anatomy lab cat test

Card Set Information

Author:
giaquintov
ID:
213708
Filename:
anatomy lab cat test
Updated:
2013-04-15 19:28:52
Tags:
anatomy lab cat test
Folders:

Description:
anatomy lb cat test terms
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user giaquintov on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. in the cat there are 3 of these;
    located near the angle of the jaw;
    function in moistening food and in initiating digestion
    salivary glands
  2. located ventral to the ear just behind the angle of the jaw
    parotid gland
  3. crosses the masseter muscle and opens into the vestibule of the mouth at the level of the last premolar
    parotid duct
  4. somewhat triangular in shape and is located ventral to the parotid gland
    mandibular gland
  5. passes deep to the digastric muscle and opens into the floor of the mouth rostral to the frenulum
    mandibular gland
  6. tissue attaching the inferior surface of the tongue to the floor of the mouth
    frenulum
  7. small, located anterior to and seemingly a part of the mandibular gland
    sublingual gland
  8. the external openings to the nasal cavity
    external nares
  9. the space above the hard palate
    nasal cavity
  10. the bony roof of the mouth
    hard palate
  11. What divides the nasal cavity into 2 halves?
    the nasal septum
  12. the openings between the nasal cavity and the nasopharynx
    internal nares
  13. the space between the lips and the cheek and the gumbs and the teeth
    vestibule
  14. the muscular structure attached to the floor of the oral cavity;
    4 types of papillae on it
    tongue
  15. spinous in form and cover most of the dorsum of the tongue
    filiform papillae
  16. scattered among the filiform papillae
    fungiform papillae
  17. lie in a "V" shaped pattern with the point of the "V" directed caudally
    vallate papillae
  18. found on the lateral edges of the tongue
    foliate papillae
  19. associated with all papillae except the filiform papillae
    taste buds
  20. the roof of the mouth;
    positioned between the mouth and the nasal cavity
    palate
  21. The ____ _____ lies anterior at the roof of the mouth and arises from the palatine bones.
    hard palate
  22. the space below the hard palate
    oral cavity
  23. tissue folds passing from the sides of the caudal portion of the tongue to the soft palate.
    these mark the boundary between the oral cavity and the pharynx.
    palatoglossal arches
  24. the space ventral to the soft palate;
    lies between the palatoglossal arches and the free edge of the soft palate
    oropharynx
  25. the space dorsal to the soft palate
    nasopharynx
  26. the space between the free edge of the soft palate and the opening to the larynx;
    communicates ventrally with the esophagus and the larynx and dorsally with the oropharynx and nasopharynx
    laryngopharynx
  27. slit-like openings in the dorsolateral wall of the nasopharynx
    openings to the Eustachian tubes
  28. masses of lymphatic tissue that are embedded in the lateral walls of the oral pharynx;
    in small depressions called tonsilar fossa
    palatine tonsils
  29. slit-like opening to the larynx
    glottis
  30. tongue-like structure which extends cranially above the larynx;
    covers the glottis during swallowing to prevent food from entering the larynx
    epiglottis
  31. cartilaginous box attached to the cranial aspect of the traches
    larynx
  32. cartilage found in the epiglottis
    epiglottic cartilage
  33. cranial cartilage that forms the ventral walls of the larynx
    thyroid cartilage
  34. ring of cartilage found between the thyroid cartilage of the glottis
    arytenoid cartilages
  35. mucosal fols extending from the arytenoids cartilages to the base of the epiglottis;
    they form the lateral boundaries of the glottal opening
    false vocal cords
  36. folds which are positioned caudally to the false vocal cords inside the larynx;
    whitish elevated ridges of tissue;
    pass from the arytenoids cartilages to the thyroid cartilage
    true vocal cords
  37. space between the lateral extensions of the epiglottic cartilage and the false vocal cords
    vestibule of the larynx
  38. space between the false and true vocal cords
    ventricle of the larynx
  39. forms a sling for the support of the tongue and it is embedded in muscles cranial to the larynx
    hyoid bone
  40. tube supported by cartilage leading from the larynx to the lungs;
    branches into bronchii
    trachea
  41. muscular tube lying dorsal to the trachea;
