psych 3

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psych 3
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2013-04-17 11:10:07
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  1. Hierarchy of Needs
    Maslow
  2. Rare behaviors reinforce common ones. Behavioral switch experiment
    Premack
  3. Effect of pay on monkey puzzles               Campbell et al. – College students
    Harlow
  4. Extrinsic – requires reinforcement from outside. Intrinsic – reinforcement comes from the task itself
    Deci
  5. Motive acquisition theory, 1 motivation = arousal
    McClelland -- Atkinson
  6. two factor theory of emotional differences, brain trying to make sense of your body's physiological response to a situation
    Schachter and Singer
  7. stimulus-->specific phys state-->experience of emotion

    stimuli trigger activity in the autonomic nervous system, which then produces emotion in brain
    James-Lange theory
  8. stimulus simultaneously triggers activity in the autonomic nervous system and emotional experience in the brain
    Canon-Bard
  9. performance increases with physiological or mental arousal, but only up to a point. When levels of arousal become too high, performance decreases.
    Yerkes-Dodson law
  10. alarm, resistance, recovery
    Selye's adaptation syndrome
  11. developed the first intelligence test to allow educators to develop remedial programs for those children who lagged behind their peers
    Simon and Binet
  12. developed a school readiness test in which the intellectual quotient (IQ) was found by dividing the mental age by the chronological age.
    Binet
  13. The Raven’s Progessive Matrices test is designed to measure nonverbal reasoning and according to them would asses fluid intelligence             
     - high crystallized intelligence would be associated with a high score on a test measuring acquired knowledge and is best assessed with a VOCABULARY TEST
    Horn and Cattell
  14. g, general intelligence
    Spearman
  15. people have several primary mental abilities, not just general intelligence
    Thurstone
  16. Contents, operations, products
    Creativity was not previously measured as IQ
    Convergent thinking -- finding the “best”, “right”, answer.
    Divergent thinking -- finding many possible answers
    Guilford
  17. research is responsible for the better understanding of the humansexual response cycle
    Masters and Johnson
  18. triarchic theory, practical intelligence, adapting to existing environments
    Sternberg
  19. 8 intelligences:
    linguistic
    logical
    spatial
    musical
    bodily
    interpersonal
    intrapersonal
    naturalistic
    Gardner
  20. “Origins of intelligence of the child Rigorous observation as a the means of developing his theory"

    Sensorimotor stage
    Pre-operational stage
    Concrete operations stage
    Formal operations stage
    Piaget
  21. AVOIDANT -- pays little attention to the mother when she is in the room, or when she leaves. If distressed, mother and stranger are equally comforting.

    SECURE -- distressed when mother leaves the room, goes to her when she returns. Is secure around strangers, but prefers mother.

    RESISTANT -- type simultaneously seeks mother and avoids physical contact.
    Ainsworth
  22. 6 stages in 3 groups of 2
    preconventional
    conventional
    postconventional
    Kohberg
  23. Basic trust vs mistrust
    Autonomy vs shame, doubt
    Initiative vs guilt
    Industry vs. inferiority
    Identity vs. role confusion

    Early adolescence
    Intimacy vs. isolation

    Late adolescence.
    Generativity vs. stagnation
    Ego integrity vs. despair
    Erikson
  24. Internalization -- The majority of development is a result of what a child learned from the environment Zone of potential development -- A child’s potential is generally something greater than the demonstrated ability. Environment puts constraints on the child’s capabilities
    Vigotsky

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