speech science test 3 chapter 12

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  1. What is situated at the posterior of the brain and is dedicated to the reception and processing of visual information?
    Occipital Lobe
  2. Area 17 forms?
    Primary Visual Cortex
  3. Areas 18 & 19 form?
    Visual Association Cortex
  4. What responds differentially to different types of visual input such as movement, color, & shape?
    Visual Association Cortex
  5. Is not an anotomically seperate lobe, but is made up of the medial margins of the frontal, parietal, & temporal lobes.
    Limbic Lobe
  6. Comprises the limbic lobe as well as the amygdala, hippocampus, & other structures.
    Limbic System
  7. Is involved in emotional & sexual function, feeding behavior, & tempature regulation.
    Limbic System
  8. 2 structures of the limbic system that are particularly important to human communication.
    • 1. Hippocampus
    • 2. Amygdala
  9. This is involved with learning & memory, allowing a person to form new memories & transfer them from short-term to long-term memory.
  10. This is involved in assigning emotions to events & behaviors, plus memory building deciding what facts & events are important enough to commit to long-term memory.
  11. Major commisural pathway linking the 2 hemispheres of the brain.
    Corpus Callosum
  12. Found in the medial parts of the brain & arranged longitudinally running from the anterior to the posterior regions of the brain.
    Corpus Callosum
  13. Can link areas of cortex within the same hemipshere or in adjacent areas, & can be short or long.
    Association Fibers
  14. 2 major bundle of nerve fibers that form the primary links between the cortex and other regions of the CNS.
    • 1. Internal Capsule
    • 2. Corona Radiata
  15. What contains several relativley large clusters of nerve cell bodies, including the caudate, globus pallidus, putamen, & substantia nigra.
    Basal Nuclei
  16. What neurotransmitter is involved with the basal nuclei?
  17. If the basal nuclei is damaged a patient may experience.
    Excessive Involuntary & Uncontrollable Movements, Such as Tics & Tremors (Parkinsons)
  18. Regulates posture, balance, background muscle tone, & coordination of muscle groups.
    Basal Nuclei
  19. Contains many nuclei which process & transmit information to & from many cortical locations.
  20. Nuclei that receive & transmit nerve impulses to & from SPECIFIC cortical areas.
    Relay Nuclei
  21. Nuclei that receive & transmit to BROADER cortical areas.
    Association Nuclei
  22. Which thalmic nuclei are the most important involved in speech & hearing.
    Ventral Anterior, Ventral Lateral, & Medial & Lateral Geniculate Bodies
  23. Regulates visceral and emotional behavior & is not under concious control.
  24. The brainstem is a collective term for these 3 seperate but tightly linked structures.
    • 1. Midbrain
    • 2. Pons
    • 3. Medulla
  25. What is the site of many reflexes involved in respiration, body temperature, swallowing, digestion, & origin of the cranial nerves?
  26. What is the core of the brainstem that controls complex patterns of movement involved in breathing, cardiac function, & swallowing (AKA visceral functions)?
    Reticular Formation
  27. This controls our state of alertness & level of conciuosness & is also part of the brainstem.
    Reticular Activating System
  28. A short structure consisting of the 2 cerebral peduncles & the superior & inferior colliculi.
  29. 2 masses of grey matter in the midbrain that project to the MEDIAL geniculate nucleus of the thalamus & are involved in auditory processing.
    Inferior Colliculli
  30. 2 masses of grey matter in the midbrain that project to the LATERAL geniculate nucleus of the thalamus & are involved in visual processing. 
    Superior Colliculi
  31. Midbrain is the point of origin for these 2 cranial nerves.
    • 1. CN III Oculomtor
    • 2. CN IV Trochlear
  32. Located inferior to the midbrain & anterior to the cerebellum,
  33. Acts as a bridge between the cerebellum and the rest of the nervous system.
  34. Pons is the point of origin for these 4 cranial nerves.
    • 1. CN V Trigeminal
    • 2. CN VI Abducent
    • 3. CN VII Facial
    • 4. CN VIII Vestibulocochlear
  35. Point of decussation where most nerve fibers from the motor cortex cross over & continue the oppisite side of the body.