    leads from the laryngopharaynx to the stomach
    esophagus
  42. dome-shaped muscle located bt the thoracic and abdominal cavities
    diaphragm
  43. spaces between the pleural membranes in which the lungs are found;
    contain a watery secretion produced by the pleura
    pleural cavities
  44. collective name for the serous membrane enclosing the spaces into which the lungs project
    pleura
  45. the portion of the pleura lining the thoracic wall
    parietal pleura
  46. the portion of the pleura covering each lung
    visceral pleura
  47. space between the medial walls of the 2 pleura cavities;
    occupied by the heart and it's covering of pericardium
    mediastinum
  48. the double thickness of pleura attaching each lung to the thoracic wall;
    blood vessels to the heart and the bronchi to the lungs pass through this ligament
    pulmonary ligament
  49. masses of epithelium and connective tissue lying in the pleural cavities;
    surrounded by visceral pleura;
    lungs
  50. large artery to the left of the vertebral column;
    passes through the dorsal portion of the mediastinum
    aorta
  51. paired white strands found on each side of the pericardial cavity and heart;
    responsible for stimulating contraction of the diaphragm during inspiration
    phrenic nerves
  52. mass of lymphoid tissue found in the upper reaches fo the thoracic cavity
    thymus
  53. paired cranial nerves which innervate many structures in the thoracic and abdominal cavities
    vagus nerves
  54. collective name for the connective tissue epithelium membranes about the heart
    pericardium
  55. part of the serous pericardium which lines the fibrous pericardium;
    secretes a watery fluid into the pericardial cavitY
    Parietal pericardium
  56. part of the serous membrane which covers the external surface of the heart;
    secretes a watery fluid into the pericardial cavity
    visceral pericardium
  57. space between the parietal and visceral pericardia
    pericardial cavity
  58. serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the viscera
    peritoneum
  59. portion of the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
    parietal peritoneum
  60. portion of the peritoneum that covers the visceral organs
    visceral peritoneum
  61. reflections of double thickness of peritoneum between the abdominal organs and the abdominal wall
    mesenteries
  62. digestive gland located just caudal to the diaphragm;
    has left, right, caudal, and quadrate lobes
    liver
  63. connects the liver to the diaphragm and ventral body wall
    falciform ligament
  64. pear-shaped sac ocated in a depression in the right medial lobe of the liver;
    concentrates and stores bile produced by the liver
    gall bladder
  65. duct leaving the gall bladder
    cystic duct
  66. ducts draining the liver
    hepatic duct
  67. duct formed by the uniting of the cystic ad hepatic ducts;
    carries bile to the duodenum releasing it into a depression in the intestinal wall called the duodenal ampulla
    common bile duct
  68. j-shaped expanded region of the digestive tract lying to the left side of the peritoneal cavity just caudal to the liver
    stomach
  69. region of the stomach adjacent to the esophagus
    cardiac region of the stomach
  70. region of the stomach that is dome-shaped and extend craniall to the left of the cardiac stomach
    fundus of the stomach
  71. main region of the stomach
    body of the stomach
  72. part of the stomach that is a narrow terminal at the end of the stomach
    pyloric region
  73. muscular sphincter located at the terminal end of the pyloric stomach
    pylorus
  74. longitudinal ridges which course along the inner surface of the stomach
    rugae
  75. longer, left caudal margin of the stomach
    greater curvature of the stomach
  76. shorter, right, cranial margin fo the stomach
    lesser curvature of the stomach
  77. part of the dorsal mesentry which attaches to the greater curvature of the stomach and cover the intestine;
    forms a sac like structure called the omental bursa
    greater omentum
  78. large glandular structure located in the omentum on the left side of the abdomen ;
    attached the to stomach by a portion of the reater omentum
    spleen
  79. attaches the spleen to the stomach
    gastrolienic ligament
  80. double thickness of mesentry that extends from the lesser curvature of the stomach and the duodenum to the live
    lesser omentum
  81. tissue suspending the small and large intesting from the dorsal body wall
    mesentery
