Religious Studies - Crime and Punishment
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Muslim views on capital punishment
- Can be used for: murder, adultery and apostasy
- It is set down in the Qur'an therefore Allah must allow it
- Muhammad* agreed with its use
- May be against due to the sanctity of life
- 'Take not life which God has made sacred' - Qur'an
Christian attitudes to drugs and acohol
- Against:Against illegal use - 'law of the land should be obeyed'
- Harms the body - a 'temple of God'
- May encourage sinful behaviour
- Alcohol is much stronger than it was in biblical times
- Encourages others the and so sets a bad example
- Drinking water was dangerous in biblical times
- For drinking in moderation:One of Jesus' miracles was turning water into wine
- Moderated drinking doesn't lead to sinful behaviour
- St Paul encouraged Timothy to drink for his health
Christian views on capital punishment
- For:Bible sets it as a punishment
- Roman catholic leaders allow it
- 'an eye for an eye'
- It is a way of seeing justice is done
- A punishment for heresy
- Against:Sanctity of life
- Jesus banned retribution
- Jesus reformed people
- Jesus stopped and execution
Christian views on how people should be punished
- ReformJesus said we shouldn't judge each other
- 'those without sin should throw the first stone'
- New testament is about forgiveness
- Jesus said we should settle disagreements without the courts
- Retribution and Deterrence
- St Paul said the authorities were to uphold the law
- Church leaders say - society should deter criminals
- Old testament - 'eye for an eye'
- In the Bible God punishes people
Four types of punishment and what they are
Deterrence - harsh punishment to put people off committing a crime e.g chopping off hands for stealing
Reform - changing a criminals behaviour
Retribution - Making a criminal pay for the damage of the crime e.g community service
Protection - removing criminals from society to protect the public
Four Christian beliefs about justice
- Bible says 'let justice foll on like a river'
- Ultimate justice will be instigated by God on Judgement Day
- Churches encourage social justice as part of Christian aid and CAFOD
- Jesus said that the rich should share with the poor
Four Muslim beliefs about justice
- Allah is just and will reward the good on judgement day
- Shari'ah law brings justice about on earth
- Zakat is giving money to charity and aims to bring social justice
- The Hadith show that Muhammad* acted justly and we should follow his example
Muslim views on how we should punish people
- Deterrence and Reform are the main punishments
- Specific punishments for some crimes are given in the Qur'an
- Shari'ah law is the law from Allah who is just and merciful
- Harsh punishments are a last resort and family circumstances are taken into account
- Criminals will be punished after death too
Muslim attitudes to drugs and alcohol
- We should not abuse our bodies with drugs and alcohol as it is disrespectful to Allah
- Qur'an forbids alcohol
- Muhammad* banned and didn't use drugs and alcohol
- Muslims should obey the law of the land
- Distracts from prayer and encourages sin
Why it is important to have laws
- Laws allow for justice so that punishments are fair on the criminals and the victims
- Helps allow for a friendly peaceful community
- Reduces friction in communities due to race of religion etc.
- Protects society and keeps people safe
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