Card Set Information
nutrition skeletal system fat activity
Caleb's Science Flash Cards
I am the frame that is made up of the bones that support the body.
I am the system in charge of pulling your bones to make your body move and I also make up many of your organs.
I am the system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
I am the system in charge of getting oxygen to the body.
I am the system in charge of breaking down food into simple substances your body can use.
I am the system in charge of getting rid of waste products your body cannot use.
I am the system that consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
I am the system that is made up of glands that produce hormones.
I am the system that helps the body fight germs
Name the 5 senses
seeing, hearing, touching, taste and smell
Name the 3 jobs of the skeletal system
It gives the shape. It protects organs in the body. It works with the muscles to move the body.
These bones fit together like a puzzle and are found in places like the skull.
These bones move only a small amount. They are found in places like the rib cage.
This joint works like a door opening and closing allowing bones to move back and forth in one direction.
The rounded end of one bone fits into a cup-like shape in the other. These joints allow the bones to move back and forth and in a circular motion and side to side.
This joint can move up and down and side to side. It is found between the skull and neck.
Materials in foods that a body uses to grow and stay healthy
Blood vessels that carry blood AWAY from the heart
The bottom chamber of the heart
This is the main muscle that controls breathing
The largest part of the brain
The part of the brain that controls your heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, and digestive muscles
The measurement of chemical energy in foods
Chemicals that control body functions
These filter out harmful materials in the body and produce white blood cells to fight germs
This type of muscle is attached to the bones and pulls the bones to move
This is the muscle found in the heart that contracts to squeeze the blood out of the heart and relaxes to fill the heart with blood.
This is the muscle type that makes up the internal organs and blood vessels
How many bones are there in the adult body?
Name the 3 kinds of joints.
Immovable, partly movable, and movable
Name the 4 kinds of movable joints.
gliding joints, hinge joints, ball-and-socket, and pivot joints
Name the tough cords that attach muscles to bones.
What do red blood cells do?
carry oxygen and nutrients to cells
What do white blood cells do?
fight germs that enter the body
What do we call the upper chambers of the heart?
right and left atriums
How big is a healthy human heart?
the size of a fist
What does air travel through to get to the bronchial tubes and lungs?
How much does a lung weight?
about one pound
To which system do the sweat glands belong?
Name the tiny finger-like projections in the small intestine used to absorb digested food.
What do the kidneys and liver work to remove from the body?
Name the 2 parts of the nervous system.
Central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the outer nervous system (nerves)
Where is the cerebellum located?
below the cerebrum
Name two vitamins and minerals bones need.
calcium and phosphorus
Name two kinds of carbohydrates.
starch and sugar
A main source of energy (ex. sugar and starch)
Keeps the body tissues healthy and protects from illness. Found in plants and animals.
________ mainly come from the earth, helps your blood; muscles and nervous system grow and function. (ex. calcium, iron, and zinc)
_______ are part of every living cell - helps the body grow and repair cells. Found in dairy products, meats, and nuts.
____ help the body use other nutrients and store vitamins, keep the body warm and helps the brain and other tissues work. Essential in all diets.
_____ helps remove waste, protect joints, and regulate the body's temperature.
What is the recommended daily allowance of grains?
6 to 11 servings
What is the recommended daily allowance of fruits?
2 to 4 servings
What is the recommended daily allowance of vegetables?
3 to 5 servings
What is the recommended daily allowance of meat and fish?
2 to 3 servings
What is the recommended daily allowance of dairy products?
2 to 3 servings
What does the USDA recommend that you use sparingly?
How often should activity be substituted for inactivity?
How many times a week should aerobic activities (gymnastics, swimming, running) be practiced?
3 to 5 times a week
How regular should leisure activities (frisbee, wiffleball, flying kites) be practiced in a week?
2 to 3 times a week
On how many occasions should inactive pastimes be practiced?