WHAP Chapter 31

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casare433
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214100
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WHAP Chapter 31
Updated:
2013-04-17 14:19:54
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AP World History
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The Cold War and Decolonization
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  1. Refers to the secrecy and isolation of the Soviet Union and its satellite states, East Germany, Hungary, and Poland, after World War II. The phrase was first used by Winston Churchill while he was giving a speech in the United States.
    Iron Curtain
  2. Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
    Marshall Plan
  3. the ideological struggle between communism (soviet union) and capitalism (united states) for world influence. the soviet union and the united states came to the brink of actual war during the cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another.
    Cold War
  4. north atlantic treaty organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; us, england, france, canada, western european countries
    NATO
  5. treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the eastern european countries behind the iron curtain; ussr, albania, bulgaria, czechoslovakia, east germany, hungary, poland, and romania
    Warsaw Pact
  6. an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
    United Nations
  7. a specialized agency of the united nations that makes loans to countries for economic development, trade promotion, and debt consolidation. its formal name is the international bank for reconstruction and development.
    World Bank
  8. an alliance formed by italy, france, west germany, belgium, the netherlands, and luxembourg in 1957 and dedicated to developing common trade policies and reduced tariffs; it gradually developed into the european union
     European Economic Community (Common Market)
  9. the conflict between communist north korea and non-communist south korea. the united nations (led by the united states) helped south korea.
    Korean War
  10. decisive victory that ended the french occupation of vietnam
    Dienbienphu
  11. american ally in south vietnam from 1954 to 1963; his repressive regime caused the communist viet cong to thrive in the south and required increasing american military aid to stop a communist takeover. he was killed in a coup in 1963.
    Ngo Dinh Diem
  12. a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of north vietnam who were supported by the chinese and the non-communist armies of south vietnam who were supported by the united states
    Vietnam War
  13. ruled the ussr from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the west instead of confrontation. Denounced Stalin
    Nikita Khrushchev
  14. an international crisis in october 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the u.s. and the ussr. when the u.s. discovered soviet nuclear missiles on cuba, president john f. kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the soviet leader khrushchev acceded to the u.s. demands a week later.
    Cuban Missile Crisis
  15. the final act of the helsinki conference in 1975 in which the thirty-five nations participating agreed that europe's existing political frontiers could not be changed by force. they also solemnly accepted numerous provisions guaranteeing the human rights and political freedoms of their citizens.
    Helsinki accords
  16. founder of ghana's independence movement and ghana's first priesident
    Kwame Nkrumah
  17. a system of legal racial segregation enforced by the national party government in south africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants of south africa were curtailed and minority rule by whites was maintained.
    apartheid
  18. An organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
    OPEC
  19. mao zedong's campaign (1966-1968) to purge china of traditional cultures, ideas, and institutions
    Cultural Revolution (China)
  20. (1918-1981) president of egypt between 1970 and 1981. he was assassinated by islamic fundamentalists for making peace with israel.
    Anwar al-Sadat
  21. underdeveloped and developing countries of asia and africa and latin america collectively. Professed Non alignment in the Cold World
    Third World
  22. The independent countries that remained neutral in the cold war competition between the united states and the soviet union
    Nonaligned Countries
  23. cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a marxist socialist state in cuba (born in 1927)
    Fidel Castro
  24. was an argentine marxist revolutionary, physician, author, intellectual, guerrilla leader, diplomat, military theorist, and major figure of the cuban revolution. since his death, his stylized visage has become a ubiquitous counter-cultural symbol.
    Che Guevara

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