PE

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Author:
_maisyemily
ID:
212638
Filename:
PE
Updated:
2013-04-10 09:51:33
Tags:
PE Unit
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Description:
PE UNIT 2
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  1. What are the functions of the skeleton?
    • 1) Protection of internal organs
    • 2) Movement
    • 3) Structure and support
    • 4) Production of red and white blood cells
    • 5) Storage of minerals
  2. Name all 20 bones in the body
    • Cranium       Mandibles       Meta-Tarsels
    • Clavicle       Scapula       Phlanges
    • Sternum       Ribs       Tibia
    • Humerous       Radius       Fibula
    • Ulna       Femur       Meta-Carpels
    • Patella       Tarsels       Carpels
    • Pelvis
    •      
  3. What are joints? Name the three types of joints
    • Two or more bones meet
    • 1) Fixed
    • 2) Slightly Moveable
    • 3) Moveable (Synovial Joints)
  4. Name the types of moveable joints
    • 1) Ball and Socket
    • 2) Pivot
    • 3) Hinge
    • 4) Condyloid
    • 5) Gliding
    • 6) Saddle
  5. List the ranges of movements joints can do
    • 1) Flexion (decreasing the angle)
    • 2) Extension (increasing the angle)
    • 3) Abduction (taking away from centre)
    • 4) Adduction (adding to the centre)
    • 5) Rotation (going in a circle)
  6. Name the parts that make up a synovial joint
    • Bursa - sac of fluid
    • Synovial Fluid - lubricates, stops friction (CAN CAUSE LOCKING IF DRY UP)
    • Cartilage - cusion, smooth (IF COME LOOSE V PAINFUL)
    • Tendon - Joins muscle to bone
    • Synovial Membrane - Shell around synovial fluid
    • Articulating Bones - bones which meet at the joint
  7. Name the muscles
    • 1) Pectorals
    • 2) Deltiods
    • 3) Biceps
    • 4) Abdominal
    • 5) Trapezius
    • 6) Latimus Dorsi
    • 7) Glueteals
    • 8) Hamstring
    • 8) Gastrocnemius
  8. What are the three different types of muscles?
    • Cardiac - automatic
    • Involuntary muscles - work at own free will (bacon)
    • Voluntary muscles - work in pairs, contracting and relaxing
  9. Agonist and Antagonist?
    • Agonist - Working muscle, hurting HELP IN PLACE BY SYNERGIST
    • Antagonist - Relaxing muscle

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