Personality vocabulary

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Personality vocabulary
2013-04-16 00:07:31
Psychology personality

Psychology 203 Chapter 12 vocabulary
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  1. An individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking and feeling.
  2. A series of answers to a questionnaire that asks people to indicate the extent to which sets of statements or adjectives accurately describe their own behavior or mental state.
  3. Well-researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess personality and psychological problems.
    Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
  4. Standard series of ambiguous stimuli designed to elicit unique responses that reveal inner aspects of an individual's personality.
    Projective techniques
  5. A projective personality test in which individual interpretations of the meaning of a set of unstructured inkblots are analyzed to identify a respondent's inner feelings and interpret his or her personality structure.
    Rorschach Inkblot Test
  6. Projective personality test in which respondents reveal underlying motives, concerns, and the way they see the social world through the stories they make up about ambiguous pictures of people.
    Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  7. Personality as a combination of traits.
    Trait Approach
  8. A relatively stable disposition to behave in a particular and consistent way.
  9. The traits of the five-factor model:  Conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness to experience, and extraversion.
    Big Five
  10. Approach that regards personality as formed by needs, strivings, and desires largely operating outside of awareness - motives that can produce emotional disorders.
    Psychodynamic approach
  11. Active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person's deepest instincts and desires, and the person's inner struggle to control these forces.
    Dynamic unconscious
  12. The part of the mind containing drives present at birth; it is the source of our bodily needs, wants, desires, and impulses, particularly our sexual and aggressive drives.  Psychodynamic approach
  13. Component of personality, developed through contact with the external world, that enables us to deal with life's practical demands.  Psychodynamic approach
  14. Mental system that reflects the internalization of cultural rules, mainly learned as parents exercise their authority.  Psychodynamic approach
  15. Unconscious coping mechanisms that reduce anxiety generated by threats from unacceptable impulses.
    Defense mechanisms
  16. Defense mechanism that involves supplying a reasonable-sounding explanation for unacceptable feelings and behavior to conceal (mostly from oneself) one's underlying moties or feelings.
  17. Defense mechanism that involves unconsciously replacing threatening inner wishes and fantasies with an exaggerated version of the opposite.  Love-hate
    Reaction formation
  18. Defense mechanism that involves attributing one's own threatening feelings, motive, or impulses to another person or group.
  19. Defense mechanism in which the ego deals with internal conflict and perceived threat by reverting to an immature behavior or earlier stage of development
  20. Defense mechanism that involves shifting unacceptable wishes or drives to a neutral or less-threatening alternative.
  21. Defense mechanism that helps deal with feelings of threat and anxiety by enabling us unconsciously to take on the characteristics of another person who seems more powerful or better able to cope.
  22. Defense mechanism that involves channeling unacceptable sexual or aggressive drives into socially acceptable and culturally enhancing activities.
  23. Distinct early life stages through which personality is formed as children experience sexual pleasures from specific body areas and caregivers redirect or interfere with those pleasures.
    Psychosexual stages
  24. A phenomenon in which a person's pleasure-seeking drives become psychologically stuck, or arrested, at a particular psychosexual stage.
  25. The first psychosexual stage, in which experience centers on the pleasures and frustrations associated with the mouth, sucking and being fed.  0-18 months.
    Oral stage
  26. The second psychosexual stage, which is dominated by the pleasures and frustrations associated with the anus, retention and expulsion of feces and urine, and toilet training.  2-3 years.
    Anal stage
  27. The third psychosexual stage, during which experience is dominated by the pleasure, conflict, and frustration associated with the phallic-genital region as well as coping with powerful incestuous feelings of love, hate, jealousy and conflict.  3-5 years.
    Phallic stage
  28. Developmental experience during the psychosexual phallic stage in which a child's conflicting feelings toward the opposite-sex parent are (usualy) resolved by identifying with the same-sex parent.
    Oedipus conflict
  29. The fourth psychosexual stage, in which the primary focus is on the further development of intellectual, creative, interpersonal and athletic skills.  5-13 years.
    Latency stage
  30. The final psychosexual stage, a time for the coming together of the mature adult personality with a capacity to love, work, and relate to others in a mutually satisfying and reciprocal manner.
    Genital stage
  31. The human motive toward realizing our inner potential.
    Self-actualizing tendency
  32. A school of thought that regards personality as governed by an individual's ongoing choices and decisions in the context of the realities of life and death.
    Existential approach
  33. An approach that views personality in terms of how the person thinks about the situations encountered in daily life and behaves in response to them.
    Social cognitive approach
  34. The question of whether behavior is caused more by personality or by situational factors.
    Person-situation controversy
  35. Dimensions people use in making sense of their experiences.  How we each perceive a situation.
    Personal constructs
  36. A person's assumptions about the likely consequences of future behavior.  From past experience, what do we think will happen if we use a baseball bat to break the ex's car window?
    Outcome expectancies
  37. A person's tendency to perceive the control of rewards as internal to the self or external in the environment.
    Locus of control
  38. A person's explicit knowledge of his or her own behaviors, traits, and other personal characteristics.
  39. The tendency to seek evidence to confirm the self-concept.
  40. The extent to which an individual likes, values and accepts the self.
  41. People's tendency to take credit for their successes but downplay responsibility for their failures.
    Self-serving bias
  42. A trait that reflects a grandiose view of the self combined with a tendency to seek admiration from and exploit others.
  43. The subconscious reason people prefer letters from their own name, move to streets, cities or states similar to their own name or choose a profession that sounds similar to their name.
    Implicit egotism
  44. The brain system that activates in anticipation of reward.
    Behavioral activation system (BAS)
  45. The brain system that inhibits behavior in anticipation of punishment.
    Behavioral inhibition system (BIS)