SOCIO 220 CH 15

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oathkeepr
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SOCIO 220 CH 15
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2013-05-21 17:57:42
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Sociology 220 Chapter 15 notecards for Final Exam
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  1. Family
    • Refers to a group of people related by blood, marriage, or adoption
    • It also refers to a social institution based on kinship that functions to replace members of society and to nurture them
    • e.g., the Cosby family; the Obama family; the Bush family
    • (Kronblum, 2012, p. 372)
  2. Kinship
    • Refers to the role relations among people who consider themselves to be related by blood, marriage, or adoption
    • There are also kinship terms in various cultures
    • e.g., father, mother, kuya, ate, mei-mei, abuelo, abuela
  3. What are the three types of families?
    • Nuclear
    • Extended
    • Alternative
  4. Nuclear Family
    • Refers to a family consisting of a man, woman, and their children if they have any
    • It traditionally includes a man, woman, and children if they have any
    • e.g., the Obama family; the Bush family
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 372)
  5. Extended Family
    • Refers to a family consisting of two or more generations of people who live together or in close proximity and whose lives and livelihoods are closely intertwined
    • e.g., a grandparent and a grandchild living in the same household; a grandparent, parent, children, and other relatives living in close proximity
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 373)
  6. Fictive Kin
    A person that is not blood related and is close to the family and considered as family
  7. Alternative Families
    • Refers to a family consisting of a single parent (mother or father) and his/her children; two women and their children (if they have any); two men and their children (if they have any); a group of people engaged in group marriage
    • e.g., Jill Scott and her son; Usher and his two sons; two lesbians and their children; two gay men and their children
  8. Blended Family
    • Refers to a family based on kinship ties that accumulate as a consequence or result of divorces and remarriages
    • It also refers to a family wherein one or both of the two people in the relationship will bring in a child from a previous relationship
    • e.g., the Brady Bunch
  9. Can blended families also be nuclear families?
    • Yes.
    • e.g., Jill Scott divorces her husband and has custody of her son, then remarries to Jon Doe.
  10. Can blended families also be alternative families?
    • Yes.
    • e.g., Jill Scott divorces her husband and has cutody of her son, then marries Jane Doe.
  11. Is a domestic relationship considered a nuclear or blended family?
    • It depends on the following...
    • If it is a man and woman living together than it is nuclear.
    • If it is two men or two women living together, it is alternative.
  12. Family of Orientation
    • Refers to the family in which a person is born and raised
    • e.g., one cannot pick this type of family
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 373)
  13. Family of Procreation
    • Refers to the family in which a person forms through marriage or cohabitation
    • e.g., one can pick this type of family
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 373)
  14. Paul Click's Family Life Cycle**
    • Family formation (i.e., marriage)
    • Start of childbearing (i.e., birth of first child
    • End of childbearing (i.e., birth of last child)
    • Empty nest (i.e., last child leaves home)
    • Family dissolution (i.e., death of husband or wife)
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 379)
  15. Endogamy
    • Refers to a marriage within the racial group or ethnic group
    • e.g., a White person marries another White person; an Asian person marries another Asian person
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 389)
  16. Exogamy
    • Refers to marriage outside the racial group or ethnic group
    • e.g., a Black person marriage a person who is not black
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 389)
  17. Homogamy
    • Refers to a marriage within the racial group or ethnic group and the same social class
    • e.g., a White middle class person marriages another White middle class person
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 389)
  18. Expectations of Homogamy (Men)
    Men are expected to marry someone in either the same social class as himself or of lower social class than himself.
  19. Expectations of Homogamy (Women)
    Women are expected to marry someone in either the same or higher social class than herself.
  20. Role Reversal in Homogamy
    • Some men marry to a significant other that is in a higher social class than himself.
    • Some women marry to a significant other that is in a lower social class than herself.
  21. Monogamy
    • Refers to the situation of having one spouse
    • e.g., Barack and Michelle Obama; George and Laura Bush
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 161)
  22. Serial Monogamy
    • Refers to the situation of having more than one spouse, but not at the same time
    • e.g., Zsa Zsa Gabor has been married nine times to seven men
    • (Kornblum, 2012, p. 161)
  23. Polygamy refers to...
    the situation of having more than one spouse at the same time
  24. (1)_______ ________ are expressed as very important in (2)__________. (As in, the group is more important than the individual.
    • 1. Extended family
    • 2. polygamy
  25. What are the two types of Polygamy?
    • Polygyny
    • Polyandry
  26. Polygyny
    • Where one man has more than one spouse at the same time
    • e.g., not forbidden in Africa and the Middle East
  27. Polyandry
    • Where one woman has more than one spouse at the same time
    • e.g., once was not forbidden in Tibet and Nepal

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