British Lit

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British Lit
2013-04-15 22:25:27
British Lit

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  1. antonym
    word opposite in meaning to another

    ex. fast is an antonym of slow
  2. Bosworth Field
    • ended War of the Roses 
    • Earl of Richmond defeated Richard III at Battle of Bosworth Field and became Kind Henry VII-7 he was a red rose
  3. Carpe Diem
    seize the day
  4. Comic relief
    • momentary suspension of tension
    • relief from heavy drama or tension
    • chance for audience to laugh
  5. Courtiers
    member of the court that is close to the King or Queen lived in the Castle
  6. court jester
    fool, joker, told stories
  7. cuckold
    A man married to an unfaithful wife
  8. Globe Theatre
    built in 1599 Burned in 1613 druing performance of Henry 7
  9. Hedonism
    persuite of happiness
  10. Hyperbole
    exaggeration, emphase the truth
  11. In medias res
    • Into the middle of a narrative; without preamble.
    • Into the midst of things.
  12. Litotes
    ironic understatment
  13. Lord Chamberlain's Men
    was a playing company for whom William Shakespeare wrote for most of his career. Richard Burbage played most of the lead roles, including Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, while Shakespeare himself performed some secondary roles. Formed at the end of a period of flux in the theatrical world of London, it had become, by 1603, one of the two leading companies of the city and was subsequently patronised by James I.
  14. Martin Luther
    supposedly nailed his credo to the church door. has been credited with starting the protestant reformation
  15. masque
    sumptuous, elaborately costumed performance of dance, song, poetry---mask balls
  16. metaphor
    • figure of speech 
    • ex. he has a heart like stone
  17. Mystery Play
    retold Bible stories
  18. Miracle Play
    Bible stories focused on the lives and miracles of Saints
  19. Morality Play
    didn't tell Bible stories or focus on the life of a saint. still taught some good, moral lessons.
  20. Paradox
    a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.

    ex. Don't go near the water until you've learned to swim
  21. Pageant Wagon
    mobil stage build by various craft guilds
  22. 3 Plays
    • Mystery
    • Miracle
    • Morality
  23. Petrarchan Sonnet
    • 14 lines
    • A sonnet containing an octave with the rhyme scheme (abba abba) and a sestet following any of various patterns such as (cde cde). Also called Italian sonnet
  24. Shakespearean Sonnet
    • Always end in a rhyming couplet
    • 14 lines
    • The sonnet form used by Shakespeare, composed of three quatrains and a terminal couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern (abab cdcd efef gg). Also called Elizabethan sonnet, English sonnet.

  25. Problem/ Solution Formula
    • Problem all sentences before the last two (1-12 lines)
    • Last two lines are Solution (13-14)
  26. Renaissance
    involve the rebirth of letter and arts with recovery of text and books and artifacts
  27. Richard III
    last Plantagenet King (The House of York)
  28. Setting of Dr. Faustus
    Wittenberg, Germany
  29. Seven Deadly Sins
    1.Lust-is an inordinate craving for the pleasures of the body.

    2. Gluttony- is an inordinate desire to consume more than that which one requires.

    3. Greed- is the desire for material wealth or gain, ignoring the realm of the spiritual. It is also called Avarice or Covetousness.

    4. Sloth- is the avoidance of physical or spiritual work.

    5. Wrath- is manifested in the individual who spurns love and opts instead for fury.

    6. Envy- is the desire for others' traits, status, abilities, or situation.

    7. Pride- is excessive belief in one's own abilities, that interferes with the individual's recognition of the grace of God. It has been called the sin from which all others arise. Pride is also known as Vanity.
  30. Simile
    • comparison, usually using the word "like" or "as" of one thing with another so as the produce sometimes surprising analogies. 
    • ex. busy as a bee
  31. Succubus
    demon spirit that gets into human form in order to have sex with mortals
  32. Characteristics of the Tragic Hero
    (According to Aristotle)
    1. Hero of high and noble birth or possesses nobleness of character

    2. Tragic Flaw- and error in judgement or a personality defect

    3.Painful downfall

    4. Tragic vision- an increased understanding of himself or the universe

    5.Catharsis- the evoking of pity and fear; a purging or cleansing emotion

    6.Return to order- complication are resolved  some sense of normally returns (hero dies or villain)
  33. sight rhyme
    two words that should rhyme but they dont
  34. Soliloquy
    character alone on stage speaking his/her thoughts out loud
  35. The 4 Humors
    1.Choleric-yellow bile



    4.Melancholy-black bile
  36. Aside
    not alone on stage but talking directly to audience where other characters cant hear
  37. Shakespeare Plays
    1. History

    2. Comedy

    3. Tragic
  38. Haps
    • example of evolution 
    • (used haps for fortune or fate)