Disease Diagnosis

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Author:
medic11
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213401
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Disease Diagnosis
Updated:
2013-04-15 22:14:32
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BI 301
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Diseases Ch 10-13
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  1. S&S = Stiff neck, pounding HA.  Red patches on skin. Resp tract infection x several days.  Spinal fluid reveals Gram neg diplococci
    Meningitis
  2. S&S = Acid fast bacilli appear in sputum.  Deep cough w/blood occasionally.  Mantoux test pos. Pt lives in ghetto & is malnourished.
    TB
  3. S&S = Pt owns pet shop specializing in canaries.  HA & dry cough resembling influenza.  Tetracycline appears to reduce symptoms.
    Psittacosis
  4. S&S = Throat red, raw & has beefy look.  Swollen lymph nodes. High fever, Pink red blush appearing on chest & neck.  Blood samples reveal bacterial cell in a chain.
    Scarlet Fever
  5. Membranous accumulations in throat, labored breathing; high fever, Gram pos bacilli w/metachromatic granules are isolated fr throat washings
    Diptheria
  6. S&S = Young child w/rapid fire stacato coughs all in 1 breath.  Stridor on inspiration; child exhausted fr coughing and fever
    Pertussis
  7. S&S = Pt recently visited dairy farm where raw milk was tasted.  Pt now exhibiting flu-like symptoms w/fever & dry cough.  Bacterial cells not found in tissue.
    Q-fever
  8. S&S = Pt has high fever during the day & lower at night w/chills. Gram neg sm rods in the blood. Pt drinks raw milk
    Brucellosis
  9. S&S = Rice water stool, eyes gray, skin is wrinkled & cold, muscle cramps in extremities, losing a liter of water an hr and pt comatose.  Lab results reveal Gram neg curved rods
    Cholera
  10. S&S = Pt exhibiting slurred speech, diff swallowing & chewing, labored breathing, flaccid paralysis.  Labs unremarkable.  Pt cans veggies fr garden
    Botulism
  11. S&S = Pt c/o piercing pain fr intestine, high fever and delirium.  Exam reveals rose colored blotchy skin spots on abd.  Labs show Gram neg rods
    Typhoid fever
  12. S&S = Pt c/o abd cramps, NVD.  Neg fever.  Pt had warm coleslaw w/dinner 6 hrs ago
    Staphylococcal food poisoning
  13. Meningococcal meningitis involves what organs?
    CSF and meninges
  14. Tuberculosis involves what organs?
    Lungs
  15. Primary atypical pneumonia involves which organs.
    Lungs
  16. ____ is a bacterial genus that may be involved in Travelers Diarrhea or hemolytic uremic syndrome.
    • Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli
  17. ____ is used for treating established cases of Botulism.
    Antitoxin
  18. ___ is the region of the body in which species of Campylobacter colonize.
    The small or large intestine
  19. ____ is the approx incubation for staphylococcal food poisoning.
    1-6 hrs
  20. ___ is the species of Bacillus organisms associated with food borne disease.
    cereus
  21. ____ results from a child's ingestion of food containing endospores.
  22. ___ is the disease other than clostridial food poisoning that Clostridium perfringens causes.
    Gas gangrene
  23. What distinguishes clostridial food poisoning from staphylococcal food poisoning?
    Incubation time for clostridial is 8-24 hrs where as for staph it is 1-6 hrs
  24. ____ is the antibiotic generally prescribed for typhoid fever.
    Centrifaxone
  25. ____ is the bacterium species that causes cholera.
    Vibrio cholerae
  26. ____ is the name for bloody diarrhea due to E. coli 0157:H7.
    Acute hemorrhagic diarrhea
  27. ____ is an important cause for infantile diarrhea.
    Enteropathogenic E. coli
  28. ____ is the highly resistant structure that may contaminate foods and lead to B. cereus food poisoning
  29. ___ is the type of white blood cell infected by Listeria.
    A monocyte
  30. ____ is the grp of organic substances in food that encourage the growth of Clostridium perfringens.
    Protein
  31. ____ is a laboratory growth medium that will support the growth of Staphylococcus aureus.
    Mannitol salt agar
  32. ___ is the organic substance found in newer typhoid fever vaccines.
    • Ty21a vaccine
    • Composed of a weakened strain of S. typhi
  33. ____ is the approx incubation period for salmonellosis.
    6-48 hrs
  34. ____ is an alternate name for diseases due to Shingella species.
    Dysentery
  35. T or F; Botulism can be avoided by chilling foods thoroughly before consuming them.
    False - by heating them to 90⁰C for 10 mins
  36. T or F; Salmonellosis can properly be called Salmonella food poisoning, as a toxin is ingested in foods.
    True
  37. T or F; Cases of cholera can be caused by Vibrio cholerae transmitted by contaminated food or water.
    True
  38. T or F; Shigellosis is primarily a disease of the nervous system as the toxin affects the release of acetylcholine.
    False - It is a disease that invades the epithelial cells of the intestine
  39. T or F; Certain individuals recovering fr typhoid fever can be carriers and continue to shed typhoid bacilli for a year or more.
    True
  40. T or F; The disease formerly known as ptomaine poisoning is now correctly known as clostridial food poisoning.
    False - Ptomaines were alkaloids found in dead or decaying animals and vegitables
  41. T or F; A number of organisms can cause travelers diarrhea but several studies point to Aeromonas hydrophila as the principle agent.
