Art Praxis

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HopeFoster
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212702
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Art Praxis
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2013-04-13 02:08:08
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  1. art is often considered a means of connecting people with supernatural forces
    Spirituality
  2. art used to depict people and behaviors that are considered noble and good
    Moral/Ethics
  3. cultures create art for only it's visual appeal/pleasure it brings to those who understand and appreciate the creative efforts of the artists

    branch of philosophy concerned with identifying the clues withing works of art that can be used to understand, judge, and defend judgements about those works
    Aesthetics
  4. the design/decoration of functional objects to make them pleasing to the eye
    Applied arts
  5. painting, sculpture, and architectural arts that have no practical function and value in terms of pleasure they give or success in communicating ideas/feelings
    Fine Arts
  6. a color theory in which 2 or more colors are put side by side
    Color Juxtaposition
  7. element of art that refers to an enclosed space that is 2D or flat and therefore limited to the dimensions of length and width

    element of art
    Shape
  8. freestanding sculpture meant to be seen on all sides
    Sculpture-In-the-Round
  9. relative size or ratio of an object as compared to others of it's kind, to different objects, to its environment, or to the human figure

    ratio of an object as related to other parts of the same object
    Scale
  10. involves the repetition of the elements of art to create the illusion of movement, visual beat, or tempo

    principle of design
    Rhythm
  11. sculptural technique in which the design is a raised surface on a flat background
    Relief
  12. organized pattern or design emanating from the center of a circular format

    usually has symmetrical properties
    Radial Balance
  13. a rhythm created by a change in pattern or line that develops as it is repeated

    such as large to small
    Progressive
  14. maybe described as the relationship between objects with respect to size, number, etc.

    principle of design
    Proportion
  15. transferring an image from one prepared surface to another to produce one or more copies
    Printmaking
  16. repetition of anything in a design (shapes, lines, colors)
    Pattern
  17. 20th century art style that uses the intersection of colors, shapes and patterns with the picture plan to create images with the illusion of movement and/or depth
    Op Art
  18. network of uniformity or randomly spaced intersecting lines
    Non-Measured Grids
  19. geometric patterns used to create 3D forms
    Nets
  20. the way in which elements of art are organized so the viewer's eye is led through the work of art in a systematic way

    principle of design
    Movement
  21. a print in which ink or paint is applied to a flat surface and paper laid upon it to make a print which will be one-of-a-kind
    Monoprint
  22. a color scheme that uses only one hue and the tints, tones, and shades of that hue
    Monochromatic
  23. shaping clay or other pliable material by pinching, pulling, or other manipulation
    Modeling
  24. a technique used by floating a pigment on a liquid surface and transferring it to paper or another surface using painting techniques to simulate the appearance of marble
    Marbleizing
  25. relief sculpture with slightly raised or indented areas on a flat surface
    Low Relief
  26. the way a line looks

    direction, texture, size, degree of curve, length, or width
    Line Characteristics
  27. referring to a mark on any surface

    element of art
    Line
  28. color made by mixing a primary color and a secondary color
    Intermediate or Tertiary Color
  29. texture in a work that's perceived by the viewer but has no physical form
    Implied Texture
  30. the way objects or a series of points are arranged to produce the effect of seeing a line in a work when a line is not actually present
    Implied Line
  31. pictorial representation
    Icon
  32. an aesthetic theory that places emphasis on realistic representation
    Imitationalism
  33. the way of combining elements of art to accent their similarities and to bind the picture parts into a whole

    principle of design
    Harmony
  34. way of combining elements of art by using a series of changes in those elements

    dark to light, large to small, smooth to rough

    principle of design
    Gradation
  35. a line made with loose movements using the large muscle of your arm rather than the small muscles of your hand and wrist

    done quickly to capture movement
    Gesture Line
  36. artwork that has an intended purpose other than aesthetic beauty
    Functional Artworks
  37. aesthetic theory that places an emphasis on the elements of art and principles of design
    Formalism
  38. artwork created from any threadlike fiber material that can be shaped or joined together

    needlework, weaving, quilting, knot work, batik, dying, basket weaving, lace making, sewing
    Fiber Arts
  39. an aesthetic theory that places emphasis on the viewer's feelings, moods, or emotions in response to a work of art
    Emotionalism
  40. method of intaglio painting in which the image is scratched into the surface of the printing plate with a steel needle

    lines and tones in the printed image often have a velvety appearance
    Drypoint
  41. line that refers to actual or implied movement, or an angle or a point of view

