Medical Terminology Ch.1-Ch.3

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jaclynruth
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213903
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Medical Terminology Ch.1-Ch.3
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2013-05-06 15:30:27
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medical terminology health care AHS 200 orientation careers
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quick and easy medical terminology by peggy c. leonard, ch. 1 and ch. 2 terms
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  1. What is a "word root"?
    The main body of a word.

    • Ex. word root: psych
    •      psyche (Greek origin, meaning "mind")
    •      use in a word: psychology (the study of      
    •      the mind)
  2. What is a "combining vowel"?
    A vowel between word roots.

    • Ex. in hepat/o + megaly (hepatomegaly),
    • the "o" is the combining vowel.
  3. What is a "combining form"?
    The combining form is the word root/vowel.

    Ex. cardi/o
  4. -er, -ist
    one who
  5. -iatrician
    practitioner
  6. -logist
    one who studies, specialist
  7. -ac, -al, -ic, -ical
    pertaining to
  8. -logic, -logical
    pertaining to the study of
  9. -iatrics, -iatry
    medical profession or treatment
  10. -logy
    study or science of
  11. meaning of: cardi/o
    heart
  12. medical specialty and specialist for the heart (cardi/o)
    cardiology, cardiologist
  13. medical specialty and specialist for secretions (crin/o)
    endocrinology, endocrinologist
  14. meaning of: crin/o
    to secrete
  15. meaning of: dermat/o
    skin
  16. meaning of: esthesi/o
    feeling or sensation
  17. meaning of: gastr/o, enter/o
    stomach, intestines
  18. meaning of: ger/a, ger/o, geront/o
    elderly
  19. meaning of: gynec/o
    female
  20. medical specialty and specialist for skin (dermat/o)
    dermatology, dermatologist
  21. medical specialty and specialist for feeling or sensation (esthesi/o)
    anesthesiology, anesthesiologist
  22. medical specialty and specialist for stomach, intestines (gastr/o, enter/o)
    gastroenterology, gastroenterologist
  23. medical specialty and specialist for the elderly (ger/a, ger/o, geront/o)
    geriatrics, geriatrician
  24. medical specialty and specialist for females (gynec/o)
    gynecology, gynecologist
  25. meaning of: immun/o
    immune
  26. meaning of: ne/o, nat/o
    new, birth
  27. meaning of:neur/o
    nerve
  28. meaning of: obstetr/o
    midwife
  29. meaning of: onc/o
    tumor
  30. meaning of: opthalm/o
    eye
  31. meaning of: orth/o, ped/o
    straight, child
  32. meaning of: ot/o, laryng/o
    ear, larynx
  33. meaning of: path/o
    disease
  34. meaning of: ped/o
    child
  35. meaning of: psych/o
    mind
  36. meaning of: radi/o
    radiation or radius
  37. meaning of: rheumat/o
    rheumatism
  38. meaning of: rhin/o
    nose
  39. meaning of: ur/o
    urinary tract (or urine)
  40. medical specialty and specialist for immune system (immun/o)
    immunology, immunologist
  41. medical specialty and specialist for new, birth (ne/o, nat/o)
    neonatology, neonatologist
  42. medical specialty and specialist for neur/o
    neurology, neurologist
  43. medical specialty and specialist for obstetr/o
    obstetrics, obstetrician
  44. medical specialty and specialist for onc/o
    oncology, oncologist
  45. medical specialty and specialist for opthalm/o
    opthalmology, opthalmologist
  46. medical specialty and specialist for orth/o, ped/o
    orthopedics, orthopedic surgeon
  47. medical specialty and specialist for ot/o, laryng/o
    otolaryngology, otolaryngologist
  48. medical specialty and specialist for path/o
    pathology, pathologist
  49. medical specialty and specialist for ped/o
    pediatrics, pediatrician
  50. medical specialty and specialist for psych/o
    psychiatry, psychiatrist
  51. medical specialty and specialist for radi/o
    radiology, radiologist
  52. medical specialty and specialist for rheumat/o
    rheumatology, rheumatologist
  53. medical specialty and specialist for rhin/o
    rhinology, rhinologist
  54. medical specialty and specialist for ur/o
    urology, urologist
  55. -centesis
    surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
  56. -ectomy
    excision (surgical removal or cutting out)
  57. -lysis
    process of loosening, freeing or destroying
  58. -pexy
    surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
  59. -plasty
    surgical repair
  60. -rrhaphy
    suture (uniting a wound by stitches)
  61. -scopy
    visual examination with a lighted instrument (not always a surgical procedure)
  62. -stomy
    formation of an opening
  63. -tome
    an instrument used for cutting

