COGS 17 Lecture 1a

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Author:
andrewlee22087
ID:
213194
Filename:
COGS 17 Lecture 1a
Updated:
2013-04-13 03:35:17
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COGS
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COGS 17
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  1. Toward the back of the body, and in the human head, toward the top
    dorsal
  2. toward the stomach and in the human head, toward the bottom
    ventral
  3. toward the front end
    rostral/anterior
  4. toward the rear end
    caudal/posterior
  5. above another part
    superior
  6. below another part
    inferior
  7. toward the sides, away from the midline
    lateral
  8. toward midline, away from the sides
    medial
  9. plane through brain as seen from the front
    coronal plane
  10. plane through brain as seen from the side
    sagittal plane
  11. plane through brain as seen from above
    horizontal plane
  12. making a connection on the same side (left/right) of the Nervous System
    ipsilateral
  13. making a connection on the opposite side (left/right) of the Nervous System
    contralateral
  14. spinal cord and brain; encased in bone and sheathed in the 3-layered meninges
    Central Nervous System (CNS)
  15. nerves outside the CNS
    Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
  16. responsible for interaction with external environment (sensory/motor)
    Somatic Nervous System
  17. regulates internal environment (controls internal organs)
    Autonomic Nervous System
  18. thick outer layer immediately under bone
    dura mater
  19. spider-web-like spongy layer
    arachnoid mater
  20. filled with cerebral spinal fluid (CSF)
    subarachnoid space
  21. pliant inner layer, conforms to brain and spine surface, includes blood vessels
    pia mater
  22. inflammation of Meninges
    Meningitis
  23. hollow, inner-connected cavities in brain produce cerebral spinal fluid
    ventricles
  24. "water on the brain," may be surgically drained
    hydrocephalus
  25. a complex web of arteries (incoming) and veins (outgoing) feed (mainly glucose) and cleanse brain
    blood vessels
  26. semi-permeable barrier, provides strict controls over chemical content of brain
    blood-brain barrier

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