HESI ANATOMY

Card Set Information

Author:
jenbear01
ID:
213905
Filename:
HESI ANATOMY
Updated:
2013-05-07 00:36:20
Tags:
HESI ANATOMY
Folders:

Description:
HESI ANATOMY
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jenbear01 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. A person with AB- blood can NOT receive blood from whom?
    B-
    A-
    AB+
    O-
    AB+
  2. Which blood group is considered the universal donor?
    AB+
    O-
    O+
    AB-
    o-
  3. Which Blood group is the  considered the “universal recipient”
    AB+
  4. What is the only artery in the body to carry oxygen poor blood?
    Vena Cava
    Renal artery
    Pulmonic artery
    Interosseous artery
    Pulmonic Artery
  5. Chocolate cysts of the ovaries are attributed to which of the following?
    Endometriosis
    Ectopic pregnancy
    Pelvic inflammatory disease
    Menorrhagia
    Endometriosis
  6. Which of the following is not true of synovial joints?
    They are the most common joint the body
    They have a fluid-filled capsule that surrounds their articulating surface
    They are found in the intervertebral discs of the spinal column
    They are the most moveable joint type in the body
    They are founnd in the intervertebral discs of the spinal column
  7. Ligaments connect which of the following?Muscle to bone
    Bone to bone
    Muscle to muscle
    Tendon to bone
    Bone to bone
  8. What is the longest muscle in the human body?
    Vastus lateralis
    Sartorius
    Adductor longus
    Vastus mediali
    sartorius
  9. Where is the hyoid bone located?
    Leg
    Pelvis
    Rib cage
    Neck
    Neck
  10. Which of the following is not true of epithelial tissue?
    It is vascular
    rIt lines cavities in the body
    It rests on a basement membrane
    It helps form certain glands
    It is vascular
  11. Which of the following is not produced by an exocrine gland?
    Saliva
    Milk
    Digestive enzymes
    Adrenalin
    Adrenalin
  12. Where is the pyloric sphincter located?
    Between the esophagus and stomach
    Between the small and large intestine
    Between the stomach and small intestine
    Between the rectum and anus
    Between the stomach & small intestines
  13. Blood vessels enter and exit bones through which structure?

