PSYCH 1200

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Author:
xx.chelsii
ID:
213443
Filename:
PSYCH 1200
Updated:
2013-04-14 15:45:34
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Chapter 10
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Description:
Intelligence
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  1. Intelligence Test
    A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them. Using numerical scores
  2. Intelligence
    A mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience; solve problems; and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
  3. General Intelligence (g)
    • Spearman:
    • A general intelligence factor that underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured┬áby every task on an intelligence task
  4. Factor Analysis
    A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related factors on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie a person`s total score
  5. Savant Syndrome
    Condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill
  6. Creativity
    The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
  7. Emotional Intelligence
    Ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions
  8. Mental Age
    Binet: The level of performance typically associated with a certain chronological age
  9. Stanford-Binet
    The widely used American revision of Binet's original intelligence test
  10. Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
    • Defined originally as the ratio of mental age.
    • (ma) to chronological age (a) multiplied by 100
    • IQ=ma/a x 100
    • Average performance for a given age is assigned to a score of 100
  11. Achievement Tests
    Test designed to assess what a person has learned
  12. Aptitude Test
    Test designed to predict a person's future performance; Aptitude is capacity to learn
  13. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
    Most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance subtests
  14. Standardization
    Define meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested group
  15. Normal Curve
    Symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes
  16. Reliability
    The extent to which a test yields consistent results
  17. Validity
    The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to be
  18. Content Validity
    The extent to which a test samples he behaviour that is of interest
  19. Predictive Validity
    • The success with which a test predicts the behaviour it is designed to predict
    • Assessed by: computing the correlation between test scores and criterion behaviour
  20. Mental Retardation or Intellectual Disability
    A condition of limited mental ability; intelligence score of 70 or below
  21. Down Syndrome
    Condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21
  22. Stereotype Threat
    A self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype

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