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Who is considered to the father of the scientific study of adolescence?
- Stanley Hall (February 1, 1844 – April 24, 1924)
- - Focused on childhood development and evolutionary theory
- - Inspired by Wilhelm Wundt's Principles of Physiological Psychology, in 1878 he earned his doctorate in psychology under William James at Harvard University, the first psychology doctorate awarded in America
What is the developmental psyhology theory called of Margarete Mead?
- Socio cultural view
- Her reports about the attitudes towards sex in South Pacific and Southeast Asian traditional cultures amply informed the 1960s sexual revolution.
This theorist suggested the transition from adolescence to adulthood could be relatively "stress-free" IF they witnessed "natural" things such as child birth, sex, death, sex-play and participated in important work.
Margarete Mead in Samoa
Cite the Inventionist view concisely
- The view that "ADOLESCENCE" is a
- sociohistorical creation.
- Especially important in this view are the
- sociohistorical circumstances at the beginning of the twentieth century:
- A time when legislation was enacted that ensured the dependency of
- youth and made their status more adult-like. This view says that the "great conflicts" during adolescence is not so much about biology as about CULTURE and expectations of adolescence as: a) Not being children, but b) not having adult status. (being responsible without being given responsibility)
Who said that adolescence is a "time where feelings, thoughts and actions oscillates between extremes & mood swings and conflicts are thus inevitable"
WHO coined the term
meaning a generaliztion about adolescents based on information about a
limited, highly visible group of adolescents.
WHAT was the term?
- Adelson proposed In the 60s that stereotyping is not a matter of a generational gap but a Adolescent generalization gap
- Example of media exposure fueling perception of adolescent as deviant
Daniel Offer is known for a famous study - whih one?
A cross-cultrual study showed that a very common stereotype - that adolescents are unhappy - is not true.
What is a general requirement for someone to be considered a young adult, and give 2 examples?
- Independence, economically or socially - for example, moving away from home or getting a full-time job
12-14 is considered to be which of the following periods?
a) Early adolescence
b) Mid adolescence
c) Late adolescence
- a) Early adolescence
- The primary task: Pubertal change
What impact does information technology and tougher job markets have on transition?
Longer transition from adolescence to adulthood, e.g. increased demand of university degrees.
Who proposed the term "Youth" and what does it refer to?
- Kenniston's term for the
- transitional period between adolescence and adulthood that is a time of
- economic and personal temporariness.
What are 2 characteristics of "Emerging adulthood" and between what ages is still considered to be?
- Experimentation and Exploration; 18-25
Return of egocentrism happens again during which period, and what are some characteristics of adolescent egocentrism?
- Usually returns in early adolescence (12-14), the heightened self-consciousness
- of adolescents, which is reflected in their belief that others are as
- interested in them as they are in themselves and being "on stage" (imaginary audience)
In western society we consider early experiences very important. Which theorist is primarily responsible for this?
- Freud, Freud and Freud
- In Asia, age 6+ is considered more important because of the cognitive development during this age (Concrete operational stage)