By 1860 how many slaves were in the United States?
Three and a half million
What did slave traders use to buy African women, children, and men?
Liquor and various utensils and trinkets
What was perhaps the worst experience for slaves?
Crossing the Middle Passage
Who distributes the work among the slaves and ensured that they did as expected on plantation
What is the owner of the plantation called?
On what things did the life on a plantation center around? (name in order)
the master, the overseer, the slaves, and the work
How did slavery in America differ from
slavery around the world?
1. It involved only those of African descent
2. It became a permanent condition for most slaves
3. It was the result of buying stolen Africans and selling them
When slaves work in large groups for a set amount of time each day, what system is being used?
When the overseer gave the slaves specific tasks and when the task is completed the slaves can use the day to do other things, what system is being used?
The "______" offered blacks who could reach the border states a chance of escaping and gaining freedom in the North?
Who is the former slave who lectured against slavery in Great Britain and the North?
What women was associated with the Underground Railroad?
Who founded the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator?
William Lloyd Garrison
What are people who work for long hours for low wages with poor working and living conditions known as?
On what did Northerners base their views?
"This Constitution, and the laws if the United States...;and all treaties made...under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary not with standing."
On what did the Southerners base their views?
"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people."
What group of people objected slavery for moral reasons and believed that slavery violated basic human rights?
Who is the antislavery journalist who published the New York Tribune, which opposed slavery and the Fugitive Slave Act?
What are songs written by slaves to reveal how the felt about their conditions are known as?
What innocent-sounding novel was written to help understand how slave mothers felt when they their children were sold and to bring the plight of slave families and runaways to public attention? Who was it written by?
Uncle Tom's Cabin; Harriet Beecher Stowe
Who applied the concept of popular- sovereignty to Nebraska and Kansas when they wanted to become states in 1854 also known as the ____-____ ____? (three words)
Stephen Douglas;Kansas-Nebraska Act
What was a compromise that would allow the settlers to decide the slavery issue for themselves?
In 1854 the antislavery groups formed a new political party to form what group?
What Senator delivered an angry speech about the fighting in Kansas?
What South Caroline representative strode into the Sumner's desk and began to beat him with a cane?
Who didn't believe that the states had the right to secede but did nothing about it to prevent their doing so?
What slave was sued for his freedom in what became famous Supreme Court case?
Chief Justice in the Supreme Court during the Dred Scott case?
Roger B. Taney
What radical abolitionist who believed in using violence in his cause; tried to spark a slave rebellion by capturing the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry?
Who were the Federal troops led by?
Robert E. Lee
Who are radical Southerners who advocated immediate secession if the Republican won the election of 1860?
What is the act whereby a state withdraws itself from the Union?
Who ran for president in 1860 as a Southern Democrat?
John C. Breckinridge
Who ran for president ini 1860 as a Republican?
Who ran for president in 1860 as a Constitutional Unionist?
What group did the rest of the Whigs and a few other voters form because they were upset with their own parties?
What was formed when South Carolina called a convention for the deep South states that seceded?
Confederate States of America
Who was elected to be the first president of the Confederate States of America?
Who opposed secession but became vice president for the Confederate States of America?