Psych test unit 4

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tresa
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214170
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Psych test unit 4
Updated:
2013-04-17 20:20:37
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ch 15-18
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  1. Aging
    process and theories
    • Hayflick limit
    • Telomeres
    • Repair of genetic material and cross-linking
    • Genetically programmed senescence
    • Free radicals
    • Terminal drop
    • hypothesis
  2. Hayflick limit
    • genetically
    • programmed time limit for each cell
  3. Genetically
    programmed senescence
    gradual deterioration of body sys as orgs age. Aging caused by species-specific genes
  4. Atherosclerosis
    Narrowing of arteries  caused by plaque deposits.
  5. Climacteric
    The years in mid/late adulthood when both man&women lose their reproductive capacity
  6. Erikson’s
    theory
    reminiscence is essential to achieve ego integrity and help prepare for death. Can provide foundation for life review.
  7. Free radicals
    molecules or atoms that posses an unpaired electron. Oxygen-free radicals.
  8. Grandparent relationships
    • Fun-seeking style
    • Distant-figure style
    • Formal style
  9. Middle adulthood brain development
    Selectivity – getting “slower”
  10. Mid-life
    crisis/D. Levinson
    • Mid-life transition (40-45) - life structure comes
    • into question, usually a time of crisis in the meaning, direction, and value
    • of each person's life.  neglected parts of the self (talents, desires,
    • aspirations) seek expression.  Men are seen more as parents than as
    • “brothers” to other men who are somewhat younger than them and this message
    • comes as an irritation at first.  Also at this time, men becoming
    • increasingly aware of death and they are reminded of how short life really
    • is.  They become involved in trying to leave a legacy and this usually
    • forms the core of the second half of his life.
  11. Osteoporosis
    Loss of bone mass with age resulting in more brittle/porous bones.
  12. Presbycusis
    Normal loss of hearing w/ aging. Especially high tones.
  13. Presbyopia
    Farsightedness (can’t focus on near objects.
  14. Role
    conflict
    • Any situation where 2+ roles area atleast partially incompatible. b/c
    • of dif behaviors or the separate demands add up to more hours than there are
    • in a day.
  15. Baumeister
    • quest for meaning of life may be understood in 4 main needs
    • Need for purpose, values, sense of efficacy, self-worth
  16. Episodic
    memories
    Recollections of personal events
  17. Semantaic  memories
    General knowledge
  18. Baltes
    and Baltes
    • older adults maintain higher performance by
    • concentrating on strengths
  19. Disengagement theory
    • Shrinkage of life space – interact w/ fewer
    • others and fill fewer social roles
    • Increasing individuality – much less governed by strict rules/expectations
    • Acceptance of these changes- actively disengage from roles/relationships
  20. Ego integrity
    • sense that one has lived a useful life. Must
    • come to terms w/ how she is/has been, how her life has been lived,
    • opportunities gained and lost, come to terms with death.
  21. Vaillant
    • Career consolidation – social network tied to
    • career
    • Keeper of the meaning – preserving values of the culture, giving back rather than taking from.
  22. Divergent thinking
    multiple solutions to a problem w/ no clear answer
  23. Fluid intelligence
    the ability to reason abstractly. May begin to decline in mid adulthood
  24. Crystallized intelligence
    • individs accumulated info and verbal skills.
    • Continues to increase in mid adulthood

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