fds

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Author:
pugsrule915
ID:
212945
Filename:
fds
Updated:
2013-04-11 18:02:24
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fds
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  1. 2-4% eosinophil’s
    • 0.5-1% Basophils
    • 10. Hematocrit
    • a. Male 40-54%
    • b. Female 37-47%
    • c. Newborn 50-62%
    • 11. Hemoglobin
    • a. Male 13-18%
    • b. Female 12-16%
    • c. Newborn 14-20%
  2. Hematology II
    • 1.
    • 2. NRBC are nucleated RBC. It is necessary to correct for their presence because they look like WBC
    • 3.
    • 4.
    • 5. Neutrophil, basophil; monocyte, eosinophil
    • Cardiovascular Physiology I
    • 1. Temporal- at temple
    • External maxillary artery- pt crossing mandible
    • Carotid
    • Brachial- inner side of biceps
    • Radial- on radial bone
    • Femoral- groin
    • Popliteal- behind knee
    • Posterior tibial- behind inner ankle
    • Dorsalis pedis- anterior, superior foot
  3. Carotid most accurate bc closest to heart
    • Arm down increases BP, arm up decreases (have to push against gravity)
    • 2. CO=SV*HR
    • a. Ones SV is dependent on the their pulse and a decrease or increase in heart rate has the same effect on CO
    • 3. MAP- Pressure driving blood through the systemic circulation
    • a. It is a good indicator of perfusion and takes into account cardiac output (CO *R)
    • 4. Pulse
    • a. Athlete/ Non Athlete- yes bc athlete use heart more efficiently from exercising more so lower pulse. Also has faster recovery bc heart more efficient
    • - Smoker/ Nonsmoker- increase pulse and slower recovery rate bc of vasoconstriction
    • Activity
    • b. Athlete/non athlete- athlete stronger heart so respond better to activity
    • c. Smoker/nonsmoker- smoker has less o2 bc CO binds irreversibly to hemoglobin
    • 5. Heart rate and BP increase
    • 6. Increase in HR, BP, and Respiratory Rate
    • 7.
    • 8.
    • Cardiophysiology II
    • 1. Yes pretty similar
    • a. Cold-
    • i. HR ↑- vasoconstriction
    • ii. Time ↓- vasoconstriction
    • iii. Pulse ↑- constriction lead to more resistance
    • b. Elevated
    • i. HR ↑then ↓ - harder to move against gravity
    • ii. Time↓-
    • iii. Pulse ↓ - push blood uphill
    • 2. none
    • 3. n
    • 4. QRS doesn’t change
    • 5. Vasoconstriction keeps heat and blood towards heart
    • 6. Arm raised
    • 7. Ventricular systole and diastole bc louder
    • 8. Yes just change bc arm length
  4. 2nd sound- btw 2nd and 3rd rib
    • Tricuspid- right sternal margin of 5th rib space
    • Aortic semilunar- right sternal margin, 2nd rib
    • 4. Blood turbulence and non-laminar flow; not opening or closing of valves
    • 5. Temporal- at temple
    • External maxillary artery- pt crossing mandible
    • Carotid
    • Brachial- inner side of biceps
    • Radial- on radial bone
    • Femoral- groin
    • Popliteal- behind knee
    • Posterior tibial- behind inner ankle
    • Dorsalis pedis- anterior, superior foot
    • 6. Pressure of blood on the walls of the blood vessels
    • 7. Pressure driving blood through the systemic circulation
    • 8. MAP= CO* R; (DBP)+ 1.3 (SBP-DBP)
    • 9. Stoke volume * Heart rate
    • 10. Increase blood volume
    • Skeletal muscle pump
    • Respiratory pump
    • vasoconstriction
    • sympathetic input
    • Parasympathetic input
    • 11. Exercise 2: pulse decrease bc less volume going to heart in order to be pumped around
    • HR- increase to bring more blood to heart
    • Exercise- increase do to sympathetic NS causing vasoconstriction
    • HR- increase to bring more O2
    • Exercise 4: raised- Decrease BP- heart pump against gravity and less volume make up to arm
    • Dangled- increase BP- increased volume bc pumping w/ gravity
    • Exercise 5: increase all bc sympathetic cause vasoconstriction increasing BP and therefore HR
    • Exercise 8: Increase in BP (vasoconstriction) and HR due to sympathetic
    • Cardio 2
    • 1. Atrial systole
    • 2. Ventricular systole (depole), atrial diastole
    • 3. Ventricular diastole (repol)
    • 4. Plethysmography- study of blood changes within an organ by using volume displacement techniques.
    • Transducer placed on finger and emitted light, strength of light reflected determined volume of blood
    • 5. R-R interval

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