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Birth to 28 days
Behavior is largely reflexive and develops to more purposeful behavior.
Assist parent to identify and meet unmet needs
1 month to 1 year
Physical growth is rapid
Control the infants environment so that physical and psychological needs are met
1 to 3 years
Motor development permits increased physical autonomy. Psychosocial skills increase
Safety and risk taking strategies must be balanced to permit growth
3 to 6 years
the preschoolers world is expanding. New experiences and the preschoolers social role are tried during play. Physical growth is slower
Provide opportunities for play and social activitiy.
6 to 12 years
Stage includes the preadolescent period (10-12 years) Peer group increasingly influences behavior. Physical, cognitive, and social development increases, and communications skills improve
Allow time and energy for the school-age chile to pursue hobbies and school activities. Recognize and support child's achievements
12 to 20 years
Self-Concept changes with biologic development. Values are tested. Physical growth accelerates. Stress increases, especially in face of conflicts
Assist adolescents to develop coping behaviors. Help adolescents develop strategies for resolving conflits.
20 to 40 years
A personal life style develops. Person establishes a relationship with a significant other and a commitment to something
Accept adults chosen lifestyle and assist with necessary adjustments relating to health. Recognize the persons commitments. Support change as necessary for health.
40 years to 65 years
A personal lifestyle develops due to other changes; for example, children leave home, occupational goals change.
Assist clients to plan for anticipated changes in life, to recognize the risk factors related to health, and to focus on strengths rather than weaknesses.
65 to 74years
Adaptation to retirement and changing abilities is often necessary. Chronic illness may develop
Assist clients to keep physically and socially active to maintain peer group interactions
75 years to 84 years
Adaptation to decline in speed of movement, reaction time, and increasing dependance on others may be necessary.
Assist clients to cope with loss (hearing, sensory abilities and eyesight, death of loved one) Provide necessary safety measures
85 and over
Increasing physical problems may develop
Assist clients with self-care as required, and with maintaining as much dependance as possible