    may provide structural and basic organization for a drawing
    Directional
  42. looking at real life and actual objects to create art
    Direct Observation
  43. juxtaposition of dissimilar elements in a work of art

    a way of combining art elements to stress the differences between those elements

    principle of design
    Contrast
  44. look and feeling of action guiding the viewer's eye throughout a work of art
    Compositional Movement
  45. colors directly across one another on the color wheel and when used together create an optical vibration or when mixed together will tend to subdue intensities and produce a grayed line
    Complementary Colors
  46. study of spectral colors and their interrelationships
    Color Theory
  47. plans for organizing colors, which include monochromatic, analogous, triad, split complementary, complementary, warm, and cool
    Color Schemes
  48. a print made by printing plates of a low relief collage
    Collagraph
  49. artwork made by attaching various materials to a surface

    to put together
    Collage
  50. visual focal point of an artwork

    the part of a composition that is first to attract attention

    area of dominance in a piece
    Center of Interest
  51. sculptural technique in which a liquid is poured into a mold and hardens into a form
    Casting
  52. 2D or 3D artistic composition made by combining various objects

    an additive method
    Assemblage
  53. ways artists communicate ideas and feelings
    Artistic Expression
  54. describing, analyzing, interpreting and judging a work of art
    Art Criticism
  55. colors that are next to one another on the color wheel with one hue in common
    Analogous Colors
  56. a pattern that occurs when different elements in a work of art repeat themselves in a predictable order
    Alternating
  57. various ideologies used to study the nature and value of art
    Aesthetic Theories
  58. texture of real or authentic objects

    the way a surface of a real object feels to the sense of touch
    Actual or Tactile Texture
  59. more formal type of balance that takes into account qualities like hue, intensity, size, shape, and value
    Asymmetrical Balance
  60. a way of combining elements of stress the differences in elements

    principle of design
    Emphasis
  61. formal balance in which 2 halves of a art work are identical or mirror one another
    Symmetrical Balance
  62. a way of combining elements to add a feeling of equilibrium or stability to a work

    principle of design
    Balance
  63. sculptural technique in which a tool is used to cut away materials to create a desired form
    Carving
  64. blend of elements and principles that results when all parts hold together to produce the best possible effect
    Design
  65. the distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things

    can be 2D or 3D

    elements of art
    Space
  66. the space inside a form
    Volume
  67. outside size and bulk of a form
    Mass
  68. 2D area clearly set off by one or more of the other visual elements such as color, value, line, texture and space

    element of art
    Shape
  69. an object with 3 dimensions

    element of art
    Form
  70. refers to the way things feel or look as if they might feel if touched

    element of art
    Texture
  71. imaginary line that traces through an object or several objects in a picture
    Axis Line
  72. when artists try to eliminate or conceal the outline of an object in pictures
    Painterly
  73. used by artists to place importance on contours or outlines to add unity or interest to paintings
    Linear
  74. type of line used to show the edges or contours of an object
    Contour Line
  75. a continuous mark made on some surface by a moving point

    element of art
    Line
  76. hues or lightness or darkness

    change in value by adding black or white to a color

    element of art
    Value
  77. quality of brightness an purity of or in a color
    Intensity
  78. name of a color
    Hue
  79. element made up of 3 distinct qualities: hue, intensity and value

    element of art
    Color
  80. artists uniqueness to the ways they use the elements of principles
    Artistic Style
  81. the look and feel of wholeness or oneness in a work of art

    principle of design
    Unity
  82. unique expressions of ideas, beliefs, experiences and feelings presented in well-designed visual forms
    Visual Arts
  83. art serving as a tool of persuasion or propaganda when it's used to convince people to adapt a certain point of view or enhance the power of a ruler or political party
    Politics
  84. artworks that provide valuable info about important people, places, and events
    History
  85. Color, Value, Line, Texture, Shape, Space, Form

    basic components or building blocks of art
    Elements of Art
  86. *Balance, *Proportion, *Rhythm, *Emphasis, *Unity, Harmony, Gradation, Variety, Movement

    different ways the elements can be used in a work of art
    Principles of Design
  87. stresses the importance of the elements and principles rather than subject matter of a piece

