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what is stomata
small openings in the surface of most plant leaves
what is a vascular plant
has specialized tissues for transporting water and nutrients
what is a angiosperm
produces flowers and develops fruits
what is a gymsperm
produce seeds that are not part of fruit
what is a cone
structure in the most conifers or Cyclades that cantons reductive structures
What are rhiszoids
produces seeds that are not part of a fruit
Plant and animal cells have many of the same _______
- 1. nucleus
- 2. mitochondria
- 3. ribosomes
What do plant cells contain that animal cells do not contain?
What are they used for?
organelles that make food
What is a plant cell surrounded by?
What does it do?
Helps protect and support it
What is a rhizoid
rootlike structures that anchor a plant without transport tissue to a surface
What happens during photosynthesis?
Light energy is converted into the chemical energy stored in sugar inside corplas in plant leaves
Through __________________ water vapor, carbon dioxide, and oxygen pass into and out of plant leaves
What are 3 examples of vascular seedless plants?
- Club mosses
Ferns have leaves called ____________ that grow from an underground stem called a ___________.
Plants that produce seeds that are not part of a fruit are called
The most common gymnosperms are ____________
Conifers are usually evergreen and have needlelike or scalelike leaves, and most produce _______ that contain ______
Characteristic of gymnosperms
nonflowering seed plants
Characteristic of Mosses
Produce seeds in cones
flowering seed plants
Use vascular tissue to transport materials
- nonflowering seed plants
- flowering seed plants
- nonvascular seed plants
What happens during photosynthesis
plants absorb light energy from the Sun and convert it into chemical energy
How do organisms get the energy they need for life processes?
By using cellular respiration which the release of energy from food
What do choloplasts contain and what is it for?
- absorbs light energy
What is transpiration
the release of water vapor from stomata in leaves
What is a stimulus
any change in an organism's environment that causes a response
Examples of external stimuli
Examples of internal stimuli
chemicals (hormones) that a plant produces
What is tropism?
plant growth toward or away from an external stimulus
What is a plant's response to touch