Global Studies FInal

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jeryhou
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21276
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Global Studies FInal
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2010-05-30 12:40:27
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notes on global studies
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  1. Holy Land
    Jerusalem
  2. Crusaders are marked with a...
    Cross
  3. Expeditions to recover holy land
    crusades
  4. The Crusades were reasons inspired by...
    Faith
  5. People who died in the crusades would go to...
    Heaven
  6. At a military stand point, which crusade did not fail
    The First Crusade
  7. What was introduced after the Crusades?
    crossbow and Gunpowder
  8. new _____ tactics
    siege
  9. for Europe, after the sucess of the first crusade, what happened
    papel prestige
  10. the decline of...
    Faudalism
  11. europeans echanged ____ and had ______ exchanges
    • ideas
    • commercial
  12. The 4 small states:
    • -edessa
    • -antioch
    • -tripoli
    • -jerusalem
  13. 1st people to build a trade economy
    venice
  14. held in towns, drew large crowds, variety of goods, and once a year
    trade fairs
  15. locally produced goods, everyday
    markets
  16. promise to pay back
    credit
  17. most lenders were of what religion
    jewish
  18. craftspeople organized themselves into
    guild
  19. guilds provided what to the people in them
    mutual protection
  20. child wanting to learn a craft
    apprentice
  21. traveled from workshop to workshop
    journeyman
  22. women could do what trade
    textiles
  23. in cities, streets were
    crowded
  24. cities were ___ because of fire and crimes
    dangerous
  25. there was no ________ in cities
    sanitation
  26. cities spread ____ and new ____ to medieval europe
    • arts
    • ideas
  27. people who sang in castle, courts and towns
    troubadours
  28. the second and third form of the vernacular literature
    • 2.national epic
    • 3.romances
  29. short comic stories in rhymed verse, mocked chivalary, critized clergy
    fabliaux
  30. had religious and biblical subjects as themes
    dramas
  31. wrote the divine comedy, father of modern italian
    Dante Alighier
  32. Wrote canterbury tales, wrote in middle english
    Geoffrey Chaucer
  33. the education system resembled who
    Aristotle and Plato
  34. there was a ______ to go to school
    fee
  35. 4 universities:
    • -Paris university
    • -Oxford university
    • -University of Bologna
    • -University of Salerno
  36. each university had their own what
    special study
  37. how to improve oneself through reason
    scholasticism
  38. wrote the Sic et non
    Peter Aberlard
  39. Showed inconsistencies of the church
    Sic et Non
  40. wrote the summa theologiae
    Thomas Aquinas
  41. the belief that God's influence was carried by light
    Optics
  42. dome stoned roof, few small windows, sculptuer, and frescoes
    Romanesque Architecture
  43. outside had spires, large windows and pointed arches, inside had statues and stained glass window
    gothic architecture
  44. beliefs that opposed official teaching of the church
    heresy
  45. people who took part in heresy
    heretics
  46. crusade against herestics
    wars
  47. war that started in 1328, when a french king dies without an heir
    hundred years war
  48. peasant woman from france, saints told her to fight
    Joan of Arc
  49. 2 familes of england fight of throne
    war of the roses
  50. lancasters?
    red rose
  51. yorks?
    white rose
  52. nobleman from ____ family takes over
    Tudor
  53. years of the black death
    1347-1351
  54. how many million people died in the black death
    25
  55. the black death ended what system
    manorial
  56. study of one's culture
    antropology
  57. study of human materials
    Archaeology
  58. "handy man"
    Homo-bilis
  59. "up-right man"
    Homo-erectus
  60. "wise man"
    homo-sapians
  61. new stone age
    Neolithic era
  62. old stone age
    Paleolithic era
  63. selective breeding or growing of plants and animals for humans
    domestication
  64. first animal to be domesticated
    dogs
  65. lived close together, houses mad of mud and bricks, and population grew
    early farming societies
  66. 4 river valley civilizations
    • -tigris and euphrates
    • -nile
    • -indus
    • -huang he (yellow river)
  67. three causes for changes in civilization
    • -environment
    • -movement of people
    • -conflicts
  68. worlds 1st civilization
    mesopotamia
  69. what lie between tigris and the euphrates rivers, ( east and west )
    Fertile Cresent
  70. warlike indo-europeans, settled in asia minor, developed in sw asia
    hittite
  71. three part so f the hittite chariots
    • - 1 man drove
    • -1 man fought
    • -1 man sheilded
  72. empire built off trade, invented glass blowing, alphabet
    Phoenicans
  73. the phoenician alphabet had __ letters and they were all _____
    • 22
    • consonants
  74. made calendar of the moon
    Chaldean
  75. war machine, grew barley, raised cattle, iron weapons
    Assyrians
  76. worlds first empire, summarian main language, cuniform written language
    sargon
  77. fertile cresent was in
    southwest asia
  78. lower egypt was most of this and upper egypt was south of this
    nile delta
  79. what prevented invasions
    cataracts
  80. married a Hittites princess and ruled for 60 years: built more temples and monuments than anyone else
    Ramses II (the great)
  81. pictures and symbols to represent sounds and ideas
    hieroglyphics
  82. she increased trade, only woman pharaoh
    Hatshepsut
  83. heavy rain with seasonal winds
    monsoons
  84. soul that is aspect of Brahman
    Atmah
  85. buddha's real name
    Siddhartha Gautama
  86. the act of enlightenment
    Buddhism
  87. steps that lead to enlightenment
    eight fold path
  88. eightfold path:
    • right view
    • right attitude
    • right speech
    • right action
    • right livelihood
    • right'effort
    • right ,mindfulness
    • right concentration
  89. four noble truths
    • 1. Suffering is part of human life
    • 2. suffering comes from people's desire for pleasure
    • 3. overcoming desire brings suffering to an end
    • 4. desires can be overcome by eightfold path
  90. 3 types of buddhism
    • theravada
    • mahayana
    • tibetan
  91. shang dynasty: writing tied to ...
