CRJ Quiz 3
Card Set Information
CRJ Quiz 3
Quiz 3, chapters 7-9
Prior to the 1960s, the US Supreme court maintained a _______________ when it came to interfering with the procedures used by state and local police.
All arrests and search and seizures are based on which amendment?
the Fourth Amendment
All arrests must be based upon what?
In this case, the US Supreme Court ruled that a police officer may, under certain conditions, lawfully detain a suspect without arresting them.
Terry v Ohio, 1968
The level of evidence that a police officer needs in order to conduct a "stop and frisk".
The exclusionary rule was originally established in this US Supreme Court case.
Weeks vs U.S., 1914
This Supreme Court case made the exclusionary rule applicable to all police officers in the US.
Mapp v Ohio, 1961
These are two exceptions to the exclusionary rule.
Good faith exception and the inevitable discovery exception.
This allows an officer to conduct a complete search of an arrested person as well the area within their immediate control.
Search incident to a lawful arrest
This doctrine states that if a police officer is lawfully at a location and he sees contraband within his view, he may seize it without a warrant.
The Plain View Doctrine
In this Supreme Court case, the court first recognized that vehicles are highly mobile and police do not usually have time to obtain a search warrant.
Carroll vs U.S., 1925
In this case, the Supreme Court recognized that police could not coerce or physically abuse suspects in order to obtain a confession.
Brown v. Mississippi 1936
The Miranda Rights are required to be given to a suspect prior to any questioning, when the suspect is going to be questioned where?
In a custodial setting.
What are the two primary divisions of the court system in the U.S?
Civil and Criminal Courts
A civil wrong
Where in the Constitution is the Supreme Court created?
Article III, Section 1
The territory, subject matter,, or persons over which a court has legal authority to hear and decide a certain type of case.
The federal court system is a ______ tiered system
The trial court in the federal court system is the ____________.
How many Regional Circuit Courts of Appeal are there in the federal court system?
Who is the current Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
Once a case is accepted for review by the US Supreme Court, the Court issues this.
A writ of certiorari
In two-tiered court states, appeals from the trail court go directly where?
To the court of Last Resort within the state.
When a person is arrested, they are takend to a jail facility where they are ________.
This is the posting of money, property, or other collateral by an arrested person to guarantee that they will appear in court to answer the charges against them.
The first time an arrested person, who is unable to make bail, sees a judge or magistrate is during their ___________.
This hearing is a formal court preceding that is used to determine if there is probably cause to justify the arrest of the suspect.
Preliminary or Probable Cause Hearing
How many citizens who have been subpoenaed to serve on the jury for a specific amount of time make up a grand jury?
The first time the defendant is brought before the court that has the jurisdiction to actually conduct the trial is called this.
How often is plea bargaining used in felony convictions in the state courts?
This amendment guarantees the right to a speedy trial as well as the right to counsel.
The group of prospective jurors summoned by the court to report at a specified date and time.
This is the questioning of prospective jurors to determine their qualifications to sere on the jury.
Who has the burden of proof in a criminal trial?
The last phase of a jury trial before the jury begins deliberations is when the judge gives the jury
charge or instructions