    Ex. microtome
  64. -tomy
    incision (cutting into tissue)
  65. -tripsy
    surgical crushing
  66. aden/o
    gland
  67. angi/o
    vessel
  68. append/o, appendic/o
    appendix
  69. bi/o
    life or living
  70. blephar/o
    eyelid
  71. cerebr/o, encephal/o
    brain
  72. chir/o
    hand
  73. col/o
    colon or large intestine
  74. cutane/o, derm/a, dermat/o
    skin
  75. faci/o
    face
  76. hepat/o
    liver
  77. mamm/o, mast/o
    breast
  78. muscul/o, my/o
    muscle
  79. myel/o
    bone marrow or spinal chord
  80. oste/o
    bone
  81. pulm/o, pulmon/o, pneum/o, pneumon/o
    lungs
  82. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  83. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  84. vas/o
    vessel, ductus deferens
  85. -able, -ible
    capable of, able to
  86. -ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary, 
    -eal,
    -ic, -ive, 
    -tic
    pertaining to
  87. -ase
    enzyme
  88. -eum, -ium
    membrane
  89. -ia, -ism
    condition or theory
  90. -iac
    one who suffers
  91. -opia
    vision
  92. -ose
    sugar
  93. -ous
    pertaining to or characterized by
  94. -y
    state or condition
  95. adip/o, lip/o
    fat
  96. amyl/o
    starch
  97. glyc/o
    sugar
  98. hemat/o
    blood
  99. lact/o
    milk
  100. lith/o
    stone
  101. micro-
    small
  102. muc/o
    mucus
  103. prote/o, protein/o
    protein
  104. pyr/o
    fire
  105. mono-, uni-
    one
  106. bi-, di-
    two
  107. tri-
    three
  108. quad-, quadri-, tetra-
    four
  109. centi-
    one hundred, one-hundredth
  110. milli-
    one-thousandth
  111. diplo-
    double
  112. hemi-, semi-
    half, partly
  113. hyper- 
    excessive, more than normal
  114. hypo-
    under, less than normal
  115. multi-, poly-
    many 
  116. nulli-
    none
  117. pan-
    all
  118. primi-
    first
  119. super-, ultra- 
    excessive
  120. circum-, peri-
    around
  121. contra-
    against or opposed
  122. dia-
    through
  123. ecto-, ex-, exo-, extra-
    out, without, away from
  124. epi-
    above, on
  125. hypo-, infra-, sub- 
    beneath, under
  126. inter-
    between
  127. intra-
    within
  128. ipsi-
    same
  129. meso-, mid-
    middle
  130. para-
    near, beside or abnormal 
  131. per-
    through or by
  132. post-
    after, behind
  133. retro- 
    behind, backward
  134. super-, supra- 
    above, beyond
  135. sym-, syn- 
    joined together
  136. trans- 
    across
  137. anti-, contra- 
    against
  138. brady-
    slow
  139. dys- 
    bad, difficult
  140. eu-
    good, normal
  141. mal-
    bad
  142. pro-
    favoring, supporting
  143. tachy-
    fast
  144. ante-, pre-, pro-
    before
  145. post-
    after or behind
  146. macro-, mega-, megalo-
    large or great
  147. micro-
    small
  148. a-, an-
    no, not, without
  149. in-
    not or inside/in
  150. alb/o, albin/o, leuk/o (leuc/o)
    white
  151. chlor/o
    green
  152. cyan/o
    blue
  153. erythr/o
    red
  154. melan/o
    black
  155. xanth-o
    yellow
  156. Give the suffix and meaning of: cyt/o
    -cyte, cell
  157. Give the suffix and meaning of: gen/o
    beginning, origin (sometimes genes)

