China Terms

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Anonymous
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21321
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China Terms
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2010-05-30 15:59:41
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China History
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Final Exam History Terms
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  1. Yang Chien (Wen Ti)
    • reunified China
    • reduced power of nobility by redistributing land
    • chose officials based on merit
    • standardized weights, coinage, and measures
    • build Grand Canal
    • added to Great Wall
  2. Yang Ti
    • started wars with neighboring countries and spent money lavishly
    • tried to conquer Korea 4 times but failed all times
  3. Zhu Yuanzhang (Hongwu)
    • founder of Ming dynasty
    • consolidated all power for self so he was the only power
    • forced nobles and other powerful figures to stay in the imperial palace so he could keep an eye on him
    • very paranoid about his power
    • made farming jobs hereditary
  4. Contributions of Ming Dynasty
    • Adaptation and mass production of novel
    • Wood- cut and block-printing
    • Height of porcelain production = Ming vases
    • Encyclopedias and dictionaries written
    • Most of Great Wall seen today
    • expanded the Forbidden City
    • worked tirelessly on code of laws
    • made all occupations hereditary
    • inflation
  5. Yung Lo
    began naval expeditions
  6. Zheng He
    • peasant farmer who was captured by invading forces
    • convinced the emperor to build a fleet of ships
    • 9 giant masted ships were constructed
    • used his navy to travel all throughout the pacific creating diplomatic ties
    • goal was to expand and promote Chinese trade
  7. Footbinding
    • Chinese practice of tying women's feet so tightly they don't grow
    • was considered very beautiful and elegant
    • emphasized Confucian idea of women staying at home
  8. Kublai Khan
    • started Yuan dynasty
    • ruled with Mandate of Heaven
    • Marco Polo visited china during his reign
  9. Manchus
    • started Qing dynasty
    • ended Ming dynasty
  10. Heian Period
    • period of fantasy and beauty
    • peaceful and harmonious
    • arts and religions flourished
  11. ronin
    samurai without daimyo
  12. Grand Canal
    • connected Yellow and Yangtze rivers
    • helped unify China
    • built during Sui Dynasty
  13. Kamakura Shogunate
    power of emperors decline and feudal landowners rule
  14. Minamoto Yorimoto
    • destroyed all opponents so he could become emperor
    • moved capital to Kamakura and ruled as absolute monarch
  15. Neo-Confucianism
    incorporated traits of Buddhism and Daoism
  16. Yuan Dynasty
    • founded by Kublai Khan
    • civil service exams
    • many Chinese traditions lost
    • Chinese couldn’t meet in groups of more than 3
    • built Forbidden City for Mongols
    • has Marco Polo come to his court
    • tried to conquer Japan 3 times but always failed
  17. Oda Nobunaga
    • started to unify Japan
    • began conquests to control most of Japan
  18. Toyotomi Hideyoshi
    • completed unification of Japan
    • gave samurai special privileges
    • closed off and isolated Japan
  19. Sakoku
    • no foreigners allowed in
    • no one allowed to leave
  20. Tang Dynasty
    • golden age of China
    • capital- Chang'an
    • founded by Li Yuan
  21. Tang Contributions
    • resumed civil service exams
    • codified laws
    • invented block writing = primitive printing press (not moveable type)
    • rice production greatly increased
    • merchants more vital role
    • production of tea and cotton expanded by hill terracing
    • classical period of Chinese art/literature
    • poets- Li Bo and Du Fu
    • painters- Wu Daozi and Wang Wei
  22. Genghis Khan
    • when he became chief he tried to unify all the Mongols
    • people joined:
    • for promise of plunder
    • for promise to destroy China
    • in 1206 at the annual chief meeting at Khara Khorum they declared him Genghis Khan (means “Emperor of the Universe”)
    • spent his life conquering territories
    • fought with spears and re-curved bows conquered China
  23. Taika Reforms
    • emperor’s attempt to make Japan more powerful by looking and acting like China
    • government similar to China
    • same architecture (Nara made capital and built in Chinese style)taxing system was failure and made smaller farmers sell their land and enter into the service of a more powerful family
  24. Song Dynasty
    • first paper money
    • invention of gunpowder
    • flamethrower
  25. Pax Mongolia
    Mongolican peace
  26. Tenno
    • name for Japanese emperor
    • means "holy ruler"
  27. Shogun
    • started by Minomoto Yorimoto
    • ruled over daimyo
    • supreme commander
  28. Tokugawa Ieyasu
    • ruled in Edo (Tokyo) period
    • golden age
    • absolute control and no foreign influence
    • only Nagasaki open for trade but all ships were searched for priests
    • formation of tea ceremony
    • kabuki (shadow puppets) and developed as valid art forms Zen Buddhism

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