    oracle bones
  92. shang dynasty: worked with _____ and huge _____ structures
    • bronze
    • stable
  93. shang dynasty: was built off the phases of the moon
    calendar
  94. shang dynasty: one of the world's first system of...
    money
  95. people should retreat from laws of society, believe in laws of nature
    daoism
  96. express love and respect for others, thru rituals and manners
    confucianism
  97. mountain ranges cut up mainland, good soil
    setting of greece
  98. greek word for city state
    polis
  99. when darius tightened rule and raised taxes, revolts broke out and began a series fo conflicts called the...
    persian wars
  100. athenian army defeated Persian Army at
    battle of Marathon
  101. a symbol of resistence against overwhelming odds
    battle of Thermoplae
  102. athenians and spartans combined to defeated persians at ...
    battle of Plataea
  103. athenians defeated persians in a narrow strait
    Battle of Salamis
  104. bypassed dorian invaders, city was built inland and had a rocky fortified hill around it, society: citizens, metics, and slaves, based on trade
    athens
  105. dorian invaders forced the people to work for them, city was built in a valley, society: equals, half-citizens, helot, based on military
    sparta
  106. three groups of society, governments consisted of men, military rulers served 1 year terms, believed in greek gods
    SPARTA AND ATHLENS
  107. sparta and persia were able to block food to athens, sparta wins
    Peloponnesian war
  108. ruler and government owned most of land, decline of polis, middle class expanded, pi and geometry system, human anatomy, trigonometry, math was used to calculate positions of stars and planets, earth was round
    hellenistic age
  109. time between alex's death and roman conquest
    Hellenistic Age
  110. white marble temple, built in honnor of Athena, finest example of greek architecture
    Parthenon
  111. alexander's empire broke into what three kingdoms
    • -Macedonia
    • -Syria
    • -Egypt
  112. divine reason directs the world, accepts whatever nature brings
    Stoics
  113. no definite knowledge is possible, everything is challenging
    Skeptics
  114. aim of life focuses on seeking pleasure and avoiding pain
    Epicureans
  115. people should live according to nature
    Cynics
  116. One of history's greastest thinkers and teachers, criticized Athenian education, taught by engagiong students in logical discussions, "know thyself"
    Socrates
  117. way of teaching involved persistent questioning
    socratic method
  118. one of socrates' students, founded academy, wrote dialogues, ideal government aristocracy
    Plato
  119. concept o f ideal organizationn of society
    Republic
  120. one of Plato's students, collected facts and organized into systems, goal of investigating every known field of knowledge, collected described and classified plants and animals
    Aristotle
  121. what type of government did Rome have?
    Republic
  122. most important and powerful, 300 members, controlled publics funds, determined foreign policy, sometimes a court
    Senate
  123. voted on laws, elected officials, voted for war or peace, had tribunes
    Popular Assemblies
  124. 10 officials, approve senate bills and actions of public officials
    Tribunes
  125. officials govern in name of rome, two consuls, praetors, and censors
    Magistrates(officials)
  126. 1 year terms, chief exsecutive who ran government, military commander, appointed dictactors, checks and blances
    Consuls
  127. in war commanded armies, in peace oversaw legal system
    Praetors
  128. officals elected every 5 years, appoint candidates for senate, oversaw moral conduct for all citizens
    censors
  129. wars against carthage and rome
    Punic wars
  130. Ides of March
    March 15, 44 B.C.
  131. roman peace
    Pax Romana
  132. chariot races took place in...
    Circus Maximus
  133. wild beast fought each other and gladiators were in the...
    Coliseum
  134. 3 reasons why Rome collapsed
    threat of invasion, emperor becomes military dictatorship, coins contained less value

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