Card Set Information
Diseases Ch 10-13
S&S = Stiff neck, pounding HA. Red patches on skin. Resp tract infection x several days. Spinal fluid reveals Gram neg diplococci
S&S = Acid fast bacilli appear in sputum. Deep cough w/blood occasionally. Mantoux test pos. Pt lives in ghetto & is malnourished.
S&S = Pt owns pet shop specializing in canaries. HA & dry cough resembling influenza. Tetracycline appears to reduce symptoms.
S&S = Throat red, raw & has beefy look. Swollen lymph nodes. High fever, Pink red blush appearing on chest & neck. Blood samples reveal bacterial cell in a chain.
Membranous accumulations in throat, labored breathing; high fever, Gram pos bacilli w/metachromatic granules are isolated fr throat washings
S&S = Young child w/rapid fire stacato coughs all in 1 breath. Stridor on inspiration; child exhausted fr coughing and fever
S&S = Pt recently visited dairy farm where raw milk was tasted. Pt now exhibiting flu-like symptoms w/fever & dry cough. Bacterial cells not found in tissue.
S&S = Pt has high fever during the day & lower at night w/chills. Gram neg sm rods in the blood. Pt drinks raw milk
S&S = Rice water stool, eyes gray, skin is wrinkled & cold, muscle cramps in extremities, losing a liter of water an hr and pt comatose. Lab results reveal Gram neg curved rods
S&S = Pt exhibiting slurred speech, diff swallowing & chewing, labored breathing, flaccid paralysis. Labs unremarkable. Pt cans veggies fr garden
S&S = Pt c/o piercing pain fr intestine, high fever and delirium. Exam reveals rose colored blotchy skin spots on abd. Labs show Gram neg rods
S&S = Pt c/o abd cramps, NVD. Neg fever. Pt had warm coleslaw w/dinner 6 hrs ago
Staphylococcal food poisoning
Meningococcal meningitis involves what organs?
CSF and meninges
Tuberculosis involves what organs?
Primary atypical pneumonia involves which organs.
____ is a bacterial genus that may be involved in Travelers Diarrhea or hemolytic uremic syndrome.
____ is used for treating established cases of Botulism.
___ is the region of the body in which species of
The small or large intestine
____ is the approx incubation for staphylococcal food poisoning.
___ is the species of
organisms associated with food borne disease.
____ results from a child's ingestion of food containing endospores.
___ is the disease other than clostridial food poisoning that
What distinguishes clostridial food poisoning from staphylococcal food poisoning?
Incubation time for clostridial is 8-24 hrs where as for staph it is 1-6 hrs
____ is the antibiotic generally prescribed for typhoid fever.
____ is the bacterium species that causes cholera.
____ is the name for bloody diarrhea due to
Acute hemorrhagic diarrhea
____ is an important cause for infantile diarrhea.
____ is the highly resistant structure that may contaminate foods and lead to
___ is the type of white blood cell infected by
____ is the grp of organic substances in food that encourage the growth of
____ is a laboratory growth medium that will support the growth of
Mannitol salt agar
___ is the organic substance found in newer typhoid fever vaccines.
Composed of a weakened strain of
____ is the approx incubation period for salmonellosis.
____ is an alternate name for diseases due to
T or F; Botulism can be avoided by chilling foods thoroughly before consuming them.
False - by heating them to 90⁰C for 10 mins
T or F; Salmonellosis can properly be called
food poisoning, as a toxin is ingested in foods.
T or F; Cases of cholera can be caused by
transmitted by contaminated food or water.
T or F; Shigellosis is primarily a disease of the nervous system as the toxin affects the release of acetylcholine.
False - It is a disease that invades the epithelial cells of the intestine
T or F; Certain individuals recovering fr typhoid fever can be carriers and continue to shed typhoid bacilli for a year or more.
T or F; The disease formerly known as ptomaine poisoning is now correctly known as clostridial food poisoning.
False - Ptomaines were alkaloids found in dead or decaying animals and vegitables
T or F; A number of organisms can cause travelers diarrhea but several studies point to
hydrophila as the principle agent.
T or F; Brucellosis is a occupational hazard of farmers, vets, dairy plant workers and others who deal w/lg animals,
T or F;
displays high resistance to acid, which is why it can survive passage thru the stomach.
T or F; The incubation period for staphylococcal food poisoning is considerably greater than that for salmonellosis.