    Fossa
    Facet
    Fovea
    Foramina
    Formaina
  14. Which cells are responsible for bone formation?
    Osteoblasts
    Osteoclasts
    Osteocyte
    Chondrocyte
    Osteoblasts
  15. Why are bones considered to be organs?
    They are part of the framework of the body
    They contain cells
    They are not considered to be organs
    They contain nervous and connective tissue
    They contain nervous and connective tissue
  16. Which of the following shows the correct order of the flow of waste through the large intestine?
    Cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon
  17. Which of the following is considered the primary pacemaker of the heart?
    SA node
    AV node
    Aorta
    Left ventricle
    SA node
  18. In which location does a sperm cell first fertilize an egg?
    Uterus
    Ovary
    Cervix
    Fallopian tube
    Fallopian Tube
  19. Where is interstitial fluid found in the body?Around the brain & spinal cord
    In the tissues around cells
    Inside of cells
    Inside the stomach
    In the tissues around cells
  20. What is the normal pH in the body?
    7.35 – 7.45
    7.0 – 7.50
    7.25 – 7.35
    7.50 – 7.65
    7.35 – 7.45
  21. What is the bladder capacity of the average adult?
    1,000 ml
    200 ml
    500 ml
    1,500 ml
    500 ml
  22. Which lobe of the brain is associated with organizing sensory information, language, speech production, and memory formation?Temporal
    Occipital
    Frontal
    Parietal
    Temporal
  23. What does lipase do?
    It breaks down nucleic acids into nucleotides
    It breaks down carbohydrates into starch and sugar
    It breaks down fats into fatty acids and glycerol
    It breaks down proteins into peptides and amino acids
    It breaks down fats into fatty acids and glycerol
  24. Which is not a function of the the liver?Production and excretion of bile
    Blood detoxification and purification
    Storage of glycogen, minerals, and vitamins
    Filtering damaged red blood cells
    Filtering damaged red blood cells
  25. Which salivary gland produces mucin?Submandibular
    Sublingual
    Parotid
    Thyroid
    Sublingual
  26. Which substance in the teeth continues to form throughtout life and supports the enamel?
    Dentin
    Cementum
    Pulp
    Gum
    Dentin
  27. What is the name the layer of the heart used for contraction that has striated muscle fibers?Pericardium
    Myocardium
    Endocardium
    Decacardium
    Myocardium
  28. What section of the human spine contains 5 vertebrae
    Lumbar
  29. What section of the human spine contains 12 vertebrae
    Thoracic
  30. What section of the human spine contains 7 vertebrae
    Cervical
  31. What vein returns blood to the heart, draining the head, neck, and upper torso
    Superior Vena Cava
  32. Which vein drains the lower extremities, returning deoxygenated blood to the heart
    inferior vena cava
  33. The autoimmune disease, multiple sclerosis is characterized by the degradation of what
    Myelin Sheath
  34. Respiration rates are regulated by which of the following
    Increasing levels of carbon dioxide
  35. If carbon dioxide levels become too high
    the blood will become acidic
  36. Electrical impulses called “action potentials” move along the axon of a neuron by _
    Saltatory conduction
  37. What type of joint is present in the elbow
    Hinge Joint
  38. What area of the eye has the most acute vision and is comprised only of cones
    Fovea centralis
  39. What are of the eye contributes to the color of the eye
    Iris
  40. What area of the eye regulates the amount of light entering the eye
    Pupil
  41. ____ is the  the light sensitive layer of tissue that helps project images onto the back of the eye
    Retna
  42. would be a direct result of lipid depletion in the human body
    The decrease in the amount of estrogen produced
  43. Which two bones make up the structure of the lower leg
    Fibula & Tibia was
  44. What would result following an injury to the phrenic nerve
    An inability to control breathing
  45. Which muscle is responsible for the adduction of the shoulder?
    Latissimus dorsi
  46. Which muscle is responsible for elbow flexion
    biceps brachii
  47. The muscle that helps with supporting and moving the shoulder blade.
    trapezius
  48. The limbic system of the brain is responsible for the regulation of
    Emotion
  49. What area(s) of the brain are the most affected if a person is unable to understand written or verbal speech
    Weirnecke’s area
  50. What area(s) of the brain are the most affected if a person is unable to produce speech?
    Broca's area
  51. What valve is responsible for preventing the backflow of blood from the right ventricle to the right atrium?
    Tricuspid Valve
  52. which valve prevents blood backflow between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
    pulmonary valve/semilunar valve
  53. The structure between the Left Ventricle & the Aorta
    Aortic Valve
  54. This enzyme begins the process of carbohydrate digestion in the mouth
    Amylase
  55. Important for the digestion of fats and occurs in the duodenum of the small intestine?
    Lipase
  56. break down proteins and this process begins in the stomach.
    Proteases
  57. breakdowns nucleic acids, but this does not begin in the mouth
    Nucleases
  58. During exhalation, the diaphragm does which of the following?
    Relaxes and Lifts
  59. During inhalation the diaphragm?
    contracting and lowering
  60. Examples of a flat bone
    • Flat bones  provides muscular attachment and also serves to protect the body's vital organs or sensitive area
    • Scapula
    • Occipital
    • Frontal 
    • parietal
    • sternum
    • ribs
    • lacriminal 
    • volmer
  61. an example of a irregular bone
    • Mandible
    • Vertabrae
  62. An example of a long bone?
    • Femur
    • Tibia
    • Radius
    • Humerus
    • Metartarsals
    • Metacarpals
    • Ulna
  63. A rupture in the cardiac sphincter would result in what occurring
    The backflow of gastric juices into the esophagus
  64. In order for the actin filaments to bind to the myosin head, what must occur first?
    Calcium ions must bind to troponin molecules.
  65. What is the primary function of melatonin
    regulate sleep & wake cycles
  66. are responsible for sperm and egg maturation
    The gonadotropins
  67. The fight or flight response is stimulated by the release of
    catecholamine hormones, like adrenalin
  68. protein synthesis stimulation is the function of?
    The Human Growth Hormone
  69. Pigment is regulated by?
    Melanin
  70. is characterized by the engulfing of large amounts of fluid
    Pinocytosis
  71. The engulfing of large particles into the cell is referred to as
    of Phagocytosis
  72. involves components leaving the cell,
    Exocytosis
  73. Which gland regulates calcium
    Parathyroid Gland
  74. anterior pituitary gland produces what hormones?
    • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
    • Gonadotropins
    •    FollicleStimulating Hormone (FSH)           Luteinizing Hormone (LH
    • Prolactin (PRL)
    • Growth Hormone (GH)
    • Alpha Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (α-MSH)
  75. Posterior pituitary gland produces what hormones?
    • Vasopressin
    • Oxytocin
  76. pineal gland secretes?
    Melatonin

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview