Comp 2

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  1. What is a paragraph
    A collection of related sentences (3-5) dealing with a single topic.
  2. Basic Rule for Paragraph
    keep one idea to one paragraph
  3. Four Main Elements of a Paragraph
    • Unity
    • Coherence
    • Topic Sentence
    • Development
  4. Unity
    entire paragraph concerns itself with a single focus
  5. Coherence
    trait that makes the paragraph easily understandable to a reader. gra,,ar
  6. topic sentence
    • sentence that indicates in a general way what idea or thesis the paragraph is going to deal with.
    • transition + thesis link + support = topic sentence
  7. thesis statement
    • claim and support
    • provides focus and organization
  8. Development
    deals with the level of discussion, understanding and acknowledging complexities.
  9. Paragraph structure
    • claim/topic sentence
    • reference/evidence
    • discussion
  10. What is a summary?
    Brief restatement in your own words of the content of the passage
  11. Qualities of Summary
    • Brevity
    • Completeness
    • Objectivity
    • Accuracy
  12. brevity
    a summary is shorter than original
  13. Completeness
    summary covers all main points omits minor details
  14. Objectivity
    meant to discuss without personal bias and avoid emotionally loaded words
  15. Uses of Summary
    • condense material
    • avoid similar language and sentence structure
    • help reader understand original before critique or analysis
  16. Paraphrase
    as long or longer than the original text and gives the writer the opportunity to interpret/explain the information in the original text
  17. How to paraprase
    • understand original
    • substitue with your own words
    • change sentence structure
    records the exact language used by someone in speech or writing
  19. Quote when
    • wording is worth repeating
    • want to cite known authority
    • want to cite opinion to challenge, disagree, or place emphasis
  20. paraphrase when
    source is complex and idea requires explanation
  21. summarize when
    passages are long and the main point is important but not the details
  22. signal phrase
    indicates to the reader what is your words and what the text has to say
  23. ethical integration of sources
    • signal phrase
    • in-text citation
    • work cited entry
  24. work cited page parts
    • heading
    • bibliographical entry
    • hanging indent
  25. critique-central questions
    • to what extent does the author succeed in his or her purpose
    • to what extent do you agree with the author
  26. purpose for writing
    • Inform
    • Persuade
    • Entertain
  27. evaluating informative writing
    • accuracy of information
    • significance of information
    • fair interpretation if information
  28. evaluating persuasive writing
    • clearly defined terms
    • fair use of information
    • logical argumentation
  29. evaluating entertainment writing
    • is protagonist develped
    • where does climax occur
    • how is imagery used
  30. synthesis
    • bring together two or more sources in dialogue
    • draw on evidence to achieve a purpose
    • informative synthesis
    • argument synthesis
  31. argument made up of
    • claim
    • support
    • assumption
  32. Three Appeals of Argument
    • Logos
    • Ethos
    • Pathos
  33. Logos
    • appeal to reason/thought
    • deductive logic, assumption,evidence
    • types:experimentation, examples, authority
  34. Ethos
    • rational appeal
    • credibility of the person writing
    • tone of language tells if writer is credible
  35. Pathos
    • non-rational appeal
    • relies on emotion
    • should not be used alone
  36. argument synthesis components
    • provide background or information
    • validating your claim through reasoning
    • acknowledge opposition
Card Set:
Comp 2
2013-04-16 09:22:53

Final exam
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