NASM CPT Chpt 7 - Flexibility

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  1. Flexibility
    Ability to move a joint through its complete rang of motion (ROM)
  2. Extensibility
    Capability to be elongated or stretched
  3. Dynamic ROM
    • Combination of flexibility and nervous system's ability to control this ROM efficiently.
    • Optimal control of movement through a joint's entire ROM
  4. Neuromuscular Efficiency
    Ability of the nervous system to recruit correct muscle (antagonists, synergists, stabilizers)  to produce force (concentrically), reduce force (eccentrically), and dynamically stabilize (isometrically) the body's structure in all 3 planes of motion.
  5. Postural Distortion Patterns
    Predictable patterns of muscle imbalances
  6. Relative Fleibility
    The tendency of the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional movement patterns
  7. Muscle imbalance
    Alteration of muscle length surrounding a given joint
  8. Reciprocal Inhibition
    The simultaneous relaxation of one muscle and the contraction of its antagonist
  9. Altered Reciprocal Inhibition
    Caused by a tight agonist muscle decreasing neural drive to its functional antagonist.
  10. Synergistic Dominence
    Neuromuscular phenomenon when synergists take over function for a weak inhibited prime mover.
  11. Arthrokinematics
    The motions of joints in the body
  12. Arthrokinetic dysfunction
    Biomechanical and neuromuscular dysfunction leading to altered join motion
  13. Autogenic Inhibition
    The process by which neural impulses that sense tension are greater than the impulses that cause the muscle to contract, providing an inhibitory effect to the muscle spindles.
  14. Pattern Overload
    Consistently repeating the same pattern of motion, which may places abnormal stresses on the body.
  15. Davi's Law
    States that soft tissue models along the lines of stress
  16. What are the 3 phases of flexibility?
    • Corrective
    • Active
    • Functional
  17. What is Corrective flexibility's objective, and how is it gone about?
    • Objective: Increase joint ROM, improve muscle imbalances, correct altered joint motion
    • How: SMR and static stretching
  18. What is Active flexibility's objective, and how is it gone about?
    • Objective: Improve the extensibility of soft tissue and increase neuromuscular efficiency by using reciprocal inhibition
    • How: SMR and active isolates stretching
  19. What is Funtional flexibility's objective, and how is it gone about?
    • Objective: increase flexibility with optimal neuromuscular control
    • How: SMR and dynamic stretching
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NASM CPT Chpt 7 - Flexibility
2013-04-13 17:40:44
NASM CPT Chpt Flexibility

NASM CPT Chpt 7 - Flexibility
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