Ketamine

Card Set Information

Author:
Ritameeker
ID:
213270
Filename:
Ketamine
Updated:
2013-04-13 18:37:47
Tags:
Ketamine Ketalar Sedative Hypnotic analgesic
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Description:
sedative hypnotic analgesic
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  1. Ketamine

    Names / Class
    Ketalar

    • Sedative
    • Hypnotic
    • Analgesic
  2. Ketamine

    Mechanism of Action
    • Causes dissociative state.
    • Dissociation between cortical & limbic system resulting in a seemingly awake Pt who's dissociated from the environment.
    • Powerful analgesic & sedative properties.
  3. Ketamine

    Onset of Action
    Peak Effects
    Duration
    Half-Life
    • IV:
    • <1 minute
    • Varies
    • 10 - 15 minutes
    • 1 - 2 hours

    • IM:
    • <5 minutes
    • Varies
    • 20 - 30 minutes
    • 1 - 2 hours
  4. Ketamine

    Indications
    Induction agent for rapid-sequence induction/intubation
  5. Ketamine

    Contraindications
    • Hypersensitivity to the medication
    • Significantly elevated BP
  6. Ketamine

    Precautions
    • Hallucinations can occur with emergency, particularly on emergence from medication.
    • Emergency airway & resuscitative equipment & medications should be available.
  7. Ketamine

    Side Effects
    • Hallucinations
    • Increased skeletal muscle tone
    • Nausea / Vomiting
    • Increased protective airway reflexes
    • Excessive bronchial secretions
  8. Ketamine

    Adult Dose
    • 0.5 - 1.0 mg/kg IV over 30 - 60 seconds
    • OR
    • 2.0 - 4.0 mg/kg IM
  9. Ketamine

    Pedi Dose
    0.5 - 3.0 mg/kg IV or IM
  10. Ketamine

    Max Dose
    Unknown
  11. Ketamine

    Routes / How Supplied
    • IV
    • IM

    Unknown

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