anatomymmc大體解剖一

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213183
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anatomymmc大體解剖一
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2013-04-14 13:30:04
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anatomy
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大體解剖
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  1. 額肌
    Frontalis muscle
  2. 顳肌
    Temporalis muscle
  3. 眼輪匝肌
    Orbicularis oculi muscle
  4. 鼻翼提上唇肌
    Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi muscle
  5. 鼻肌
    Nasalis muscle
  6. 提上唇肌
    Levator labii superioris muscle
  7. 降下唇肌
    Depressor labii inferioris muscle
  8. 降嘴角肌
    Depressor anguli oris muscle
  9. 顴大肌
    Zygomaticus major muscle
  10. 顴小肌
    Zygomaticus minor muscle
  11. 口輪匝肌
    Orbicularis oris muscle
  12. 嚼肌
    Masseter muscle
  13. 腮腺
    Parotid gland
  14. 腮管
    Parotid duct
  15. 顏面動脈
    Facial artery
  16. 顏面動脈 → 上唇動脈
    Facial artery → Superior labial artery
  17. 顏面動脈 → 下唇動脈
    Facial artery → Inferior labial artery
  18. 顏面動脈 → 角動脈
    Facial artery → Angular artery

    走到鼻側
  19. 淺顳動脈
    Superficial temporal artery
  20. 橫顏面動脈
    Transverse facial artery
  21. 眶下動脈
    Infraorbital artery
  22. 顏面靜脈
    Facial vein
  23. 顏面靜脈 → 角靜脈
    Facial vein → Angular vein
  24. 眶下靜脈
    Infraorbital vein
  25. 顏面神經
    Facial nerve
  26. 顏面神經 → 顳支
    Facial nerve → Temporal branch
  27. 顏面神經 → 顴支
    Facial nerve → Zigomatic branch
  28. 顏面神經 → 頰支
    Facial nerve → Buccal branch
  29. 顏面神經 → 下頷支
    Facial nerve → Marginal mandibular branch
  30. 顏面神經 → 頸支
    Facial nerve → Cervical branch
  31. 眶上神經
    Supraorbital nerve
  32. 眶下神經
    Infraorbital nerve
  33. 頦神經
    • Mental nerve
    • 從頦孔鑽出
  34. 闊頸肌
    Platysma muscle
  35. 胸鎖乳突肌
    Sternocleidomastoid muscle
  36. 肩胛舌骨肌
    Omohyoid muscle
  37. 前斜角肌
    Anterior scalene muscle
  38. 中斜角肌
    Middle scalene muscle
  39. 後斜角肌
    Posterior scalene muscle
  40. 總頸動脈
    Common carotic artery
  41. 甲狀頸動脈幹
    → 橫頸動脈
    → 上肩胛動脈
    → 下甲狀腺動脈
    → 升頸動脈
    • Thyrocervical trunk
    •  → Transverse cervical artery
    •  → Suprascapular artery
    •  → Inferior thyroid artery
    •  → Ascending cervical artery
  42. 外頸靜脈
    External jugular vein
  43. 內頸靜脈
    Internal jugular vein
  44. 胸大肌
    Pectoralis major muscle
  45. 胸小肌
    Pectoralis minor muscle
  46. 前鋸肌
    Serratus anterior muscel
  47. 外肋間肌
    External intercostal muscle
  48. 胸橫肌
    Transversus thoracis muscle
  49. 鎖骨下肌
    Subclavian muscle
  50. 胸肩峰動脈胸支
    Pectoral branch of thoracoacrominal artery
  51. 內胸動脈
    Internal thoracic artery
  52. 上胸動脈
    Superior thoracic artery
