Card Set Information
Biology Domains Bacteria Archaea Eukarya
What are the three domains?
What do Bacteria and Archaea have in common ?
Both contain unicellular prokaryotes - (which lacks membrane-bounded nucleus)
What kind of environment do Archaea live in?
Archaea live in extreme conditions
-environments that lack oxygen
-extreme salty, hot, or acidic environments.
What elements make up the most weight of living things?
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur
often occurs when monomers are bonded together during a ____________ reaction, which involves the
removal of H20
What is the molecular formula of a simple sugar?
What are two other isomers of glucose?
Fructose and galactose
Glucose + Glucose ----> _____________.
Monosaccharide + Monosaccharide, undergo ____________ reaction to form a disaccharide.
Plants store glucose as ____________.
Animals store glucose as _______________.
Starch is a chain of glucose molecules that is _________.
Starch can be found branched or non branched. However, glycogen is highly more branched than starch
Cellulose is the most abundant of all carbohydrates
Cellulose is also the most abundant organic molecule on Earth!
The exoskeleton of crabs, lobsters, and insects are made up of ____________, which is another example of a polysaccharide.
________________ have double bonds.
An example of this would be corn oil.
Unsaturated fatty acids
_____________ fatty acids have no double bonds.
An example of this would be better.
Saturated fatty acids.
Saturated fatty acids have a ________ melting point .
Butter in room temperature is a solid.
Corn oil (unsaturated) is liquid in room temperature,
Waxes have a ________ melting point.
Waxes are solid in room temperature.