the reaction of the body to an event often experienced emotionally as a sudden, violent and upsetting disturbance.
Results from a lack of regulation of the individual or during time of adverse conditions when traditional group standards no longer apply.
occurs when the individual is overly integrated into society, and has an exaggerated concern for it.
Occurs when the individual fails to become totally integrated into society or family life.
One may receive too much control by society and feel oppressed under extremely strict rules.
The sudden unexpected death of a seemingly healthy infant between four months and one year of age for which no other cause of death has been found after thorough examination of the death scene, review of medical history, and a complete autopsy.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Fourth leading cause of death in the United States for those between 15 and 24.
Most common is vehicular.
an occurrence of a severety and magnitude that normally results in death, injuries, property damage, and cannot be managed through the routine procedures and resources of the government.
an act or practice of allowing the death of persons suffering from a life-limiting condition.
Euthanasia (right to die)
disease of the human immune system that is characterized cytologically especially by reduction in the numbers of CD4-bearing helper T cells to 20 percent or less of normal thereby rendering the subject highly vulnerable to life-threatening conditions. Individual die from opportunistic infections.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
intervention intended to kill a person who is incapable of making a request to die; an infant or a young child, or a mentally incompetent patient. One unable to voice their opinion.
Involuntary active euthanasia
a factor in disasters linked to violent causes of death.
is the forgoing or withdrawal of medical treatment that offers no hope or benefit to the total well-being of the patient with the intent of causing death.
when a physician provides medications or other means for a patient to use on himself to end life. The physician does not control the act, the patient does.
A factor in disasters linked to exposure to victims of life threatening situations.
The individual who make a fully voluntary and persistent request for aid in dying
Voluntary active euthanasia
Death by an unexpected violent means is likely to cause what type of grief response?
complicated grief response.
Regarding tragic (unanticipated) deaths, what must happen before the work of mourning begins?
understanding the nature and enormity of what has happened.
What added feeling occur in regard to tragic deaths?
According to Worden, should families view the remains of a tragic death?
Yes, it relieves some of the anguish brought on by mutilation or disfigurement
What is the fourth leading cause of death for those between 15 and 24?
What are the four issues we discussed regarding accidental death?
1. Body Identification
3. Legal Issues
4. Heightened Awareness
What is the family response of someone who has been murdered?
What needs to occur for recovery to begin?
i. Murderer is caught
ii. Bail will be seen as “unjust”
iii. Trial date
iv. Mistrial or Acquittal
v. un-"just" sentence / parole
vi. parole = sense of insecurity
vii. capital punishment may not bring closure
What keeps survivors "tied to their grief?"
How does shock relate to families of suicide victims?
1. intense and long lasting
2. mental picture difficult to erase
How does bewilderment relate to families of suicide victims?
2. reason unknown
How does guilt relate to families of suicide victims?
1. often intense and long
2. feel they should have “seen it coming.”
3. feel as if they failed as a...
How does obsessive review relate to families of suicide victims?
1. intense need to understand why
2. “should have seen as sign.”
How does blame relate to families of suicide victims?
1. Someone or something must be to blame
2. may extend to law enforcement, medical examiner or therapist.
How does shame relate to families of suicide victims?
1. Suicide carries a taboo
2. Believing society hold the survivors responsible or accountable
3. funerals are altered
How does anger relate to families of suicide victims?
1. expressed toward self or toward other individuals or entities
2. later directed towards the deceased
What is the Eight leading cause of death in the U.S.?
Who has the highest suicide rate?
Who has the lowest suicide rate?
What is the second leading cause of death among the ages 15 to 24?
What CANNOT be blamed for SIDS?
What are the issues regarding SIDS deaths?
a) The memory of finding their infant dead.
b) Police or CPS investigation makes parents feel liable
c) Anger if child was in the care of another person or entity.
d) Plagued with the question “What if”?
e) Issues of explaining death to other children or a misinformed community.
What do parents need in regard to SIDS deaths?
a) Knowledge/ Education
c) Validation for both their primary loss (infant) and secondary loss (dream and expectations for the child’s future).