Chapter 11 Art Appreciation
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Louise Bourgeois mon mon
3 traditional sculpture materials
Free Standing Scultputure
Completely finished on all sides
In the round
A sculpture in which forms project from but remains attached to a background surface. Meant to be seen frontally.
Figures project only slightly from the surface.
Also known by the french as bas relief.
i.e. coins, sarcophagus lid
Figures project more boldly from the surface.
Fifures project to at least half their understood depth.
i.e. Durga fighting the buffalo demon
4 methods for creating sculpture
Additive processes for creating sculpture.
Artists add material until completed
Subtractive process for creating sculpture.
More aggressive than other techniques.
Commonly uses wood or stone.
Involves use of a mold and liquid
Most common material used is clay.
Work is fired/heated to harden.
Glaze seals pores, peice then fired again to seal.
- terracotta warriors
Most famous modeled figures in the world.
Located in China - 1974
Guarding the tomb of emperor.
Held real weapons.
More than 7000
Indirect method of sculpture.
Often metal heated to liquid form and poured into a mold. (Bronze).
Durable and can be poured into small crevices.
Often gets melted down after time for other purposes.
Cast in bronze and guilded in a thin layer of gold.
Famous figure cast in greek bronze.
survived being melted down.
FOund in ship wreck off coast of italy.
Traditional method of casting.
Contempary artist known for playing around with the idea of kitch.
Individual parts or objects are brought together to create sculpture.
I.e. David Smith's Cubi XII
Responsible for stainless steal sculptures of organic material
Excellent examples of assemblage
Commisioned to make a sculpture for the french city of callais to honor 6 men (The Burghers of Calais) who ransomed their lives to free Calais.
Developed by the greek is a particular stance for their standing figures. Means counter poised or counter balanced.
Michaelangelo carved this sculpture for pope ulius second.
The dying slave
Honey wax sculpture
Collects materials in nature and makes them into a design and photographs it before it disappears.
i.e. reconstructed icicles, autumn leaves, gray pebbles
Entire room used
Red room child
Started in 1960s and employs simple primary fomrs and industrial materials for a pure aesthetic experience.
Most famous artist today to make deliberate impermanent art
Installed in central park new york.
Lasted 16 days. Planned since 1979.
Consisted of 7500 feet of saphron collard gateways along 23 miles of the park.
Metal posts and nylon covers.
What would you like to do?
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