25.4.2

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DesLee26
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213306
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25.4.2
Updated:
2013-04-13 23:44:37
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HON 122
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FINAL
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  1. The Treaty of Versailles
    • a.      final peace settlement of Paris had five separate treaties with the defeated nations—Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottomans
    • b.      Treaty of Versailles with Germany, signed on june 28, 1919, was the most important
    •                                                               i.      Germans thought it harsh, overlooking that the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which they imposed on Bolshevik Russia, was even more severe
  2. Article 231
    • 1.      Germans were unhappy with Articl 231: War Guilt Clause, which declared Germany and Austria responsible for war and ordered Germany to pay reparations for all the damage to which the Allied governments and their people were subjected as a result of the war
    • 2.      no amount determined until later
  3. Military and territorial provisions
    •                                                               i.      Military and territorial provisions of the treaty rankled Germans, although they were by no means as harsh as the Germans claimed
    • 1.      germany had to reduce army to 100k men, cut back navy and eliminate air force
  4. territorial loss
    • 1.      Territorial losses included cession of Alsace and Lorraine to France and sections of Prussia to the new Polish state
    • a.      German land west and as far as 30 miles east of the Rhine was established as demilitarized zone and stripped of all armaments or fortifications to serve as a barrier to any future German military moves westward against France
  5. Outraged
    •                                                               i.      Outraged, the new German government vowed to resist rather than accept the treaty, but it had to accept
    • 1.      rejection meant renewal of the war

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