Science_04102013.txt

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Author:
caleb1
ID:
212665
Filename:
Science_04102013.txt
Updated:
2013-04-10 13:20:45
Tags:
nutrition skeletal system fat activity
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Caleb's Science Flash Cards
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  1. I am the frame that is made up of the bones that support the body.
    skeletal system
  2. I am the system in charge of pulling your bones to make your body move and I also make up many of your organs.
    muscular system
  3. I am the system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
    circulatory system
  4. I am the system in charge of getting oxygen to the body.
    respiratory system
  5. I am the system in charge of breaking down food into simple substances your body can use.
    digestive system
  6. I am the system in charge of getting rid of waste products your body cannot use.
    excretory system
  7. I am the system that consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
    nervous system
  8. I am the system that is made up of glands that produce hormones.
    endocrine system
  9. I am the system that helps the body fight germs
    immune system
  10. Name the 5 senses
    seeing, hearing, touching, taste and smell
  11. Name the 3 jobs of the skeletal system
    It gives the shape. It protects organs in the body. It works with the muscles to move the body.
  12. These bones fit together like a puzzle and are found in places like the skull.
    immovable joints
  13. These bones move only a small amount. They are found in places like the rib cage.
    gliding joints
  14. This joint works like a door opening and closing allowing bones to move back and forth in one direction.
    hinge joints
  15. The rounded end of one bone fits into a cup-like shape in the other. These joints allow the bones to move back and forth and in a circular motion and side to side.
    ball-and-socket joint
  16. This joint can move up and down and side to side. It is found between the skull and neck.
    pivot joint
  17. Materials in foods that a body uses to grow and stay healthy
    nutrients
  18. Blood vessels that carry blood AWAY from the heart
    arteries
  19. The bottom chamber of the heart
    ventricle
  20. This is the main muscle that controls breathing
    diaphragm
  21. The largest part of the brain
    cerebrum
  22. The part of the brain that controls your heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, and digestive muscles
    medulla
  23. The measurement of chemical energy in foods
    calories
  24. Chemicals that control body functions
    hormones
  25. These filter out harmful materials in the body and produce white blood cells to fight germs
    lymph nodes
  26. This type of muscle is attached to the bones and pulls the bones to move
    skeletal muscles
  27. This is the muscle found in the heart that contracts to squeeze the blood out of the heart and relaxes to fill the heart with blood.
    cardiac muscle
  28. This is the muscle type that makes up the internal organs and blood vessels
    smooth muscle
  29. How many bones are there in the adult body?
    206 bones
  30. Name the 3 kinds of joints.
    Immovable, partly movable, and movable
  31. Name the 4 kinds of movable joints.
    gliding joints, hinge joints, ball-and-socket, and pivot joints
  32. Name the tough cords that attach muscles to bones.
    tendons
  33. What do red blood cells do?
    carry oxygen and nutrients to cells
  34. What do white blood cells do?
    fight germs that enter the body
  35. What do we call the upper chambers of the heart?
    right and left atriums
  36. How big is a healthy human heart?
    the size of a fist
  37. What does air travel through to get to the bronchial tubes and lungs?
    the trachea
  38. How much does a lung weight?
    about one pound
  39. To which system do the sweat glands belong?
    excretory system
  40. Name the tiny finger-like projections in the small intestine used to absorb digested food.
    villi
  41. What do the kidneys and liver work to remove from the body?
    urea
  42. Name the 2 parts of the nervous system.
    Central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the outer nervous system (nerves)
  43. Where is the cerebellum located?
    below the cerebrum
  44. Name two vitamins and minerals bones need.
    calcium and phosphorus
  45. Name two kinds of carbohydrates.
    starch and sugar
  46. A main source of energy (ex. sugar and starch)
    carbohydrates
  47. Keeps the body tissues healthy and protects from illness. Found in plants and animals.
    vitamins
  48. ________ mainly come from the earth, helps your blood; muscles and nervous system grow and function. (ex. calcium, iron, and zinc)
    minerals
  49. _______ are part of every living cell - helps the body grow and repair cells. Found in dairy products, meats, and nuts.
    proteins
  50. ____ help the body use other nutrients and store vitamins, keep the body warm and helps the brain and other tissues work. Essential in all diets.
    fats
  51. _____ helps remove waste, protect joints, and regulate the body's temperature.
    water
  52. What is the recommended daily allowance of grains?
    6 to 11 servings
  53. What is the recommended daily allowance of fruits?
    2 to 4 servings
  54. What is the recommended daily allowance of vegetables?
    3 to 5 servings
  55. What is the recommended daily allowance of meat and fish?
    2 to 3 servings
  56. What is the recommended daily allowance of dairy products?
    2 to 3 servings
  57. What does the USDA recommend that you use sparingly?
    fats
  58. How often should activity be substituted for inactivity?
    daily
  59. How many times a week should aerobic activities (gymnastics, swimming, running) be practiced?
    3 to 5 times a week
  60. How regular should leisure activities (frisbee, wiffleball, flying kites) be practiced in a week?
    2 to 3 times a week
  61. On how many occasions should inactive pastimes be practiced?
    occasionally

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