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  1. The Peace Settlement: January 1919: victorious Allied nations gathered in Paris to settle __. This time, the reasons for fighting WWI were transformed from __ to __. At end of 1917, after taking govenrmetn, __ revealed contents of secret wartime treaties found in the archives of the Russian foreign ministry. These documents made it clear that European nations had gone to war primarily to __. But, __, (American) tried to shift it ot higher ground. 
    • Great War
    • selfish national interests
    • idealistic principles
    • Lenin and Blsheviks
    • achieve territory
    • Wilson
  2. Wilson's 14 Pts
    • a.      Wilson’s 14 Points: he believed they justified the enormous military struggle as being fought for a moral cause, and alter a just and lasting peace
    •                                                               i.      included “open covenants of peace” instead of secret diplomacy; reduction of national armaments to one with domestic safety; self-determination of peoples
  3. Wislon said
    •                                                               i.      He said WWI was peoples’ war waged against absolutism and militarism
    • 1.      could be ended through democracy and association of nations that would allow political independence and territorial integrity
    •                                                             ii.      his rhetoric on self-determination inspired many movements
  4. Paris Peace Conference
    • a.      Other states at Paris Peace Conference  had more pragmatic aims
    •                                                               i.      secret treaties and agreements made before war couldn’t be ignrored
    • 1.      national interests also complicated the deliberations of the Paris Peace Conferecne
    • a.      David Lloyd George, prime minister of Great Britan, had won a victory on a platform of making Germans pay for the war
  5. France's approach
    • a.      France’s approach was determined by national security
    •                                                               i.      Georges Clemenceau believed French had borne brunt of German aggression and deserved revenge and security against future German aggression
    • 1.      wanted a demilitarized Germany, vast German reparatiosn to pay for costs fo war, and a separate Rhineland as a buffer state between France and Germay
  6. Another consideration
    • a.      Another consideration affected negotiontiosn: fear that Bolshevik revolution would spread from Russia elsewhere
    •                                                               i.      led Allies to enlarge/ strengthen eastern Europeans states as Poland, Czech. and Romania at expense of Germany and Russia
  7. Although 27 nations
    • a.      Although 27 nations were represented at Paris Peace Conference, the most important decisions were made by Wilson, Clemenceau, and Lloyd George
    •                                                               i.      Italy was one of the BigFour but wasn’t so important
    •                                                             ii.      Germany wasn’t invited and Russia couldn’t because of civil war
    • 1.      Allies didn’t want to negotiate with them
  8. The Big Three
    • a.      The Big Three quarreled
    •                                                               i.      Wilson determined to create “league of nations” to prevent future wars
    •                                                             ii.      Clemenceau and Lloyd George wanted to punish Germany
    •                                                           iii.      In the end, only compromise made int possible to achieve peace settlement
  9. Jan 25 1919
    • 1.      On jan 25, 1919, the conference adopted the principle fo the League of Nations
    • a.      details left for later and Wilson agreed to make compromises on territorial arrangements to guarantee the establishment of the League, believing that a functioning League could later rectify bad arrangements
  10. Clemenceau
    • a.      Clemenceau compromised to obtain some guarantees for French security
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      he renounced France’s desire for a separate Rhineland and accepted a defensive alliance with Great Britain and the US
    • 1.      both states agreed to help France if Germayn attacked it
Card Set:
2013-04-14 03:24:20
HON 122

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