    artists select and then exaggerate or simplify the forms suggested by the world around them
    Abstract Art
  88. 20th century painting style where artists apply paint freely to huge canvases in an effort to show feeling or emotion rather than realistic subject matter
    Abstract Expressionism
  89. sun-dried clay
    Adobe
  90. ax-like tool with an arched blade at right angles to the handle
    Adze
  91. achieved by using hue, value, and intensity to show distance in a painting
    Aerial or Atmospheric Perspective
  92. qualities that can increase our understanding of artworks and serve as the criteria on which judgements are based
    Aesthetic Qualities
  93. a scholar who specializes in the study of the nature of beauty and art
    Aesthetician
  94. a semi-circular aisle curving around the apse of a church behind the main altar
    Ambulatory
  95. semi-circular area at the end of the nave of a church
    Apse
  96. channel system that carried water from mountain streams into cities by using gravitational flow
    Aqueduct
  97. art and science of designing and constructing structures that enclose space to meet a variety of human needs
    Architecture
  98. persons of high rank or privilege
    Aristocracy
  99. popular name identifying the group of artists who made realistic pictures of the most ordinary features of the contemporary scene
    Ashcan School
  100. an art style characterized by movement, vivid contrast and emotional intensity
    Baroque Art
  101. half-round stone ceiling made by placing a series of round arches from front to back
    Tunnel or Barrel Vault
  102. sculpture in which the forms project only slightly from the background
    Bas Relief
  103. type of building erected to hold large numbers of people
    Basilica
  104. large enclosed Roman structures that contained libraries, lecture rooms, gymnasiums, pools, shops, restaurants, and pleasant walkways
    Baths
  105. liquid that hold together the grains of pigment in paint
    Binder
  106. roller used to ink a surface by hand in printmaking
    Brayer
  107. religious belief based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, who held that suffering is a part of life but that mental and moral self-purification can bring about a state of illumination, carrying the believer beyond suffering and material existence
    Buddhism
  108. a steel engraving tool
    Burin
  109. a support or brace that counteracts the outward thrust of an arch or vault
    Buttress
  110. art of European Roman Empire whose paintings and mosaics are characterized by a rich use of color and figures that seem flat and stiff
    Byzantine Art
  111. bell tower, near or attached to, a church
    Campanile
  112. natural views of people
    Candid
  113. the top element of a pillar or column
    Capital
  114. underground tunnels in which early Christians met and buried their dead, some contained chapels and meeting rooms
    Catacombs
  115. arrangement of dramatic contrasts of light and shadow
    Chiaroscuro
  116. open court or garden and the covered walkway under it
    Cloister
  117. indented panel used for decoration in a ceiling or vault
    Coffer
  118. a line of columns supporting lintels or arches
    Colonnade
  119. an upright post used to bear weight and usually consist of a base at the bottom, a shaft, and a capital
    Column
  120. inwardly curved
    Concave
  121. subject matter in a work of art
    Content
  122. way of sculpting a human figure in a natural pose with the weight of the body balanced on one leg while the other is free and relaxed
    Contrapposto
  123. outwardly curved
    Convex
  124. associated with water, sky, spring, and foliage and suggest coolness

    opposite the warm colors on the color wheel
    Cool Colors
  125. columns with elongated capitals decorated with leaves
    Corinthian Order
  126. a horizontal element positioned across the top of a frieze
    Cornice
  127. an effort by the Catholic church to lure people back to regain it's former power
    Counter-Reformation
  128. standards for judgement of art works

    the rules and principles used for evaluation
    Criteria
  129. 20th century art movement where artists tried to show all sides of 3D objects on a flat canvas
    Cubism
  130. writing with wedge-shaped characters
    Cuneiform
  131. a museum employee that is responsible for securing and exhibiting artworks for the general public and scholars to view
    Curator
  132. early 20th century art movement the ridiculed contemporary culture and traditional art forms
    Dada
  133. how well the work is organized, or put together

    this aesthetic quality is favored by formalism
    Design Qualities
  134. a slanted direction of a line that suggests movement and tension
    Diagonal Lines
  135. hemispheric vault or ceiling placed on walls that that enclose a circular or square space
    Dome
  136. simple, heavy columns without a base, topped by a broad plain capital
    Doric Order
  137. those media that are applied dry such as pencil, charcoal, crayon, and chalk or pastel
    Dry Media
  138. a period during which a single family provided a succession of rulers
    Dynasty
  139. a period that dates from C AD 476-1050
    Early Medieval
  140. style composed of elements drawn from various sources
    Eclectic Style
  141. qualities having to do with the meaning, mood or idea communicated to the viewer through a work of art

    exhibiting this aesthetic quality is favored by emotionalists
    Expressive Qualities
  142. the front of a building that accents the entrance and usually prepares the visitor for the architectural style
    Facade
  143. artists whose paintings were so simple in design, so brightly colored, and so loose in brushwork that an enraged called them this which means Wild Beast
    Fauves
  144. early 20th century style of painting in France

