Pharmacology 1 Chapters 1
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the use of herbs, dietary supplements, and homeopathic remedies rather than pharmaceuticals.
forerunner of the modern pharmacists; the name also refers to the shop.
information printed on a drug package to alert prescribers to potential problems with the drug.
Black Box warning
a drug produced by recombinant DNA technology
a drug with the highest potential for abuse, which may be used only for research under a special license.
- Schedule 1 Controlled substance
a drug with a high potential for abuse, for which dispensing is severely restricted and prescriptions may not be refilled.
- Schedule II controlled substance
A drug with a moderate potential for abuse, which can be refilled no more than 5 times in 6 months and only if authorized by the physician for this time period.
- Schedule III controlled substance
A drug dispensed under the same restrictions as schedule III drugs but having less potential for abuse.
- Schedule IV controlled substance
a drug with a slight potential for abuse; some of which may be sold without a prescription depending on state law, but the purchaser must sign for the drug and show identification.
- Schedule V controlled substance
A name that describes a drug's chemical composition in detail.
drug testing on humans, used to determine drug safety and efficacy.
a drug with potential for abuse; organized by five categories or schedules that specify whether and how the drug may be dispensed.
A clinical trial in which neither the trial participants nor the study staff know whether a particular participant is in the control group or the experimental group.
Double Blind study
the branch of the U.S. Justice Department that is responsible for regulating the sale and use of specified drugs, especially controlled substances.
DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration)
the entity, usually a pharmaceutical company, responsible for testing the efficacy and safety of a drug and proposing the drug for approval.
The agency of the federal government that is responsible for ensuring the safety of drugs and food prepared for the market.
- Food and Drug Administration
a system of therapeutics in which diseases are treated by administering minute doses of drugs that, in healthy patients, are capable of producing symptoms like those of the disease being treated.
A drug that may be sold only by prescription and must be labeled "Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensing without prescription" or "Rx only"
Specific information about certain types of drugs that is required by the FDA to be made available to the patient.
The vehicle through which drug sponsors formally propose that the FDA approve a new pharmaceutical for sale and marketing in the United States.
- New Drug Application
Over the Counter Drug
A government grant that gives a drug company the exclusive right to manufacture a drug for a certain number of years; protectsthe company's investment in developing the drug.
the study of identification of natural sources of drugs.
the action of a drug on a living system.
the science of drugs and their interactions with the systems of living animals.
An official listing of medicinal preparations.
A national organization that develops pharmacy technician standards and serves as a credentialing agency for pharmacy technicians.
- Pharmacy Technician Certification Board
a Greek word meaning a magic spell, remedy, or poison that was used in early records to represent the concept of a drug.
An inactive substance with no treatment value.
A drug that prevents or decreases the severity of a disease.
A drug that relieves symptoms of a disease.
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