Chapter 12 Kine spine

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Author:
millertime
ID:
212862
Filename:
Chapter 12 Kine spine
Updated:
2013-04-11 10:06:32
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Spinal column
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spinal column
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  1. List how the spinal column is divided
    • Cervical - 7
    • Thoracic- 12
    • Lumbar - 5
    • Sacrum - 5
    • Coccyx - 4
  2. Define Lordosis
    Increased posterior concavity of lumbar and cervical curves

    INWARD
  3. Define Kyphosis
    Increased anterior concavity of thoracic curve

    Outward
  4. Define Lumbar Kyphosis
    reduction of normal lordotic curve

    Flat back appearance (no curve)
  5. Define Scoliosis
    Lateral curvatures or sideward deviations of the spine

    S shaped spine
  6. Herniated disk occurs?
    • Annulus fibrosus ruptures - nucleus pulposus leaks out form the center.
    • applies pressure on the nerves surrounding
  7. Muscles of the head (anterior, posterior, lateral)
    • Anterior (flexors)
    •   Rectus capitis anterior
    •   Longus capitis

    • Posterior (extensors)
    •   Longissimus capitis
    •   Obliquus capitis superior
    •   Obliquus capitis inferior
    •   Rectus capitis posterior
    •        Major and Minor
    •   Trapezius, superior fibers
    •   Splenius capitis
    •   Semispinalis capitis

    • Lateral
    •   Recuts capitis lateralis
    •   Sternocleidomastoid
  8. List muscle of Vertebral column (superficial, deep)
    • Superficial
    •   Erector spinae (sacrospinalis)
    •       Spinalis - capitis cercicis, thoracis
    •       Longissimus - cervicis, thoracis, lumnorum
    •   Splenius cervicis

    • Deep
    •   Longus colli -
    •        superior oblique, inferior oblique and vertical
    •   Interspinales
    •   Intertransversales
    •   Multifidus
    •   Psoas minor
    •   Rotators
    •   Semispinalis
  9. List the muscles of the Thorax
    • Diaphram
    • Intercostalis (ext & Int)
    • Levator costarum
    • Subcostales
    • Scalenus (ant, Post, Medius)
    • Serratus posterior (sup and Inferior)
    • Transverse thoracis
  10. 3 muscles, movements and exercises

    Sternocleidomastoid
    Both sides: ext head at atlantooccipital joint and flexion of neck

    Right side: rotation to left and lateral flexion to right

    Left side: rotation to right and lateral flexion to left

    • exercises
    •    4-way neck exercises
  11. 3 muscles, movements and exercises

    Spinalis (medial layer)
    • Ext, lat flex, Ipsilateral rotation of spine and head
    • Ant pelvic rotation
    • Lat pelvic rotation to contralateral side

    • exercises-
    •   bent over row, deadlift, hyperextension, pull up, rowing, squat
  12. 3 muscles, movements and exercises

    Longissimus (middle layer)
    • Ext, lat flex, Ipsilateral rotation of spine and head
    • Ant pelvic rotation
    • Lat pelvic rotation to contralateral side
    • exercises-  bent over row, deadlift, hyperextension, pull up, rowing, squat
  13. explain Linea alba
    Runes vertically from xiphoid process through umbilicus to pubis

    divides each rectus abdominis
  14. explain Linea semilunaris
    • Lat to each rectus abdominis
    • crescent/moon shaped
    • runs vertically and rep the aponeurosis that connects lat border of rectus abdominis to med border of ext and int obliques
  15. explain Tendonous inscriptions
    • horizontal indentations
    •   segmented appearance

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