Gov't Unit 6

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TJB
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212790
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Gov't Unit 6
Updated:
2013-04-11 22:01:34
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Gov Unit
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Test study
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  1. In order to help separate the federal courts from the influence of politics the framers of the Constitution did all of the following except
    A. allows the Senate to approve the selection of judges
    B. forbids former members of congress from being appointed to the courts
    C. states that judges' compensation can not be lowered
    D. allowed the judges to serve for life
    E. have judges appointed by the President
    B. forbids former members of congress from being appointed to the courts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Article 5 of the U.S. Constitution specifically states that the Constitution can never be amended to change which of the following?
    A. the size of the Supreme Court
    B. that all states must have the same number of Senators
    C. the number of members in the House of Representatives
    D. that federal court judges be allowed to serve for life
    E. the requirement that the President be a natural born citizen
    B. that all states must have the same number of Senators
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The Supreme Court's chief weapon in the system of checks and balances is the
    A. advisory opinion it exercises
    B. original jurisdiction it enjoys
    C. place it occupies in public opinion
    D. power to hand down per curiam opinions
    E. judicial review it exercises
    E. judicial review it exercises
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. A judicial activist is a judge who holds
    A. that courts should make but not interpret laws
    B. that courts should make as well as interpret laws
    C. that courts merely apply the law and enforce norms
    D. a conservative ideology
    E. a liberal ideology
    B. that courts should make as well as interpret laws
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following is most likely to be true of an activist judge?
    A. he/she feels constrained by precedent
    B. he/she is liberal politically
    C. he/she is an interpretivist
    D. he/she is conservative politically
    E. he/she is bound by the wording in the U.S. Constitution
    B. he/she is liberal politically
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which courts are mandated by the U.S. Constitution?
    A. the Supreme Court only
    B. the Supreme and appellate courts
    C. the Supreme, appellate, and district courts
    D. constitutional and legislative courts
    E. legislative courts
    A. the Supreme Court only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Senatorial courtesy is an especially important consideration in nominations to
    A. courts of appeal
    B. legislative courts
    C. intermediate appellate courts
    D. district courts
    E. constitutional courts
    D. district courts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The litmus test is perhaps of greatest importance in nominations to
    A. constitutional courts
    B. the Supreme Court
    C. legislative courts
    D. district courts
    E. courts of appeal
    B. the Supreme Court
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The dual-court system of the U.S. refers to
    A. federal and state courts
    B. legislative and constitutional courts
    C. trial and appellate courts
    D. criminal and civil courts
    E. statutory and common law courts
    A. federal and state courts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. California is suing Arizona over the use of the Colorado River. The case will be heard by
    A. a federal district court
    B. the U.S. Court of Claims
    C. the Supreme Court of California
    D. the U.S. Supreme Court
    E. the Supreme Court of Arizona
    D. the U.S. Supreme Court
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A writ of certiorari is issued by
    A. the defendant in a federal case
    B. the plaintiff in a federal case
    C. the Supreme Court
    D. a lower court, usually the Appellate Court
    E. the Attorney General
    C. the Supreme Court
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Fee shifting refers to the practice of
    A. having attorneys adjust their fees according to experience and the damages awarded
    B. dividing attorneys' fees among all participants in a class action suit
    C. reducing fees if the votes of appellate court judges are divided
    D. getting the government to pay the fees of all parties
    E. getting the loser to pay court costs
    E. getting the loser to pay court costs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Under the doctrine of sovereign immunity, a citizen cannot
    A. bring the same suit to courts in two different states
    B. appeal a case that has already been ruled on by the Supreme Court
    C. sue the government without its consent
    D. appeal a case that was decided more than a year earlier
    E. bring two suits against one individual for the same crime
    C. sue the government without its consent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. An amicus curiae ("friend of the court") brief provides the court with the view held by
    A. the Executive Office of the President
    B. the House and Senate Judiciary Committees
    C. the American Bar Association
    D. the Justice Department
    E. an organization which is not a direct party to the case, but has interest in the outcome
    E. an organization which is not a direct party to the case, but has interest in the outcome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The procedure of judicial review was clearly established in
    A. Brown v. Board of Education
    B. the Preamble of the Constitution
    C. Marbury v. Madison
    D. Article III of the Constitution
    E. Plessy v. Ferguson
    C. Marbury v. Madison
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The case of a U.S. citizen bringing a suit against the federal government would be heard first in the
    A. Court of Appeals
    B. Supreme Court
    C. District Court
    D. Court of Claims
    E. Tax Court
    D. Court of Claims
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The term "stare decisis" means
    A. "let the decision stand"
    B. "separate but equal"
    C. "after the fact"
    D. "judicial review"
    E. "decided by the court"
    A. "let the decision stand"
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. A judicial decision that establishes a rule for settling subsequent cases of similar nature is termed
    A. precedent
    B. writ of mandamus
    C. amicus curiae
    D. landmark decision
    E. writ of certiorari
    A. precedent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, for example, votes on the side of a majority of Supreme Court justices on a particular case even though her reasoning differs from the others. She may choose to express her reasons in a(n)
    A. concurring opinion
    B. per curiam opinion
    C. dissenting opinion
    D. plurality opinion
    E. opinion of the court
    A. concurring opinion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. If Justice Clarence Thomas was the only justice on the losing side of a Supreme Court decision he would have to write a(n)
    A. concurring opinion
    B. writ of dissention
    C. opinion of the court
    D. per curiam opinion
    E. dissenting opinion
    E. dissenting opinion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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