  36. This mediates many reflexes such as coughing, sneezing, & vomiting.
  37. The medulla is the most inferior portion of the brainstem. T/F
  38. Medulla is the oint of origin for these 4 cranial nerves.
    • 1. CN IX Glossopharyngeal
    • 2. CN X Vagus
    • 3. CN XI Spinal Accessory
    • 4. CN XII Hypoglossal
  39. Located posterior to the brainstem & inferior to cerebrum.
  40. The inferior & middle cerebellar peduncles receive.
    Sensory Information
  41. Transmits motor information to the thalamus and ultimately the cerebral cortex.
    Superior Cerebellar Peduncle
  42. Coordinates movements in terms of direction, force, speed, timing, & degree of displacement.
  43. The spinal cord is divided into 5 portions.
    • 1. Cervical C1-C8 (neck)
    • 2. Thoracic T1-T12 (chest)
    • 3. Lumbar L1-L5 (lower back)
    • 4. Saccral S1-S5 (pelvis)
    • 5. Coccygeal Co1 (tail bone)
  44. Back of head, neck, shoulders, diaphragm, arms, hands.
    Cervical - C1-C8
  45. Ribs, back, abdomen
    Thoracic - T1-T12
  46. Lower back, thighs, legs
    Lumbar - L1-L5
  47. Thighs, buttocks, legs, feet
    Saccral - S1-S5 & Coccygeal - Co1
  48. These horns receive sensory information.
    Dorsal or Posterior
  49. These horns project fibers to skeletal muscles.
    Ventral or Anterior
  50. SENSORY pathways in the spinal cord include.
    • 1. Spinothalamic Tract
    • 2. Spinocerebellar Tract
  51. MOTOR pathways in the spinal cord include.
    • 1. Lateral Corticospinal Tract (pyramidal tract)
    • 2. Anterior Corticospinal Tract
    • 3. Rubrospinal Tract
    • 4. Lateral Vestibulospinal Tract
  52. Region where posterior and anterior horns meet is called.
    Intermediate Zone
  53. Myelinated sensory & motor pathways bundled into large tracts are called.
  54. Funiculi include.
    • 1 Dorsal
    • 1 Ventral
    • 2 Lateral
  55. All spinal nerves contain both________ & _________ fibers.
    Sensory & Motor
  56. Spinal nerves enter & exit the spinal cord through.
    Intervertebral Foramina
  57. There are 4 types of spinal nerves.
    • 1. General Somatic Afferents (GSA)
    • 2. General Visceral Afferents (GVA)
    • 3. General Somatic Efferents (GSE)
    • 4. General Visceral Efferents (GVE)
  58. Sensory; Skin, Proprioceptors
  59. Sensory; Digestive Tract, Respiratory System
  60. Motor; Skeletal Muscles
  61. Motor; Glands, Smooth Muscles, Heart
  62. The 12 pairs of cranial nerves transmit information to & from the ______ & ______ regions.
    Face & Neck
  63. Special Somatic Afferent (SSA) nerves transmit information from the special senses including.
    • 1. Hearing
    • 2. Equilibrium
    • 3. Vision
    • 4. Taste
  64. Special Visceral Efferent (SSE) nerves carry motor commands to the ________ muscles, which develop from the brachial arch.
  65. Cranial nerves can also be classified as GSA, GVA, GSE, & GVE. T/F
  66. Cranial nerves most important for speech & hearing include.
    • 1. CN V Trigeminal
    • 2. CN VII Facial
    • 3. CN VIII Vestibulocochlear
    • 4. CN IX Glossopharyngeal
    • 5. CN X Vagus
    • 6. CN XII Hypoglossal
  67. CN V, the Trigeminal is made up of 3 branches.
    • 1. Opthmalic
    • 2. Maxillary
    • 3. Mandibular
  68. The GSA fibers of CN V: Trigeminal transmit information about.
    • Touch
    • Pressure
    • Pain
    • Proprioception
    • Temperature
  69. The SVE fibers of CN V: Trigeminal innervate.
    • Muscles of Mastication
    • Tensor Veli Palatini
    • Tensor Tympani
    • Some Extrinsic Laryngeal Muscles
  70. This is a complex nerve containing GSA, SVA, GVE, & SVE fibers.
    CN VII: Facial
  71. The SVE fibers of CN VII: Facial supply nerve impulses to.
    • Muscles of Facial Expressions
    • Stapedious Muscle
    • Various Extrinsic Laryngeal Muscles
  72. The GSA fibers of CN VII: Facial transmits sensory information from.
    External Ear
  73. The SVA fibers of CN VII: Facial carries ________ information from the anterior 2/3 of the tongue.
  74. The GVE fibers of CN VII: Facial transmit motor information to which glands?
    Lacrimal (Tears) & Salivary
  75. This nerve has 2 SSA branches (vestibular & cochlear).
    CN VIII: Vestibulocochlear
  76. The vestibular fibers arise from _________ ________, _________, & _________ in the inner ear.
    • Semicircular Canals
    • Utricle
    • Saccule
  77. The vestibular fibers relay information to the CNS about.
    Balance & Haed Position
  78. The cochlear fibers arise from the inner hair cells in the cochlea & transmits ________ _________.
    Auditory Information
  79. CN VIII; Vestibulocochlear also has a small SVE component with motor information from the.
    Brainstem to the Inner Ear
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speech science test 3 chapter 12
2013-04-14 18:46:50
nervous system middle chapter speech hearing science tmyatt

speech and hearing science, nervous system
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