Chapter 11 Art Appreciation

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Chapter 11 Art Appreciation
2013-04-30 10:39:01
Sculpture Installation

Chapter 11
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  1. Spider Sculpture
    Louise Bourgeois mon mon
  2. 3 traditional sculpture materials
    • wood
    • metal
  3. Free Standing Scultputure
    Completely finished on all sides
    In the round
  4. 3 types of relief
    • Low
    • Mid
    • High
  5. A sculpture in which forms project from but remains attached to a background surface. Meant to be seen frontally.
    In Relief
  6. Figures project only slightly from the surface.
    Also known by the french as bas relief.

    i.e. coins, sarcophagus lid
    Low Relief
  7. Figures project more boldly from the surface.
    Fifures project to at least half their understood depth.

    i.e. Durga fighting the buffalo demon
    High Relief
  8. 4 methods for creating sculpture
    • Modeling
    • Casting
    • Carving
    • Assembling
  9. Additive processes for creating sculpture.
    Artists add material until completed
    • Modeling
    • Assembling
  10. Subtractive process for creating sculpture.
    Removing material.

    More aggressive than other techniques.
    Commonly uses wood or stone.
  11. Involves use of a mold and liquid
  12. Most common material used is clay.
    Work is fired/heated to harden.
    Glaze seals pores, peice then fired again to seal.
    • Modeling
    • terracotta warriors
  13. Most famous modeled figures in the world.
    Located in China - 1974
    Guarding the tomb of emperor.
    Held real weapons.
    More than 7000
    Terracotta Warriors
  14. Indirect method of sculpture.
    Often metal heated to liquid form and poured into a mold. (Bronze).
    Durable and can be poured into small crevices.
    Often gets melted down after time for other purposes.
  15. Cast in bronze and guilded in a thin layer of gold.
    bodhisattva avalokiteshvara
  16. Famous figure cast in greek bronze.
    survived being melted down.
    450 bce.
    FOund in ship wreck off coast of italy.
  17. Traditional method of casting.
    Lost wax 
  18. Contempary artist known for playing around with the idea of kitch.

    Micheal Jackson/bubbles
    Jeff Koons
  19. Individual parts or objects are brought together to create sculpture.

    I.e. David Smith's Cubi XII
  20. Responsible for stainless steal sculptures of organic material
    Roxy Paine
  21. Excellent examples of assemblage
    Cornell Botinsky
  22. Commisioned to make a sculpture for the french city of callais to honor 6 men (The Burghers of Calais) who ransomed their lives to free Calais.
  23. Developed by the greek is a particular stance  for their standing figures. Means counter poised or counter balanced.
  24. Michaelangelo carved this sculpture for pope ulius second.
    The dying slave
  25. Used wax.

    Honey wax sculpture
    Kiki Smith
  26. Stainles steel.
    Quantum cloud
    Antony Gormley
  27. Famous earthwork.
    Serpant Mound
  28. Collects materials in nature and makes them into a design and photographs it before it disappears.

    i.e. reconstructed icicles, autumn leaves, gray pebbles
    Andy Goldsworthy
  29. Entire room used
  30. Red room child
    Louise bourgeois
  31. Started in 1960s and employs simple primary fomrs and industrial materials for a pure aesthetic experience.
  32. Most famous artist today to make deliberate impermanent art
    Christo-Jean claude
  33. Installed in central park new york.
    Lasted 16 days. Planned since 1979.
    Consisted of 7500 feet of saphron collard gateways along 23 miles of the park.
    Metal posts and nylon covers.
    The Gates