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- produced through open pollination
- "true to type" = plants like parents of seed
- Not as hardy and disease resistant as hybrid
- Produced by artificially cross-pollinating plants
- improved characteristics such as better yield, greater uniformity, disease resistance, etc
- Seeds cannot be saved and replanted
- no variety in flavor
- DNA altered using genetic engineering
- Modified traits that the plant otherwise wouldn't possess
- Compact plant and fruit ripens more closely together
- Also known as “bush tomatoes”
- They grow to no more than 6 feet tall before developing laterally instead of vertically.
- 1. Tomatoes mature faster, with an average of about 60 days. This is because less energy is spent on plant growth and more on fruit production.
- 2. Tomatoes tend to ripen all at once, which is convenient for preparation and preservation purposes like canning and drying.
- 3. Plants do not need to be pruned or staked. In fact, pruning is bad for determinate tomatoes because it reduces overall fruit production.
- Determinate tomatoes are less flavorful than their indeterminate counterparts. This is because smaller plants cannot gather as much sugar. Furthermore, determinate tomatoes have a shorter growing season. They bear uniform crops in spurts, where a whole bunch of tomatoes ripen all at once. After about three spurts, fruit production decreases drastically and the plant wilts off.
Continue to grow and set fruit until frost
- Brandywine--Indet. Open-pollinated. Dusty-red, fairly tangy, large fruits. Ripens late in our climate. This is a popular heirloom.
- large potato-leaved foliage and which bears large pink beefsteak-shaped fruit
- Celebrity--Det. Hybrid.
- Medium-sized to large, red fruit; 7-10oz
- Large plant for a determinate; can grow up to 10 ft tall
- High Yield: can produce 30-40 fruits each
Champion--Indet. Hybrid. Bigger than Early Girl, these medium to large, red tomatoes are meaty and not too sweet. Good performer, high yields.
- Holds Guiness record for most fruit produced by single plant
- about 12oz
- recommended staking due to high yield
- Early Girl--Indet. Hybrid. Very early, red salad tomato. Consistently does well in taste tests.
- A "standard tomato" - weighs 4-8oz
Mr. Stripey or Tigrella--Indet. Heirloom. Small red fruit, with clear yellow and orange stripes. These are so sweet and fruity tasting, they are like an entirely different fruit. Very early.
Oregon Spring--Det. Open-pollinated. Very meaty, excellent tasting, mid-to large-sized red fruits. Matures in a short season.
- A beefsteak tomato (American English) or beef tomato (British English) is any of the largest varieties of cultivated tomatoes, some weighing 1 pound (450 g) or more. Most are pink or red with numerous small seed compartments (locules) distributed throughout the fruit
- While popular among home growers for sandwich making and other applications requiring a large tomato to be eaten raw, beefsteaks are not grown commercially as often as other types, since they are not considered as suitable for mechanization as smaller slicing tomatoes
- Beefmaster VFN (a popular hybrid beefsteak)Beefsteak VFNBig BeefBrandywine (a pink heirloom variety)Bucking BroncoCherokee Purple a dusky red/purple beefsteak, said to have exceptional flavor
- Plum tomato
- has few seeds and good for canning and sauce
- open pollinated but not considered a heirloom (I think because it's been improved upon to be disease resistant)