History

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Author:
8thgradeclass
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212939
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History
Updated:
2013-04-11 22:08:52
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Chapter 14
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  1. What does antebellum mean?
    Before the war
  2. By 1860 how many slaves were in the United States?
    Three and a half million
  3. What did slave traders use to buy African women, children, and men?
    Liquor and various utensils and trinkets
  4. What was perhaps the worst experience for slaves?
    Crossing the Middle Passage
  5. Who distributes the work among the slaves and ensured that they did as expected on plantation
    overseer
  6. What is the owner of the plantation called?
    the master
  7. On what things did the life on a plantation center around? (name in order)
    the master, the overseer, the slaves, and the work
  8. How did slavery in America differ from
    slavery around the world?
    • 1. It involved only those of African descent
    • 2. It became a permanent condition for most slaves
    • 3. It was the result of buying stolen Africans and selling them
  9. When slaves work in large groups for a set amount of time each day, what system is being used?
    gang system
  10. When the overseer gave the slaves specific tasks and when the task is completed the slaves can use the day to do other things, what system is being used?
    task system
  11. The "______" offered blacks who could reach the border states a chance of escaping and gaining freedom in the North?
    Underground Railroad
  12. Who is the former slave who lectured against slavery in Great Britain and the North?
    Frederick Douglas
  13. What women was associated with the Underground Railroad?
    Harriet Tubman
  14. Who founded the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator?
    William Lloyd Garrison
  15. What are people who work for long hours for low wages with poor working and living conditions known as?
    wage slaves
  16. On what did Northerners base their views?
    Article VI
  17. "This Constitution, and the laws if the United States...;and all treaties made...under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary not with standing."
    Article VI
  18. On what did the Southerners base their views?
    Amendment X
  19. "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people."
    Amendment X
  20. What group of people objected slavery for moral reasons and believed that slavery violated basic human rights?
    Abolitionists
  21. Who is the antislavery journalist who published the New York Tribune, which opposed slavery and the Fugitive Slave Act?
    Horace Greely
  22. What are songs written by slaves to reveal how the felt about their conditions are known as?
    spirituals
  23. What innocent-sounding novel was written to help understand how slave mothers felt when they their children were sold and to bring the plight of slave families and runaways to public attention? Who was it written by?
    Uncle Tom's Cabin; Harriet Beecher Stowe
  24. Who applied the concept of popular- sovereignty to Nebraska and Kansas when they wanted to become states in 1854  also known as the ____-____  ____? (three words)
    Stephen Douglas;Kansas-Nebraska Act
  25. What was a compromise that would allow the settlers to decide the slavery issue for themselves?
    popular-soverignty
  26. In 1854 the antislavery groups formed a new political party to form what group?
    Republican Party
  27. What Senator delivered an angry speech about the fighting in Kansas?
    Charles Sumner
  28. What South Caroline representative strode into the Sumner's desk and began to beat him with a cane?
    Preston Brooks
  29. Who didn't believe that the states had the right to secede but did nothing about it to prevent their doing so?
    James Buchanan
  30. What slave was sued for his freedom in what became famous Supreme Court case?
    Dred Scott
  31. Chief Justice in the Supreme Court during the Dred Scott case?
    Roger B. Taney
  32. What radical abolitionist who believed in using violence in his cause; tried to spark a slave rebellion by capturing the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry?
    John Brown
  33. Who were the Federal troops led by?
    Robert E. Lee
  34. Who are radical Southerners who advocated immediate secession if the Republican won the election of 1860?
    fire-eaters
  35. What is the act whereby a state withdraws itself from the Union?
    secession
  36. Who ran for president in 1860 as a Southern Democrat?
    John C. Breckinridge
  37. Who ran for president ini 1860 as a Republican?
    Abraham Lincoln
  38. Who ran for president in 1860 as a Constitutional Unionist?
    John Bell
  39. What group did the rest of the Whigs and a few other voters form because they were upset with their own parties?
    Constitutional Unionist
  40. What was formed when South Carolina called a convention for the deep South states that seceded?
    Confederate States of America
  41. Who was elected to be the first president of the Confederate States of America?
    Jefferson Davis
  42. Who opposed secession but became vice president for the Confederate States of America?
    Alexander Stephens
  43. Who was the Union commander?
    Robert Anderson

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