  53. 胸背動脈
    Thoracodorsal artery
  54. 肩胛下動脈-分出胸背動脈和旋肩胛動脈
    Subscapular artery
  55. 外側胸動脈
    Lateral thoracic artery
  56. 前肋間動脈
    Anterior intercostalis artery
  57. 前肋間靜脈
    Anterior intercostalis vein
  58. 鎖骨下靜脈
    Subclavian vein
  59. 外側胸神經
    Lateral pectoral nerve
  60. 內側胸神經
    Medial pectoral nerve
  61. 長胸神經
    Long thoracic nerve
  62. 肋間神經
    Intercostal nerve
  63. 淺筋膜
    → 脂肪層
    → 膜狀層
    • Superficial fascia
    •  → Fatty layer
    •  → Membranous layer
  64. 腹外斜肌
    External oblique muscle
  65. 腹內斜肌
    Internal oblique muscle
  66. 腹橫肌
    Transversus abdominis muscle
  67. 橫筋膜
    Transversalis fascia
  68. 腹膜
    Peritoneum
  69. 腹直肌
    Rectus abdominis muscle
  70. 錐狀肌
    Pyramidalis muscle
  71. 腹直肌鞘
    Rectus sheath
  72. 弓狀線
    Arcuate line
  73. 白線
    Linea alba
  74. 腹股溝韌帶
    Inguinal ligament
  75. 精索
    Spermatic cord
  76. 淺深腹股溝環
    Superficial and deep inguinal ring
  77. 腱劃
    Tendinous intersection
  78. 上腹壁動脈
    Superior epigastric artery
  79. 下腹壁動脈
    Inferior epigastric artery
  80. 淺旋髂動脈
    Superficial circumflex iliac artery
  81. 淺腹壁動脈
    Superficial epigastric artery
  82. 淺旋髂靜脈
    Superficial circumflex iliac vein
  83. 髂腹股溝神經
    ilioinguinal nerve
  84. 肺尖
    Apex
  85. 水平裂
    Horizontal fissure
  86. 斜裂
    Oblique fissure
  87. 上中下葉
    Upper/middle/lower lobe
  88. 肺門
    Hilum(hilus)
  89. 右肺動脈
    Right pulmonary artery
  90. 右肺靜脈
    Right pulmonary vein
  91. 右支氣管
    Right bronchus
  92. 心壓跡
    Cardiac impression
  93. 食道溝
    Groove for esophagus
  94. 肺韌帶
    Pulmonary ligament
  95. 橫膈表面
    Diaphragmatic surface
  96. 上下葉
    Upper/lower lobe
  97. 左肺動脈
    Left pulmonary artery
  98. 左肺靜脈
    Left pulmonary vein
  99. 左支氣管
    Left bronchus
  100. 主動脈弓走的溝
    Groove for aortic arch
  101. 降主動脈走的溝
    Groove for descending aorta
  102. 肺舌
    Lingula
  103. 腋動脈
    Axillary artery
  104. 腋動脈
    1 → 上胸動脈
    • Axillary artery
    • 1 → Superior thoracic artery
  105. 腋動脈
    2 → 胸肩峰動脈
    • Axillary artery
    • 2 → Thoracoacromial artery
  106. 腋動脈
    2 → 外側胸動脈
    • Axillary artery
    • 2 → Lateral thoracic artery
  107. 腋動脈
    3 → 下胸胛動脈
       →→ 胸背動脈
       →→ 旋肩胛動脈
    • Axillary artery
    • 3 → Subscapular artery
    •    →→ Thoracodorsal artery
    •    →→ Circumflex scapular artery
  108. 腋動脈
    3 → 前旋肱動脈
    3 → 後旋肱動脈
    • Axillary artery
    • 3 → Anterior circumflex humeral artery
    • 3 → Posterior circumflex humeral artery
  109. 外側索
    → 肌皮神經
    → 外側胸動脈
    • Lateral cord
    • → Musculocutaneous nerve
    • → Lateral pectoral nerve
  110. 內側索
    → 內側胸動脈
    → 內側前臂皮神經
    → 尺神經
    • Medial cord
    • → Medial pectoral nerve
    • → Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm
    • → Ulnar nerve
  111. 後索
    → 橈神經
    → 腋神經
    → 胸背神經
    → 上下肩胛神經
    → 下下肩胛神經
    • Posterior cord
    • → Radial nerve
    • → Axillary nerve
    • → Thoracodorsal nerve
    • → Upper subscapular nerve
    • → Lower subscapular nerve
  112. Axillary Root
    → 長胸神經
    • Axillary Root
    • → Long thoracic nerve
  113. 正中神經
    Median nerve
  114. 頭臂靜脈
    Cephalic vein
  115. 腋靜脈
    Axillary vein
  116. 貴要靜脈
    Basilic vein
  117. 恥骨肌
    Pectineus muscle
  118. 髂腰肌
    → 腰大肌
    → 腰小肌
    → 髂肌
    • Iliopsoas muscle
    • → Psoas major muscle
    • → Psoas minor muscle
    • → Iliacus muscle
  119. 縫匠肌
    Sartorius muscle
  120. 股直肌
    Rectus femoris muscle
  121. 股外側肌
    Vastus lateralis muscle
  122. 股中間肌
    Vastus intermedius muscle
  123. 股內側肌
    Vastus medialis muscle
  124. 闊筋膜張肌
    Tensor fasciae latae muscle
  125. 股薄肌
    Gracilis muscle
  126. 內收長肌
    Adductor longus muscle
  127. 內收短肌
    Adductor brevis muscle
  128. 內收大肌
    Adductor magnus muscle
  129. 閉孔外肌
    Obturator externus muscle
  130. 股動脈
    → 深股動脈
    →→ 外側旋股動脈
    →→ 內側旋股動脈
    →→ 穿通支
    • Femoral artery
    • → Profunda femoris artey
    • →→ Lateral circumflex femoral artery
    • →→ Medial circumflex femoral artery
    • →→ Perforating branches
  131. 股動脈
    → 降膝動脈
    • Femoral artey
    • → Descending genicular artery
  132. 股靜脈
    → 大隱靜脈
    → 膕靜脈
    • Femoral vein
    • → Greater saphenous vein
    • → Popliteal vein
  133. 股神經
    Femoral nerve
  134. 外側股皮神經
    Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
  135. 內股皮神經
    Medial femoral cutaneous nerve
  136. 中股皮神經
    Intermedius femoral cutaneous nerve
  137. 前股皮神經
    Anterior femoral cutaneous nerve
  138. 隱神經
    Saphenous nerve
  139. 閉孔神經(前支後支夾內收短肌)
    • Obturator nerve
    • ( anterior branch & Posteior branch)
  140. 脛前肌
    Tibialis anterior muscle
  141. 伸趾長肌
    Extensor digitorum longus muscle
  142. 伸趾短肌
    Extensor digitorum brevis muscle
  143. 伸姆長肌
    Extensor hallucis longus muscle
  144. 腓骨長肌
    Fibularis longus muscle
  145. 腓骨短肌
    Fibularis brevis muscle
  146. 第三腓骨肌
    Fibular tertius muscle
  147. 脛前動脈
    Anterior tibial artey
  148. 足背動脈
    Dorsalis pedis artery
  149. 總腓神經
    → 外側腓腸皮神經
    → 淺腓神經
    → 深腓神經(和 anterior tibial artery 一起走在伸趾長肌和脛骨前肌之間)
    • Common fibular nerve
    • → Lateral sural cutaneous nerve
    • → Superficial fibular nerve
    • → Deep fibular nerve
  150. 肉膜肌筋膜
    Dortos fascia of scrotum
  151. 外精索筋膜
    External spermatic fascia
  152. 提睪肌和筋膜
    Cremaster muscle and fascia
  153. 內精索筋膜
    Internal spermatic fascia
  154. 鞘膜
    - 壁層
    - 臟層
    • Tunica vaginalis
    • - Parietal layer