  82. portion o the digestive system extending from the pylorus of the stomach to the beginning of the large intestine;
    3 segments
    small intestine
  83. 3 segments of the small intestine
    • duodenum
    • jejunum
    • ileum
  84. portion fo the digestive system extending from the small intestine to the anus
    large intestine
  85. out pocket of the lg intestine extending cranially on the right side of the abdomen;
    1st part of the lg intestine
    cecum
  86. region of the lg intestine extending cranially on the right side of the abdomen
    ascending colon
  87. region of the large intesting that extends caudally into the pelvic colon
    transverse colon
  88. region of the lg intestine that extends caudally into the pelvic colon
    descending colon
  89. s-shaped segment of the lg intestine found between the descending colon and rectum in humans, but not in cats
    sigmoid colon
  90. terminal part of the large intestine;
    extends caudally through the pelvic canal
    rectum
  91. terminal opening of the large intestine
    anus
  92. portion of the dorsal mesentery which supports the colon
    mesocolon
  93. exocrine-endocrine gland located in the greater omentum extending from near the duodenum to the spleenl
    pancreas
  94. this duct opens to the duodenum along with the common bile duct
    pancreatic duct
  95. this duct opens to the duodenum approximately one centimeter caudal to the main duct
    accessory pancreatic duct
  96. found in the caudal region of the ab. cavity;
    depending on whether it contains urine, it either looks like an expanded bag or a muscular sac
    urinary bladder
  97. 2 bean-like structures in the abdominal cavity
    kidneys
  98. y-shaped uterus which lies ventral to the colon in the caudal half of the abdominal cavity
    uterus
  99. 2 dorsal chambers of the heart;
    they receive blood from the tissues of the body and propel it to the ventricles
    atria
  100. a fat-filled groove that separates the atria from the ventricles of the heart
    coronary sulcus
  101. 2 ventral chambers of the heart;
    have thick muscular walls and pump blood to the tissues
    ventricles
  102. large veins which return blood from the tissues to the right atrium of the heart
    superior and inferior venae cavae
  103. large artery which exits the right ventricle of the heart;
    divides into 2 pulmonary arteries which carry unoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
    pulmonary trunk
  104. 4 vessels which return oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left ventricle of the heart
    pulmonary veins
  105. large artery which carries oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to the tissues of the body
    aorta
  106. arise from the aorta in association with the semilunar valves;
    they course along the heart's external surface in the groove between the atria and ventricles;
    supply the heart muscle with blood
    coronary arteries
  107. endothelial lining of the heart
    endocardium
  108. 3 tissue folds about the lumen of the pulmonary artery;
    prevents blood from flowing back into the right ventricle during right ventricular relaxation
    pulmonary semilunar valve
  109. right AV valve located bt the right atrium and right ventricle;
    prevent backflow into the right atrium furing right ventricular contraction
    tricuspid valve
  110. left AV valve located bt the left atrium and left ventricle;
    prevent backflow into the left atrium furing left ventricular contractions
    bicuspid valve
  111. specialized cardiac muscle to which the cusps of the AV valves are attached
    papillary muscle
  112. tendinous cords which attach the papillary muscles to the cusps of the semilunar valves;
    anchors the cusps of the AV valves to prevent their reflux into the atria during ventricular contraction
    chordae tendinae
  113. depression in the interarterial wall that marks the location of the foramen ovle and opening bt the fetal atria
    fossa ovalis
  114. vein which returns blood from the heart muscle to the right atrium
    coronary sinus
  115. prevents blood from re-entering the heart during left ventricular relaxation
    aortic SL valve
  116. artery passing from the right ventricle to the lungs
    pulmonary aorta
  117. artery carrying oxygenated blood to all parts of the body
    aorta
  118. 2 arteries from pockets of the aortic SL valves; they supply the heart muscle with blood
    coronary arteries
  119. first artery arising from the transverse region of the aorta from the aortic arch
