PSYCH 1200

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PSYCH 1200
2013-04-14 18:56:59
Chapter 12

Emotions, Stress, and Health
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  1. Emotion
    A response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behaviours, and (3) conscious experience
  2. James-Lange Theory
    The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli
  3. Cannon-Bard Theory
    The theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers (1) physiological responses, and (2) the subjective experience of emotion
  4. Two-factor Theory
    The Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one must (1) be physically aroused and (2) cognitively label the arousal
  5. Polygraph
    The machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measures several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion
  6. Catharsis
    Emotional release. In psychology, the catharsis maintains that "releasing" aggressive energy relieves aggressive urges
  7. Feel-Good, Do-Good Phenomenon
    Peoples tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood
  8. Subjective well-being
    Self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life
  9. Adaption-level Phenomenon
    Our tendency to form judgements (of sounds, lights, income) relative to a neutral level defined by our prior experience
  10. Relative Deprivation
    The perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself
  11. Behavioural Medicine
    An interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioural and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
  12. Health Psychology
    A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioural medicine
  13. Stress
    The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
  14. General Adaption Syndrome (GAS) (p.529)
    Seloye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three states - alarm, resistance, exhaustion
  15. Coronary Heart Disease
    The clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries
  16. Type A
    Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people
  17. Type B
    Friedman and Rosenman's term for easy-going, relaxed people
  18. Psychophysiological Illness
    Literally "mind-body" illness; any stress related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches
  19. Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
    The study of psychological, neural, and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health
  20. Lymphocytes
    • The two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system:
    • B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections
    • T lymphocytes form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances
  21. Coping
    Alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioural methods
  22. Problem-Focused Coping
    attempting to alleviate stress directly - by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor
  23. Emotion-focused Coping
    Attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction
  24. Aerobic Exercise
    Sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety
  25. Biofeedback
    A system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension
  26. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)
    As yet unproven health care treatments intended to supplement or serve as alternatives to conventional medicine, and which typically are not widely used in hospital or reimbursed by insurance. Acupuncture etc.