    Henry Matisse was the leader
    Fauvism
  145. system in which weak noblemen gave up their lands and much of their freedom to more powerful lords in return for protection
    Feudalism
  146. a way of drawing figures or objects according to the rules of perspective so that they appear to recede or protrude in 3D space
    Foreshadowing
  147. method of painting in which pigments are applied to a thin layer of wet plaster so that they will be absorbed and the painting becomes part of the wall
    Fresco
  148. decorative horizontal band running across the upper part of the wall
    Frieze
  149. refers to the intended use or purpose of an object and usually applies to manufactured products, particularly crafts and can be used to talk about architecture
    Function
  150. grotesque carved monsters that project out from the upper portions of huge churches
    Gargoyles
  151. name given to the years 900-700 BC when geometric shapes were used on Greek pottery
    Geometric Period
  152. representation of people
    Genre
  153. mixture of glue and a white pigment such as chalk, plaster, or white clay
    Gesso
  154. period that began in France around the middle of 12th century and lasted unto the end of the 15th or 16th century
    Gothic
  155. oral historians who are also musicians and performers
    Griots
  156. vault formed when 2 barrel vaults meet at a right angel
    Groin Vault
  157. 20th century art movement in painting where the edges of shapes are crisp and precise rather than blurred
    Hard-Edged
  158. period of Mediterranean culture influenced by Greece following the conquests of Alexander the Great

    expression of inner emotions was more important than beauty to the artists of this period
    Hellenistic
  159. characters and picture-writing used by the ancient Egyptians
    Hieroglyphics
  160. sculptured forms extend boldly out into space from the flat surface if the relief sculpture
    High Relief
  161. an interest in the art and literature of ancient Greece and Roman
    Humanism
  162. manuscript paintings particularly those done during the Medieval period
    Illuminations
  163. a manuscript, popular during the medieval period, in which pages are decorated with silver, gold, and rich colors

    they often contain small pictures know as miniatures or illuminations
    Illuminated Manuscripts
  164. process in which ink is forced to fill lines that are cut into a metal surface
    Intaglio
  165. Eskimos inhabiting the area from Greenland to western arctic Canada
    Inuit
  166. brilliantly colored and patterned fabric
    Kente Cloth
  167. central and highest top stone in an arch
    Keystone
  168. sculptural form that actually moves in space such as mobile art
    Kinetic Art
  169. circular underground structure that serves as a spiritual and social center in Pueblo cultures
    Kiva
  170. holy scripture of Islam
    Koran
  171. Greek statue of a clothed maiden
    Kore
  172. Greek statue of a male youth who may have been a god or athlete
    Kouros
  173. painting, photography, or other work of art that shows natural scenery such as valleys, mountains, trees, rivers, and lakes
    Landscape
  174. graphic system that showed artists how to create the illusion of depth and volume on a flat surface
    Linear Perspective
  175. horizontal beam spanning an opening between 2 walls/posts
    Lintel
  176. realistic presentation of subject matter in a work of art
    Literal Qualities
  177. printmaking method in which the image to be printed is drawn on limestone, zinc, or aluminum surface with a special greasy crayon
    Lithography
  178. graphic representation of a company name or trademark

    people who design such identifying symbols are known as graphic designers
    Logo
  179. wax model that is coated to form a mold, heated in a kiln, and the wax melts and is allowed to run out
    Lost Wax or Cire-Perdue
  180. European art style that rejected the calm balance of High Renaissance in favor of emotion and distortion
    Mannerism
  181. low, rectangular Egyptian tomb made of mud bricks with sloping sides and a flat top, covering a burial chamber
    Mastaba
  182. act of focusing thoughts on a single object or idea and is an important element in the Buddhist religion
    Meditation
  183. material used by an artist to produce a work of art
    Medium
  184. large monument created by huge stone slabs
    Megalith
  185. a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca and is large enough to accommodate a single standing figure
    Mihrab
  186. spiral tower attached to a mosque
    Minaret
  187. use of several different materials in one work of art
    Mixed Media
  188. construction made of shapes that are balanced and arranged on wire arms and suspended from a ceiling or base so as to move freely in the air currents
    Mobile
  189. sculpture technique where soft, pliable material is built up and shaped into sculptural forms
    Modeling
  190. way of life in which individuals joined together is in isolated communities called monasteries spend their days in prayer and self denial
    Monasticism
  191. decoration made with small pieces of glass and stone set in cement
    Mosaic
  192. prayer caller
    Muezzin

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