Card Set Information
Mainly vocab from chpt. 15, with a few questions.
A homogeneous mixture in which the components are uniformly intermingled.
The dissolving medium in a solution; the substance present in the largest amount.
The substance dissolved in the solvent to make a solution.
A solution with water as a solvent.
Describes a solution that contains as much solute as will dissolve at that temperature.
Describes a solution in which more solute can dissolve than is dissolved already at that temperature.
Describes a solution that contains more solute than a saturated solution will hold at that temperature.
Describes a solution in which a relatively large amount of solute is dissolved in a solution.
Describes a solution in which a relatively small amount of solute is dissolved in a solution.
A way of describing a solution's composition which expresses the mass of solute present in a given mass of solution.
Mass percent= (Mass of solute/mass of solution)x100%=(grams of solute/[grams of solute+grams of solvent])x100%
Describes the amount of solute in moles and the volume of the solution in liters.
M=moles of solute/liters of solution
A solution whose concentration is accurately known.
The process of adding more solvent to a solution.
An acid-base reaction.
Equivalent of an acid
amount of the acid that can furnish one mole of hydrogen ions (H+).
Equivalent of a base
The amount of base that can furnish one mole of hydroxide ions (OH-).
The mass (in grams) of on one equivalent of an acid or a base.
A property that is dependent only on the number of solute particles present in solution.
Substances with similar polarities tend to dissolve with each other to form a _____.
Water is a very ____ substance and tend to dissolve ______ solids or other _______ substances.
polar; ionic; polar
The rate of dissolution is affected by:
-Surface area of solute
Dilution of a solution occurs when...
...additional solvent is added to lower the concentration of a solution.
The properties of a solvent are affected by...
...dissolving a solute.
The boiling point of a solvent increases as the amount of...
...dissolved solute increases.
The melting point of a solvent decreases as the amount of dissolved solute _____.
How does an ionic solute dissolve in water?
The strong ionic forces are overcome by the strong attractions between the ions and the polar water molecules. It breaks off into INDIVIDUAL cations and anions.
The number of equivalents of solute per liter of solution.