04-10 03:00:07
PTG 105 Exam Lecture 20

PTG 105- Exam 3- Lecture 20 - 6
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