Card Set Information
The symbolic representation of a chemical process that respectively lists the chemical formulas of its reactants and products on each side of an arrow ?
Two or more substances that enter into a chemical reaction?
A substance produced as a result of a chemical change?
Law of conservation
The observation that the total amount of mass and energy in the universe is constant?
Law of conservation
What are the two main classifications of chemistry?
Organic and Inorganic
What is a class 5 Hazardous Material?
How many entities make up the National Response Team?
What hazard is the blue section of the NFPA hazard diamond?
This Federal Law Protects the public against unexpected exposure
Federal Substance Hazard Act
This Federal Act sets the standards for 6 criteria pollutants.
Clean Air Act
This Federal Law Provides EPA board authority to regulate the manufacture, distribution, use, and disposal of chemical substances.
Toxic Substance Control Act
This Federal is Aimed at the
of Hazardous substances released at a site and the restoration and replacement of the natural resources.
The force of Gravity acting on the mass of a particular object?
Dissolves in Water
The quantity of matter possessed by an object regardless of its location?
The capacity of matter confined within a container?
Anything that possess mass and occupies space is?
A physical change in which a substance passes from a solid state directly to the gaseous state of matter, without first liquefying?
What is the state of matter that has a define volume but lacks a define shape?
What are the two measure systems?
English and Metric
What measurement system has no interralationship between the units?
What measurement system does the US use?
What measurement does Chemistry use?
PPM and PPB mease what?
If a gas has a vapor density greater than one what will it do in air?
Raise into the air
In an exothermic reaction where is the heat going?
Away from the reaction
What are the three ways heat is transferred?
Radiation, Convection, Conduction
What is the major health hazard of a cryogen?
Is the minimum temperature at which the vapor ignites when exposed to an ignition source?
Is the range of concentrations of gas in which it will Propagate a flame?
What 2 characteristics are used to determine if a liquid is classified as Flammable and Combustible?
Flash Point and Boiling Point
To be classified as a combustible liquid it must have a __? above __?
Flashpoint above 100 F
If Hydrazine has a flash point of 101F, is it flammable or combustible?
Combustible, it is above 100F
If collodion has a flash point of 0.14F, is it flammable or combustible?
T/F Tanks used to store flammable liquids ad gases must be labeled with the tank specifications
NFPA standards for storing flammable liquids and gases in cabinets include all of the following EXCEPT?
Amount, Color, Distance, Location?
When a pressurized container of flammable liquid is exposed to heat what type of emergency can occur?
Is when steam expands under Hot Oil which is burning in an open top tank?
What are 2 Secondary Hazards of Flammable Liquids?
Corrosion, Water Reactive
What is the smallest particle of an element?
What is matter consisting of two or more substances in varying proportions that are not chemically combined?
Elements that conduct heat and electricity will and melt and boil at high temperatures are classified as?
What is the nucleus of an atom made up of?
Protons and neutrons
How many electrons does the first orbital hold?
What is the name of the IIA family in the periodic table?
Where are the non metals located on the periodic table?
If an Ion has a positive charge it is calle a?
What type of bond shares electrons?
In an Ionic compound what Ion is written first?
Positive or Negative?
If an Ion is made up of more than one element it is called a __? Ion.
What is the name of the Ionic compound Na2S?
What is the formula for the ionic compound Potassium Oxide?
What is the prefix for 5 when naming covalent compounds?
In a covalent compound how many electrons are involved in the bond if there are two lines?
T/F Is a Mol equal to 6.022x 10 to the 23rd
Calculates the difference between products in a reaction?
In a Chemical Equation what is written to the RIGHT of the arrow?
According to the Law of Conservation of Mass, Mass cannot be __? or __?
Created or destroyed
Getting the same number of atoms of an element on each of the equation is called?
Balancing an Equation
In the process of Reduction of Oxygen or another oxidizing agent is __? from a compound
Which is not one of the factors that affect rate of reaction?
Temperature, Activation Energy, Concentration, Color?
Is a substance that increases or decreases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being permanently altered?
Is an Atom or Molecule with an unpaired electron?
What is a product of incomplete combustion?
What extinguishers have vapor densities greater than one?
Carbon Dioxide and Halons
Is a polymer that cannot be remolded after it has solidified?
T/F. A Polymer is made by Linking and Cross linking
T/F. In Addition Polymerization a free radical is created using heat or light.
What is removed during condensation Polymerization?
What is the primary hazard with autopolymerization?
T/F The monomer of PVC, vinyl chloride, is a KNOWN human carcinogen?
What Polymer is 5 times stronger than steel?
What polymer is especially strong and chemically resistant?
There is no need to wear your SCBA when responding to fires involving polymers?
The vapor density of pure oxygen is __? than 1 and will __? in air.
What is the primary hazard of chlorine?
What is the most chemically reactive element?
__? is the most abundant element on Earth and __? is the most abundant element in the Universe.
T/F. Red Phosphorus is toxic if ingested
What chemical can be used to detect a chlorine leak?
T/F? Very small particles of sulfur can ignite in air due to static electricity
All of the following statements are true about elemental Fluorine except:?
It is Toxic, Oxidizer, Reactive, Burns on its own.
Burns on its own
All of the following statements about Hydrogen is true
- Colorless and odorless
- Very Reactive
- It burns with a non-luminous flame
What is the Major Health Risk of Carbon
Why is carbon essential for life
Carbon can frorm very strong bonds to itself
Sulfur burns with what color flame?
Does Acid or Base give off Hydroxyl Ions?
If an acid does NOT contain carbon atoms it is considered a __? Acid
If an acid has been mixed with water it has been. Hydrated, Liquefied, concentrated, diluted?
What does the pH scale measure?
Concentarion of Hydrogen Ion
What causes burns to skin?
Acids and Bases
Which feel slippery? Acid or Base
What acid reacts with skin to form yellow-brown burns?
Vinegar is __? that has been diluted
What are the major health concerns involving corrosives?
Burns and Inhalation hazards
What acid burns are treated with Cacium Gluconate?
What type of acid reacts with organic compounds to spontaneously ignite?
A material that is __? is capable of igniting instantaneously on exposure to air?
The process of coating a metal with a protective layer of elemental zinc is known as?
What gas is released by alkali metals when exposed to water?
T/F? Do Fine Particles of Metal react the fastes?
What metallic compounds react with water to produce highly flammable gases other than hydrogen?
Metallic phosphide compounds
___? is a toxic gas that can be released from water reactive substances?
If Toxing affects the body as a whole it has a ___? effect
If a Toxin affects the kidneys it is called a ___?
What chemical is found in sewers and is a concern when entering a confined space?
What chemical is responsible for creating acid rain?
Substances that are thought to cause cancer but no studies have been done is known as a ___? Carcinogen
A poisonous substance produced by a living organism or bacterium is the definition of what?
Support the combustion of other materials?
What agent is written first in a redox reaction equation?
A reducing agent goes through what process in a redox reaction?
In the process of reduction, electrons are ___?
What class of oxidizer is the most powerful
1-4? or 4-1?
Is Hydrogen Peroxide a hydrogen peroxide?
A compound whose molecules are composed soley of carbon and hydrogen atoms, at least some of which are structurally similar to Benzene is calle?
Which of the following is an Aromatic Hydrocarbon?