    False - E. coli is principle
  42. T or F; Brucellosis is a occupational hazard of farmers, vets, dairy plant workers and others who deal w/lg animals,
    True
  43. T or F; Salmonella typhi displays high resistance to acid, which is why it can survive passage thru the stomach.
    True
  44. T or F; The incubation period for staphylococcal food poisoning is considerably greater than that for salmonellosis.
    False - Incubation for salmonellosis is 6-48 hrs where as it is only 1-6hrs for staphyloccocal
  45. T or F; The major focus of brucellosis in humans is the blood rich organs such as the spleen or lymph nodes.
    False - Brucellosis is more systemic but focussing on muscles
  46. T or F; It is not possible to be immunized against cholera.
    False - It is possible but only for short periods of time
  47. T or F; Three forms of listeriosis are disease of the meninges, disease of the blood and disease of the uterus.
    True
  48. T or F; The diarrhea that accompanies brucellosis is generally more severe than the accompanying cholera.
    False - The diarrhea assoc with is much more severe and dehydrating
  49. T or F; Eggs can be a source of salmonellosis because Salmonella serotypes infect chickens & turkeys.
    True
  50. T or F; Tx of those suffering from botulism involves administering lg doses of antitoxins.
    True
  51. T or F; Vibrio parahaemolyticus has emerged as one of the most common causes of bacterial diarrhea in the US.
    False - This is true in Japan and in parts of the world where seafood is a primary food source
  52. T or F; Many of the bacterial species that cause foodborne and waterborne illnesses in humans are Gram neg rods.
    False - Bacterial species are both Gram pos and neg
  53. Woolsorters disease is what?
    Anthrax fr wool processing, form of pneumonia resembling the common cold
  54. What is a papule?
    A raised itchy bump that resembles an insect bite
  55. A papule that contains pus is called a ____.
    Pustule
  56. Tetanospasmin is defined as. . .
    The second most powerful neurotoxin known to science produced by Clostridium tetani
  57. Trismus occurs when?
    When spasms of the jaw muscles cause the teeth to clench
  58. What is gangrene?
    A condition that develops when blood flow ceases to a part of the body usually resulting from a vascular blockage by dead tissue
  59. ___ is a bacterial infection that produces gas in tissues in gangrene. It is a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by Clostridium perfringens bacteria
    Myonecrosis
  60. ____ is an infectious disease that is transmitted between species from animals other than humans to humans or from humans to other animals
    Zoonosis
  61. Weil disease is defined as what?
    Aka Leptospirosis is caused by infection with bacteria of the genusLeptospira and affects humans as well as other animals
  62. Bipolar Staining is described as what?
    A characteristic of a bacteria that causes it to be heavily stained at the poles giving it a safety pin appearance
  63. An organism, often an invertebrate arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from reservoir to host is known as as a ____.
    Vector
  64. Hemorrhaging in the lymph nodes usually as a result of bubonic plague that causes painful and substantial swelling is call what?
    Buboes
  65. A slowly expanding rash at the site of a tick bite is known as ___ ___.
    Erythema Migrans or EM
  66. A maculopapular rash is defined as what?
    A type of rash characterized by a flat, red area on the skin that is covered with small confluent bumps.
  67. ___ ___ is a moderately serious disease transmitted by body lice and caused by the bacterium Bartonella quintana
    Trench fever
  68. ___-___ disease is believed to be a relapse of an earlier case of epidemic typhus in which Rickettsia prowazekii remains dormant in the pt for many years.
    Brill-Zinsser
  69. What is the vector for epidemic typhus?
    Body lice of the genus Pediculus
  70. What is the vector for Bubonic plague?
    Small rodents
  71. What is the vector for Tuleremia?
    Rabbits and ticks
  72. What is the vector for Rickettsialpox?
    Hard ticks
  73. What is the vector for endemic typhus?
    Fleas and lice
  74. What is the vector for trench fever?
    Body lice
  75. What is the vector for Lyme disease?
    Ticks
  76. What is the vector for tsutsugamushi?
    Mite infestation
  77. What is the vector for relapsing fever?
    The tick Ornithodoros or body lice
  78. What is the vector for ehrlichiosis.
    Ticks
  79. T or F; The mortality rate for untreated cases of anthrax is low?
    False - Mortality in untreated anthrax is high
  80. T or F; The plague occurs in 3 forms bubonic, septicemic and pneumonic.
    True
  81. T or F; Symptoms of anthrax may involve skin, intestine and lungs.
    True
  82. T or F; The second most powerful toxin produced by bacterial species is synthesized by the organism the plague.
    False - the second most powerful toxin is tetanospasmin.  A neurotoxin related to tetanus
  83. T or F; Meliodosis has been called a medical time bomb for its property to remain dormant in the body for many years.
    False
  84. T or F; The symptoms of Tetnus derive fr sustained and uncontrolled contractions of the muscles.
    True
  85. T or F; Trench fever is so named b/c it occurred in soldiers stationed in the trenches in Vietnam.
    False - came out of World War I
  86. T or F; The enzymes hyaluronidase and lecithinase are both associated with the disease gas gangrene.
    False - Enzymes hyaluronidase & DNase
  87. T or F; A possible complication of Lyme disease is arthritis.
    True
  88. T or F; Spores of the tetanus organism occur in the kidneys of many humans.
    False - Spores are found barnyard and garden soils containing animal manure
  89. T or F; Various forms of tularemia may occur depending on whether the organism enters the body by arthropod bite, eye splashing, inhalation or food consumption.
    True
  90. T or F; Depending on the vector, relapsing fever may be endemic or epidemic.
    True
  91. T or F; Ehrlichiosis is an infection of white blood cells.
    True

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