    • - Visceral layer
  155. 睪丸
    Testis
  156. 白膜
    Tunica albuginea
  157. 曲細精管
    Seminiferous tubules
  158. 附睪
    • Epididymis
    • ( Head Body Tail )
  159. 輸精管
    Ductus deferens
  160. 睪丸動脈
    Testicular artery
  161. 蔓狀靜脈叢
    Pampiniform (venous) plexus
  162. 硬腦膜
    Dura mater
  163. 大腦鐮
    Falx cerebri
  164. 小腦鐮
    Falx cerebelli
  165. 小腦天幕
    Tentorium cerebelli
  166. 上斜肌
    Superior oblique muscel
  167. 內直肌
    Medial rectus muscle
  168. 提上瞼肌
    Levator palpebrae superioris muscle
  169. 上直肌
    Superior rectus muscle
  170. 外直肌
    Lateral rectus muscle
  171. 滑車神經
    Trochlear nerve
  172. 視神經
    Optic nerve
  173. 額神經
    - 滑車上神經
    - 眶上神經
    • Frontal nerve
    • - Supratrochlear nerve
    • - Supraorbital nerve
  174. 淚神經
    Lacrimal nerve
  175. 淚腺
    Lacrimal gland
  176. 眼動脈
    Ophthalmic artery
  177. 冠狀縫
    Coronal suture
  178. 矢狀縫
    Saggital suture
  179. 人字縫
    Lambdoid suture
  180. 腦膜血管溝
    Grooves for meningeal artery
  181. 顳肌
    Temporalis muscle
  182. 斜方肌
    Trapezius muscle
  183. 頭夾肌
    Splenius capitis muscle
  184. 頭半棘肌
    Semispinalis capitis
  185. 胸鎖乳突肌
    Sternocleidomastoid muscle
  186. 大後頭直肌
    Rectus capitis postrior major muscle
  187. 上頭斜肌
    Obliquus capitis superior muscle
  188. 下頭斜肌
    Obliquus capitis inferior muscle
  189. 枕下神經
    C1 Suboccipital nerve
  190. 枕大神經
    C2 Greater occipital nerve
  191. 椎動脈
    Vertebral artery
  192. 闊背肌
    Latissimus dorsi muscle
  193. 胸腰筋膜
    Thoracolumbar fascia
  194. 提肩胛肌
    Levator scapulae muscle
  195. 小菱形肌
    Rhomboid minor muscle
  196. 大菱形肌
    Rhomboid major muscle
  197. 棘下肌
    Supraspinatus muscle
  198. 棘下肌
    Infraspinatus muscle
  199. 肩胛下肌
    Subscapularis muscle
  200. 小圓肌
    Teres minor muscle
  201. 大圓肌
    Teres major muscle
  202. 後上鋸肌
    Serratus posterior superior muscle
  203. 後下鋸肌
    Serratus posterior inferior muscle
  204. 豎脊肌
    - 脊肌
    - 最長肌
    - 髂肋肌
    • Erector spinae muscle
    • - Spinalis muscle
    • - Longissimus muscle
    • - Iliocostalis muscle
  205. 外肋間肌
    External intercostal muscle
  206. 淺頸動脈
    Superficial cervical artery

    Transverse cervical artery 分支 Trapezius下
  207. 副神經
    Accessory nerve
  208. 胸背神經
    Thoracodorsal nerve
  209. 軟膜
    Pia mater
  210. 馬尾
    Cauda equina
  211. 脊髓圓錐
    Conus medullaris
  212. 齒狀韌帶
    Denticulate ligament
  213. 終絲
    Terminal filum
  214. 臀大肌
    Gluteus maximus muscle
  215. 臀中肌
    Gluteus medius muscle
  216. 臀小肌
    Gluteus minimus muscle
  217. 梨狀肌
    piriformis muscle
  218. 上孖肌
    Superior gemellus muscle
  219. 閉孔內肌
    Obturator internus muscle
  220. 下孖肌
    Inferior gemellus muscle
  221. 股方肌
