Chapter 46 Workbook Terms.txt

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Chapter 46 Workbook Terms.txt
2013-04-16 01:26:43
Nursing Pain assessment

Lewis and Clark Nursing school
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  1. Acute Pain
    Sudden of slow onset, regardless of its intensity
  2. Allodynia
    Non-painful stimuli that produces pain (Fibromyalgia - sheets brushing feet)
  3. Agonist Analgesic
    Pure opioid drugs that provide maximum pain inhibition
  4. Agonist Antagonist Analgesic
    Can act like opioids and relieve pain when given to a client who has not taken any pure opioids
  5. Cancer Pain
    Pain associated with the disease, treatment, or other factors associated with cancer
  6. Central Neuropathic Pain
    Results from malfunctioning nerves in the central nervous system (spinal cord injury pain)
  7. Chronic Pain
    Prolonged, usually recurring or lasting more than 3 months, interferes with functioning of adls
  8. Coanalgesic
    Not classified as a pain medication but may reduce pain alone or in combination with other analgesics: may potentiate the effects of pain medications
  9. Dysesthesia
    Unpleasant, abnormal sensation that can be either spontaneous or evoked
  10. Effleurage
    Type of massage consisting of long, slow, gliding strokes
  11. Equianalgesia
    Refers to relative potency of various opioid analgesics compared to a standard dose of parenteral morphine
  12. Fifth Vital Sign
    Pain Assessment
  13. Hyperalgesia and Hyperpathia
    Heightened responses to a painful stimuli (severe pain from a paper cut)
  14. Mild Pain
    1-3 on a 1-10 scale
  15. Moderate Pain
    rated 4-6 on a 1-10 pain scale
  16. Nerve Block
    Chemical interruption of a nerve pathway, effected by injecting a local anesthetic into the nerve
  17. Neuropathic Pain
    associated with damaged or malfunctioning nerves due to illness, injury, or undetermined reasons
  18. Nociception
    Physiological processes related to pain perception
  19. Nociceptice Pain
    Experienced when an intact, properly functioning nervous system sends signals that tissues are damaged
  20. Nociceptors
    Specialized pain receptors
  21. Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS)
    A nonopioid pain medication that has anti-inflammatory analgesic, and anti-pyretic effects
  22. Pain
    An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage
  23. Pain Managment
    Alleviation of pain or reduction in pain to a level of comfort that is acceptable to the client
  24. Pain Threshold
    Least amount of stimuli necessary for a person to label a sensation as pain
  25. Pain Tolerance
    The most pain an individual is will or able to bear before taking evasive actions
  26. Patient-Controlled Analgesic (PCA)
    Interactive method of pain management that permits clients to treat their pain by self administering doses of analgesics
  27. Peripheral Neuropathic Pump
    Phantom limb pain
  28. Placebo
    Any medication that produces effect in a client resulting in implicit or explicit intent, not from its physical or chemical porperties
  29. Preemptive Analgesic
    Administration of analgesic before surgery to decrease or relieve pain after surgery
  30. Pseudoaddiction
    Condition that results from the under-treatment of pain where the client may become hyper-focused on obtaining medication
  31. Referred Pain
    Appear to arise in different areas to other parts of the body
  32. Severe Pain
    Described as 7-10 on a pain scale from 1-10
  33. Somatic Pain
    Originates in the skin, muscles, bones, or connective tissues
  34. Sympathetically Maintained Pain
    May occur with abnormal connections between pain fibers and the sympathetic nervous system perpetuate problems with pain and SNS functions
  35. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
    Method of applying electrical stimulation directly over identified pain area; stimulation through to block transmission of nociceptive pain
  36. Visceral Pain
    Pain arising from the organs