Microbiology

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
2138
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2009-12-02 20:52:04
Tags:
pathogens
Folders:

Description:
Bacteria and Viruses
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  1. Staphylococcus aureus
    • Catalase +Capsule/ Biofilm
    • Coagulase +Alpha/Beta/Exfoliative toxins
    • Super Ag; TSST

    • halotolerant Impetigo/Furuncle/Wound infection
    • Beta hemolyticPneumonia/ Endocarditis
  2. CONS
    Coagulase Negative Staph
  3. S. epidermidis
    • novobiocin sensitive
    • normal flora
  4. S. pyogenes
    • Group A carbs
    • 80+ M proteins
    • avoids opsonization, C3b
    • SpeA-C toxins
    • Hyaluronic acid capsule
    • Beta hemolysis
    • Pharyngitis/Imetigo/Pneumonia
    • Penicillin!
    • Rheumatic fever/Scarlet fever
  5. Group B Step
    • S. agalactiae
    • Group B Carbs
    • gut flora
    • capsule, sialic acid
    • neonatal meningitis
    • Penicillin
  6. Viridans Strep
    • normal flora
    • alpha or non hemolytic
    • Dental carries- S. mutans
  7. Streptococcus pneumonia
    • otitis media
    • Pneumonia/meningitis/bacteremia
    • 90 capsule types
    • IgA protease/ capsule
    • Vaccines
    • adult- polysaccharide
    • kids- conjugate vaccine
    • Penicillin
  8. Enterococcus faecalis/faecium
    • halotolerant
    • nonhemolytic
    • adhesins
    • opportunists
    • mrsa
  9. Neisseria meningitidis
    • Bacterial meningitis polysaccharide vaccine
    • gram - diplococci
    • oxidase +
    • pili
    • IgA protease
    • caspules- Ab is protective
    • iron binding proteins
  10. Neisseria gonorrhoreae
    • pyogenic cocci
    • no immunity; no vaccine
    • pili
  11. Bacillus anthracis
    • gram + rods
    • endospores
    • AB exotoxins on plasmids
    • Ab is protective
    • zoonosis
  12. Clostridium botulinum
    • neurotoxin
    • botulism
    • antitoxin
    • toxoid vaccine
  13. E. coli
    • Gram - rod
    • Catalase +
    • Oxidase -
    • UTI/ adhesins to bladder cells
    • Gastroenteritis
    • EPEC- microvilli damage
    • EIEC- watery diahhrea
    • EHEC- bloody urine
  14. Salmonella
    • enterica- gastroenteritis
    • typhi-enteric fever / typhoid- vaccine
    • cholerasuis- gastroenteritis/systemic infection

    M cell adhesion
  15. Shigella
    • S. dysenteriae, S. sonnei, S. flexneri, S. bovdii
    • invade M cells
    • Shiga toxin
    • Dysentery - no vaccine
  16. Yersinia entercolytica
    • entercolitis
    • zoonosis
    • enteric rod
    • no vaccine
  17. Yersinia pestis
    • plague
    • killed vaccine
  18. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    • burn victims
    • cystic fibrosis
    • otherwise normal flora
  19. Campylobacter sp.
    • G curved rods, spiral shaped
    • Gastroenteritis
    • zoonosis
    • Guillain-Barre
    • no vaccines
  20. Heliobacter pylori
    • heat shock protein
    • ulcers
    • proton pump inhibitor + tetracycline

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