    Quadratus femoris muscle
  222. 提肛肌
    Levator ani muscle
  223. 外肛門括約肌
    External anal sphincter muscle
  224. 上臀動脈
    Superior gluteal artey
  225. 下臀動脈
    Inferior gluteal artery
  226. 下陰部動脈
    → 會陰動脈
    → 下直腸動脈
    • Inferior pudendal artery
    • → Perineal artey
    • → Inferior rectal artery
  227. 坐骨神經
    Sciatic nerve
  228. 後股皮神經
    Posterior femoral cutaneous nerve
  229. 上臀神經
    Superior gluteal nerve
  230. 下臀神經
    Inferior gluteal nerve
  231. 陰部神經
    → 會陰神經
    → 下直腸神經
    • Pudendal nerve
    • → Perineal nerve
    • → Inferior rectal nerve
  232. 腱棘韌帶
    Sacrospinous ligment
  233. 薦結節韌帶
    Sarcotuberous ligament
  234. 三角肌
    Deltoid muscle
  235. 肱三頭肌
    長頭、外側頭、內側頭
    • Triceps brachii muscle
    • ( long head / lateral head / medial head)
  236. 肱橈肌
    Brachioradialis muscle
  237. 三角空隙
    -旋肩胛動脈
    • Triangular space
    • - Circumflex scapular artery
  238. 四角空隙
    -腋神經
    -後旋肱動脈
    • Quadrangular space
    • - Axillary nerve
    • - Posterior circumflex humeral artery
  239. 三角間隙
    -深肱動脈
    -橈神經
    • Triangular interval
    • - Deep brachial artery
    • - Radial nerve
  240. 肩胛上動脈
    Suprascapular artery
  241. 肩胛上神經
    Suprascapular nerve
  242. 半腱肌
    Semitendinosus muscle
  243. 半膜肌
    Semimembranosus muscle
  244. 股二頭肌
    -長頭
    -短頭
    • Biceps femoris muscle
    • - long head
    • - short head
  245. 內收大肌
    Adductor magnus muscle
  246. 內收小肌
    Adductor minimus muscle
  247. 股薄肌
    Gracilis muscle
  248. 張闊筋膜肌
    Tensor fasciae lata muscle
  249. 髂脛束
    Iliotibial  tract
  250. 腓腸肌
    Gastrocnemius muscel
  251. 比目魚肌
    Soleus muscle
  252. 蹠肌
    Plantaris muscle
  253. 膕肌
    Popliteus muscle
  254. 屈姆長肌
    Flexor hallucis longus muscle
  255. 屈趾長肌
    Flexor digitorum longus muscle
  256. 脛骨後肌
    Tibialis posterior muscle
  257. 跟腱
    Calcaneal tendon
  258. 坐骨神經
    → 總腓神經
    →→ 外側腓腸皮神經
    → 脛神經
    →→ 內測腓腸皮神經
    • Sciatic nerve
    • → Common fibular nerve
    • →→ Lateral sural cutaneous nerve
    • → Tibial nerve
    • →→ Medial sural cutaneous nerve
  259. 腓腸神經
    Sural nerve
  260. 後股皮神經
    Posterior femoral cutaneous nerve
  261. 股動脈
    Femoral artery
  262. 膕動脈
    → 上外側膝動脈
    → 上內側膝動脈
    → 下外測膝動脈
    → 下內測膝動脈
    → 前脛動脈
    → 後脛動脈
    →→腓動脈
    • Popliteal artery
    • → Superior lateral genicular artery
    • → Superior medial genicular artery
    • → Inferior lateral genicular artery
    • → Inferior medial genicular artery
    • → Anterior tibial artery
    • → Posterior tibial artery
    • →→ Fibular artery
  263. 股靜脈
    Femoral vein
  264. 膕靜脈
    → 小隱靜脈
    • Popliteal vein
    • → Small saphenous vein

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