Card Set Information
What do the members of the kingdom Protista have in common?
That they don't fit anywhere else
How did the first eukaryotic organisms arise?
From ancient prokaryotic cells- endosymbiosis(living inside one another)
What is a protist?
single celled/ or simple multicellular organism that doesn't fit anywhere else
How are protists grouped?
based on characteristics that resemble fungi, plants, and animals
What is a protozoan?
animal like protist
How are protozoans classified?
based on their form of locomotion
Describe key characteristics of an amoeba
pesudopod- rounded cytoplasmic extension, like an arm
Describe the key characteristics of a paramecium
cilia: hairlike cytoplasmic projections
Describe the key characteristics of euglena
flagella: whip like structure made of microtubules
What disease is caused by typanosoma?
What disease is caused by plasmodium?
What disease is caused by giardia?
What is the common name for plant-like protists?
Name the four groups of single-celled plant-like protists.
unicellular, colonial, filamentious, multicellular
Describe unicellular algae
phytoplankton, free living aquatic organisms
Describe colonial algae
groups of individuals acting coordinately, ie volvox
Describe filamentious algae
slender, rod-shaped cells joined from end to end. anchors organisms to ocean floor ie spirogyra
Describe multicellular algae
Large, plant-like ie seaweed
How are multi-cellular plant-like protists or seaweeds grouped?
based on type of pigment, food storage, and cell wall composition
What are the three groups of multi-cellular palnt-like protists?
Chlorophyta(green), phaeophyta(brown), rhodophyta(red)
What are the two types of fungus-like protists?
Slime molds and Water molds
Describe Slime Molds
fungus-like protists that are a mass of cytoplasm
ie phylum myxomycota and pictyostelida
Describe Water molds
fungus-like protist that act as parasites for fish
ie phylum oomycota and chytridiomycta