    -genic; produced by or in

    -genesis; producing or forming
  158. Give the suffix and meaning of: gram/o
    to record

    -gram; a record

    -graph; instrument for recording

    -graphy; process of recording
  159. Give the suffix and meaning of: kinesi/o
    movement

    -kinesia, -kinesis; movement, motion
  160. Give the suffix and meaning of: leps/o
    -lepsy, seizure
  161. Give the suffix and meaning of: lys/o
    destruction, dissolving

    • -lysin; that which destroys
    • -lysis; process of destroying
    • -lytic; capable of producing destruction
  162. Give the suffix and meaning of: malac/o
    soft/softening

    -malacia; abnormal softening
  163. Give the suffix and meaning of: megal/o
    large, enlarged

    -malacia; enlargement
  164. Give the suffix and meaning of: metr/o
    measure, uterine tissue

    -meter; instrument used to measure 

    -metry; process of measuring
  165. Give the suffix and meaning of: path/o
    -pathy; disease
  166. Give the suffix and meaning of: phag/o
    eat, ingest

    -phagia, -phagic, -phagy; eating, swallowing
  167. Give the suffix and meaning of: phas/o
    -phasia; speech
  168. Give the suffix and meaning of: pleg/o
    -plegia; paralysis
  169. Give the suffix and meaning of: schis/o, schiz/o, schist/o
    -schisis; split, cleft
  170. Give the suffix and meaning of: scler/o
    to examine, to view

    -scope; instrument used for viewing

    -scopy; process of examining visually
  171. Give the suffix and meaning of: troph/o
    -trophic, -trophy; nutrition
  172. aer/o
    air
  173. blast/o
    embryonic form
  174. cancer/o, carcin/o
    cancer
  175. cephal/o
    head
  176. cry/o
    cold
  177. crypt/o
    hidden
  178. dips/o
    thirst
  179. electr/o
    electricity
  180. fibr/o
    fiber
  181. hist/o
    tissue
  182. narc/o
    stupor
  183. necr/o
    dead
  184. optic/o, opt/o
    vision
  185. phon/o
    voice
  186. phot/o
    light
  187. py/o
    pus 
  188. therm/o
    heat
  189. top/o
    position, place
  190. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  191. ac
    before meals (ante cibum)
  192. AMA
    American Medical Association
  193. ARRT
    American Registry of Radiologic Technologists  
  194. CDC
    Center for Disease Control
  195. DOA
    Dead On Arrival
  196. ENT
    ear, nose, throat
  197. ER
    emergency room
  198. Gyn
    gynecology
  199. ICU
    Intensive Care Unit
  200. IM
    intramuscular
  201. IV
    intravenous
  202. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  203. Ob-Gyn
    Obstetrics and Gynecology
  204. OR
    Operating Room
  205. PRN 
    as the occasion arises (pre re nata)
  206. PT
    physical therapist
  207. pt
    patient
  208. Px, PE
    physical examination
  209. RN
    registered nurse
  210. Rx
    prescription
  211. -algia, -dynia
    pain
  212. -cele
    hernia
  213. -ecstasia, -ectasis
    dilatation (dilation, enlargement or stretching of a structure or part)
  214. -edema
    swelling
  215. -emesis
    vomiting
  216. -emia
    condition of the blood
  217. -ia, -iasis
    condition
  218. -itis
    inflammation
  219. -lith
    stone or calculus
  220. -malacia
    soft, softening
  221. -mania
    excessive preoccupation
  222. -magaly
    enlargement
  223. -oid
    resembling
  224. -oma
    tumor
  225. -osis
    condition
  226. -pathy
    disease
  227. -penia
    deficiency
  228. -phobia
    abnormal fear
  229. -ptosis
    prolapse (sagging)
  230. -rrhage, -rrhagia
    excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
  231. -rrhea
    flow or discharge
  232. -rrhexis
    rupture
  233. -spasm
    twitching, cramp
  234. -stasis
    stopping, controlling

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