False - Incubation for salmonellosis is 6-48 hrs where as it is only 1-6hrs for staphyloccocal
T or F; The major focus of brucellosis in humans is the blood rich organs such as the spleen or lymph nodes.
False - Brucellosis is more systemic but focussing on muscles
T or F; It is not possible to be immunized against cholera.
False - It is possible but only for short periods of time
T or F; Three forms of listeriosis are disease of the meninges, disease of the blood and disease of the uterus.
T or F; The diarrhea that accompanies brucellosis is generally more severe than the accompanying cholera.
False - The diarrhea assoc with is much more severe and dehydrating
T or F; Eggs can be a source of salmonellosis because
serotypes infect chickens & turkeys.
T or F; Tx of those suffering from botulism involves administering lg doses of antitoxins.
T or F;
has emerged as one of the most common causes of bacterial diarrhea in the US.
False - This is true in Japan and in parts of the world where seafood is a primary food source
T or F; Many of the bacterial species that cause foodborne and waterborne illnesses in humans are Gram neg rods.
False - Bacterial species are both Gram pos and neg
Woolsorters disease is what?
Anthrax fr wool processing, form of pneumonia resembling the common cold
What is a papule?
A raised itchy bump that resembles an insect bite
A papule that contains pus is called a ____.
Tetanospasmin is defined as. . .
The second most powerful neurotoxin known to science produced by
Trismus occurs when?
When spasms of the jaw muscles cause the teeth to clench
What is gangrene?
A condition that develops when blood flow ceases to a part of the body usually resulting from a vascular blockage by dead tissue
___ is a bacterial infection that produces gas in tissues in gangrene. It is a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by Clostridium perfringens bacteria
____ is an infectious disease that is transmitted between species from animals other than humans to humans or from humans to other animals
Weil disease is defined as what?
Aka Leptospirosis is caused by infection with bacteria of the genusLeptospira and affects humans as well as other animals
Bipolar Staining is described as what?
A characteristic of a bacteria that causes it to be heavily stained at the poles giving it a safety pin appearance
An organism, often an invertebrate arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from reservoir to host is known as as a ____.
Hemorrhaging in the lymph nodes usually as a result of bubonic plague that causes painful and substantial swelling is call what?
A slowly expanding rash at the site of a tick bite is known as ___ ___.
Erythema Migrans or EM
A maculopapular rash is defined as what?
A type of rash characterized by a flat, red area on the skin that is covered with small confluent bumps.
___ ___ is a moderately serious disease transmitted by body lice and caused by the bacterium
___-___ disease is believed to be a relapse of an earlier case of epidemic typhus in which
remains dormant in the pt for many years.
What is the vector for epidemic typhus?
Body lice of the genus
What is the vector for Bubonic plague?
What is the vector for Tuleremia?
Rabbits and ticks
What is the vector for Rickettsialpox?
What is the vector for endemic typhus?
Fleas and lice
What is the vector for trench fever?
What is the vector for Lyme disease?
What is the vector for tsutsugamushi?
What is the vector for relapsing fever?
or body lice
What is the vector for ehrlichiosis.
T or F; The mortality rate for untreated cases of anthrax is low?
False - Mortality in untreated anthrax is high
T or F; The plague occurs in 3 forms bubonic, septicemic and pneumonic.
T or F; Symptoms of anthrax may involve skin, intestine and lungs.
T or F; The second most powerful toxin produced by bacterial species is synthesized by the organism the plague.
False - the second most powerful toxin is tetanospasmin. A neurotoxin related to tetanus
T or F; Meliodosis has been called a medical time bomb for its property to remain dormant in the body for many years.
T or F; The symptoms of Tetnus derive fr sustained and uncontrolled contractions of the muscles.
T or F; Trench fever is so named b/c it occurred in soldiers stationed in the trenches in Vietnam.
False - came out of World War I
T or F; The enzymes hyaluronidase and lecithinase are both associated with the disease gas gangrene.
False - Enzymes hyaluronidase & DNase
T or F; A possible complication of Lyme disease is arthritis.
T or F; Spores of the tetanus organism occur in the kidneys of many humans.
False - Spores are found barnyard and garden soils containing animal manure
T or F; Various forms of tularemia may occur depending on whether the organism enters the body by arthropod bite, eye splashing, inhalation or food consumption.
T or F; Depending on the vector, relapsing fever may be endemic or epidemic.
T or F; Ehrlichiosis is an infection of white blood cells.