    brachiocephalic artery / branch
  120. vessel suppliying the right pectoral appendages
    subclavian artery
  121. vessel arising from the dorsal surface of the subclavian at the level of the first rib;
    passes dorsal to the cervical vertebra where it passes through the transverse foramina to the brain
    vertebral artery
  122. artery arising from the dorsal surface of the subclavian at the level fo the first rib
    costocervical artery
  123. artery arising fom the subclavian artery near the cranial border of the first rib
    thyrocervical artery
  124. vessel arising from the ventral surface fo the subclavian at the level of the first rib;
    anastomses with the inferior epigastric artery
    internal mammary artery
  125. continuation of the subclavian artery which originates at the lateral border of the first rib and continues lateral through the axilla
    axillary branch of the artery
  126. slendery artery arising from the axillay a shot distance lateral of the first rib;
    extends cranially supplying the pectoralis transversus and profundus muscles
    anterior thoracic artery
  127. vessel arising from the axillary about five mm lateral of the origin of the anterior thoracic artery;
    supplies the pectoralis profundus and xiphihumeralis muscles
    long thoracic artery
  128. artery arising from the axillary about 1 cm lateral of the origin of the long thoracic artery;
    subscapular artery
  129. continuation of the axillary artery into the arm
    brachial branch of the artery
  130. artery ariging from the brachial artery;
    supplies the biceps brachii muscles
    anterior humeral circumflex artery
  131. vessel arising from the brachial branch as the brachial branch begins to closely follow the median nerve;
    supplies the lateral and long heads of the triceps, the latismus dorsi, and the tensor fascia muscles
    deep brachial artery
  132. vessels arising from the brachial artery about 1 cm proximal of the supracondyloid foramen;
    supply the triceps and biceps
    muscular branches
  133. vessel arising in te area of the muscular branches;
    it enters the shaft of the humerus
    nutrient
  134. artery arising from the brachial at the level of the muscular branches;
    supplies the biceps, pecs, and continues down the forearm to the hand and digits
    superior collateral radial artery
  135. artery arising from the brachial artery at the level of the muscular branches;
    supplies the triceps and structures above the elbow
    collateral ulnar artery
  136. conitnuation fo the brachial artery down the medial surface of the forearm to the hand
    radial artery branch
  137. artery supplying the head region
    right common carotid artery
  138. artery arising from the common carotid trunk of the innominate
    inferior thyroid artery
  139. vessel to the musculature of the neck;
    arises at the same level as the superior thyroid
    muscular branch
  140. artery arising from the common carotid just befiore it divides to form the internal and external carotids;
    passes ventrally to the pharyngeal area
    cranial laryngeal
  141. artery originating from the common carotid at the same level as the occipital artery;
    present only during embryonic development in the cat
    internal carotid
  142. continuation of the common carotid artery into the head
    external carotid artery
  143. artery arising from the external carotid soon after it splits from the common carotid
    occipital artery
  144. artery arising from the external carotid just cranial and ventral to the occipital or from the occipital artery;
    supplies the pharyngeal muscles, soft palate, and the muscles of the neck
    ascending pharyngeal artery
  145. artery arising from the external carotid;
    passes cranial supplying the hyoid musculature and the tongue
    lingual artery
  146. artery airisng from the external carotid artery;
    passes cranial to supply the submax gland and lips
    external max. artery
  147. artery airisng from the external carotid artery;
    goes towards the ears
    posterior auricle artery
  148. artery airisng from the external carotid artery;
    supplies the masseter and auricle;
    arches above the eye to the nose
    superficial temporal artery
  149. continuation of the axternal carotid artery deep to the masseter uscle;
    supplies structures in the head
    maxxilary / internal maxillary artery
  150. NONE DONE PAST THE MAXILLARY ARTERY...
    NONE DONE PAST THE MAXILLARY ARTERY...

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview